Damage to cardiac myocytes may also occur and lead to congestive heart failure, ventricular arrhythmia, or sudden cardiac death. Moreover, bulimia is associated with psychosocial stress and anxiety, which are additional risk factors for cardiovascular disease and death.
What are the health risks associated with bulimia?
- Cardiac complications (irregular heartbeat and heart failure stemming from electrolyte imbalances such as potassium, sodium, and chloride)
- Edema (stemming from periods of purging cessation)
- Ulcers, pancreatitis.
What are 3 effects of bulimia?
Bulimia can permanently damage your stomach and intestines, causing other problems like constipation, diarrhea, and irritable bowel syndrome. Hormonal problems. Reproductive issues, including irregular periods, missed periods, and fertility problems are common side effects when you have bulimia.
What are two long term effects of bulimia?
Long term effects of bulimia include: Sever dehydration. Tooth decay & cavities. Irregular periods.
Can bulimia cause thyroid problems?
We hypothesize that binge-purge behavior may transiently increase thyroid indices and, consequently, metabolic rate in patients with bulimia nervosa. Furthermore, decreases in T3 following abstinence may be related to diminished caloric consumption or may reflect hypothalamic-pituitary dysregulation in these patients.
Which of the following is a symptom of bulimia?
These are the most common symptoms of bulimia: Usually a normal or above average body weight. Recurrent episodes of binge eating and fear of not being able to stop eating. Self-induced vomiting (usually secretive)
What are the long term effects of vomiting?
Over time, the high acid content of vomit can damage teeth and cause enamel erosion, tooth sensitivity, and gum disease. Puffy cheeks or jaws may be noticed secondary to swollen salivary glands. Acid can also: irritate or tear your esophagus.
What permanent damage does bulimia cause?
Other long-term consequences of bulimia include damage to the kidneys, increased risk of kidney stones and kidney failure, diabetes, high cholesterol, hormonal imbalances, fertility problems, chronic dehydration, chronic fatigue, and electrolyte imbalances.
How does bulimia affect the brain?
By studying the brain scans of women with and without bulimia, researchers have discovered that their brains react differently to food cues. They found that, in women with bulimia, there is less blood flow in a part of the brain that is linked to self-thinking.
Can bulimia cause Diabetes?
For the first time, scientists have found diseases like bulimia and binge eating disorder place people at risk for diabetes; previous research has shown that depression is also a risk factor for diabetes.
Can eating disorders cause hyperthyroidism?
Can Anorexia Cause Hyperthyroidism? Eating disorders do not usually cause hyperthyroidism. Graves’ disease, an immune system disorder, is the most common cause of hyperthyroidism, not anorexia. With hyperthyroidism, the thyroid is overactive and produces excessive amounts of hormones.
What can thyroid cause?
- Goiter. Constant stimulation of your thyroid to release more hormones may cause the gland to become larger — a condition known as a goiter.
- Heart problems.
- Mental health issues.
- Peripheral neuropathy.
- Birth defects.
What are the reasons for thyroid problems?
Problems with the thyroid can be caused by: iodine deficiency. autoimmune diseases, in which the immune system attacks the thyroid, leading either to hyperthyroidism (caused by Graves’ disease) or hypothyroidism (caused by Hashimoto’s disease) inflammation (which may or may not cause pain), caused by a virus or …
What are five effects that bulimia nervosa may have on the body?
- low blood pressure and irregular heart rate.
- dry skin.
- decreased electrolyte levels and dehydration.
- esophageal ruptures from excessive vomiting.
- gastrointestinal problems.
- irregular periods.
What is a characteristic of bulimia nervosa?
The diagnostic criteria for bulimia in the DSM are: 1) recurrent episodes of binge eating with a sense of lack of control occurring at least twice per week for at least three months, 2) recurrent, inappropriate compensatory behavior, such as vomiting, in order to prevent weight gain 3) and self-evaluation that is …
Does bulimia nervosa affect teeth?
Tooth Erosion Studies show that between 47 and 93% of bulimia nervosa patients who vomit exhibit damage to tooth enamel. 1 If you engage in self-induced vomiting, you should be aware that bringing acidic contents of your stomach into your mouth may cause erosion of the enamel surface of your teeth.
Can bulimia cause kidney failure?
Those who struggle with anorexia nervosa (AN) and bulimia nervosa (BN) often develop kidney diseases due to the toll restricting, binging, and purging take on the body. Some of these conditions can be very serious, but most are fully treatable.
Can bulimia cause GERD?
In patients with bulimia, GERD is caused by self-induced vomiting and weakening of the lower esophageal sphincter, resulting in contents flowing upwards into the esophagus. Typically, the esophageal sphincter would prevent stomach contents and acid from moving up into the esophagus.
Why do bulimics have heart attacks?
One of the most serious ways bulimia affects the body is by causing heart problems. When you purge, your body loses important minerals called electrolytes. Potassium and sodium chloride are examples. This can cause your heart to beat irregularly.
What does bulimia do to your face?
“Chipmunk Cheeks”: A Common Sign of Bulimia One of the telltale signs of bulimia is the appearance of swollen cheeks – colloquially known as “chipmunk cheeks” – on the sides of the face. Caused by the enlargement of the parotid glands (one of the salivary glands), the medical term for this phenomenon is sialadenosis.
Can bulimia cause memory loss?
There are three particular diagnoses of eating disorders that have been linked to memory impairments: anorexia nervosa (AN), bulimia nervosa (BN), and binge eating disorder (BED).
What happens after years of bulimia?
Other effects can include cavities, gum disease, intestinal problems, hair loss, dry skin, sleep problems, stroke, and organ failure. Due to this intense damage to the body, people with bulimia are at risk of death if they do not seek treatment.
How does bulimia affect diabetes?
Eating disorders are associated with type 2 diabetes because people with bulimia or BED tend to binge on foods that are high in sugar and fat, and low in protein. Even though bulimics purge food, some food and nutrients will remain in the body, which can cause high blood sugar levels.
Can bulimia cause high blood pressure?
Heart failure is one of the leading fatal effects from bulimia. Bulimia can also induce high blood pressure, severe headaches, seizures, and fatigue.
Can bulimia cause cardiomyopathy?
It causes irreversible damage to cardiac cells leading to cardiomyopathy with ventricular dysfunction, congestive heart failure, ventricular arrhythmias, and even sudden cardiac death. Binge and purge behavior also has an impact on the cardiovascular response to stress.