Those who struggle with anorexia nervosa (AN) and bulimia nervosa (BN) often develop kidney diseases due to the toll restricting, binging, and purging take on the body. Some of these conditions can be very serious, but most are fully treatable.
Which problem is a possible medical complication of anorexia nervosa?
Anorexia can impact the heart and blood vessels in a few different ways . One of the most common ways is that people may develop an abnormally low heart rate or blood pressure. This can lead to serious medical problems, including heart failure or sudden death due to irregular heartbeats .
What are common medical complications associated with bulimia nervosa?
- Throat and stomach ulcers.
- Tooth decay and cavities.
- Esophagus inflammation (esophagitis) and tears.
- Damage to your intestines and stomach damage.
- Electrolyte imbalance.
- Abnormal heart rhythm (arrhythmia).
- Heart failure.
- Increased risk of suicide.
What are 3 complications of anorexia?
- Heart problems, such as mitral valve prolapse, abnormal heart rhythms or heart failure.
- Bone loss (osteoporosis), increasing the risk of fractures.
- Loss of muscle.
- In females, absence of a period.
- In males, decreased testosterone.
- Gastrointestinal problems, such as constipation, bloating or nausea.
What complications are associated with eating disorders?
- Serious health problems.
- Depression and anxiety.
- Suicidal thoughts or behavior.
- Problems with growth and development.
- Social and relationship problems.
- Substance use disorders.
- Work and school issues.
What are 3 complications of bulimia?
Possible complications include: Negative self-esteem and problems with relationships and social functioning. Dehydration, which can lead to major medical problems, such as kidney failure. Heart problems, such as an irregular heartbeat or heart failure. Severe tooth decay and gum disease.
What bulimia does to your body?
Over time, bulimia can affect your body in the following ways: Stomach damage from overeating. Electrolyte imbalance (having levels of sodium, potassium, or other minerals that are too high or too low, which can lead to heart attack or heart failure) Ulcers and other damage to your throat from vomiting.
What are 3 warning signs of bulimia?
- Episodes of binge eating.
- Self-induced vomiting.
- Smelling like vomit.
- Misuse of laxatives and diuretics.
- Complaining about body image.
- Expressing guilt or shame about eating.
Which of the following risks are associated with anorexia and bulimia?
Seizures. Another serious long-term health risk associated with anorexia is seizures. These can occur in people with bulimia as well as those with anorexia. Loss of consciousness, incontinence, and muscle spasms can also occur.
What are the health risks of anorexia?
- Irregular heartbeats.
- Low blood sugar.
- Loss of bone mass.
- Kidney and liver damage.
What are the 5 symptoms of anorexia?
- You don’t eat enough, so you’re underweight.
- Your self-esteem is based on the way your body looks.
- You are obsessed with and terrified of gaining weight.
- It’s hard for you to sleep through the night.
- Dizziness or fainting.
- Your hair is falling out.
- You no longer get your period.
What is the main difference between anorexia and anorexia nervosa?
“Anorexia” describes a simple inability or aversion to eating, whether caused by a medical problem or a mental health issue. “Anorexia nervosa,” however, is the name for the clinical eating disorder, the main symptom of which is self-starvation.
What does anorexia and bulimia have in common?
Excessive exercise aimed at weight loss or at preventing weight gain is common in both anorexia nervosa and in bulimia.
What is a likely long term consequence of anorexia?
In severe cases, the long-term health risks of anorexia may result in suffering nerve damage that affects the brain and other parts of the body. As a result, these nervous system conditions can include: Seizures. Disordered thinking. Numbness or tingling in the hands or feet (peripheral neuropathy)
What other disorders might occur with anorexia nervosa?
- Substance abuse/alcohol.
- Borderline personality disorder (BPD)
- Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD)
Can bulimia cause high blood pressure?
Heart failure is one of the leading fatal effects from bulimia. Bulimia can also induce high blood pressure, severe headaches, seizures, and fatigue.
How does anorexia affect the kidneys?
Anorexia nervosa can affect the kidney in numerous ways, including increased rates of acute kidney injury and chronic kidney disease, electrolyte abnormalities, and nephrolithiasis.
Can bulimia cause thyroid problems?
We hypothesize that binge-purge behavior may transiently increase thyroid indices and, consequently, metabolic rate in patients with bulimia nervosa. Furthermore, decreases in T3 following abstinence may be related to diminished caloric consumption or may reflect hypothalamic-pituitary dysregulation in these patients.
Which of the following is a way that anorexia nervosa is different from bulimia nervosa?
Which of the following is a way that anorexia nervosa is different from bulimia nervosa? Anorexia is associated with binge eating, and bulimia is associated with starvation.
How does bulimia affect the heart?
Frequent purging can cause dehydration. This leads to weak muscles and extreme fatigue. It can also throw your electrolytes out of balance and put strain on your heart. This can cause an irregular heartbeat (arrhythmia), and in some severe cases, a weakened heart muscle and heart failure.
What can long term bulimia cause?
Throat Damage Other long-term consequences of bulimia include damage to the kidneys, increased risk of kidney stones and kidney failure, diabetes, high cholesterol, hormonal imbalances, fertility problems, chronic dehydration, chronic fatigue, and electrolyte imbalances.
How does bulimia nervosa affect a person and their life?
Bulimia can cause serious physical damage to your body. Vomiting can damage your teeth. Laxative misuse can lead to heart disease and digestive problems such as irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) and constipation. It’s important to get help quickly if you think you have bulimia.
What is bulimia face?
When a person has been engaging in self-induced vomiting regularly and they suddenly stop engaging in the behaviour, their salivary glands in front of their ears (cheeks) may begin to swell. This makes their cheeks look swollen.
What are the risk factors of bulimia?
- Social isolation.
- Change in mood or personality.
- Refusing to eat in front of people.
- Constantly talking about weight or food.
- Impulsive behaviors.
- Excessive or new substance or alcohol use.
- Striving for perfectionism.
- Intense fear of weight gain.
What are the behavioral signs of bulimia nervosa?
- Depression, anxiety.
- Extreme fear of gaining weight.
- Low self-esteem and dissatisfaction with one’s appearance.
- Social withdrawal.
- A lack of self-control.
- Denial of binging, purging and other harmful behavior.