Does the prevalence of bulimia vary across cultures?

Prevalence rates for bulimia nervosa ranged from 0% to 2.1% in males and from 0.3% to 7.3% in female subjects in Western countries. Prevalence rates in non-Western countries for bulimia nervosa ranged from 0.46% to 3.2% in female subjects.

How does culture affect bulimia?

The authors suggest that bulimia nervosa may be so influenced by culture because binge eating is reliant upon an individual having access to enough available food to have a binge episode. Relatedly, purging seems to predominately occur in cultures where thinness is highly valued (Keel & Klump, 2003).

What culture has the highest rate of eating disorders?

It is fair to say that the increasing rate of eating disorders, Japan has the highest rate of prevalence, followed by Hong Kong, Singapore, Taiwan, and South Korea. Then following are the Philippines, Malaysia, Indonesia, Thailand, China, and Vietnam [7].

What demographic is most likely to have an eating disorder?

Eating disorders can occur in individuals of any age from children to older adults. However, studies show a peak in the occurrence of eating disorders during adolescence and early adulthood. Therefore, teenage girls and young women have the highest risk factor for developing eating disorders based on age.

Is bulimia a culture-bound syndrome?

Bulimia Nervosa is a similar culture-bound syndrome to Anorexia Nervosa in which purging is the method of losing weight. Many times people who have these eating disorders though do not have one strict eating disorder.

Does culture cause eating disorders?

Cultural beliefs and attitudes have been identified as significant contributing factors in the development of eating disorders. Rates of these disorders appear to vary among different racial/ethnic and national groups, and they also change across time as cultures evolve.

Who are the groups most vulnerable to eating disorders?

Women are considered to be the population most impacted by eating disorders, with studies indicating women have higher rates of Anorexia Nervosa, Bulimia Nervosa, and Binge Eating Disorder than men (. 9%, 1.6%, and .

What race is most affected by anorexia nervosa?

Anorexia nervosa is found most often in Caucasians, but these illnesses also affect African Americans and other races. People pursuing activities or professions that emphasize thinness – such as modeling, dancing, gymnastics, wrestling, and long-distance running – are more susceptible to these disorders.

What groups are more at risk for developing eating disorders?

  • Genetics. People with first degree relatives, siblings or parents, with an eating disorder appear to be more at risk of developing an eating disorder, too.
  • Environment.
  • Peer Pressure.
  • Emotional Health.

Who is most affected by bulimia?

Bulimia most often affects females and starts during the teenage years. But, it can also affect males. People with bulimia are more likely to come from families with a history of eating disorders, physical illness, and other mental health problems.

Which gender is more likely to have an eating disorder?

Eating disorders are much more common among women than men. Now, a new study may have uncovered a neurological explanation for this disparity. Researchers find that women are more likely than men to experience brain activity relating to negative body perception.

Why is anorexia harder than bulimia?

Unlike anorexia nervosa, which is easily discernible given low body weight, the variance in weight presentation among bulimics makes this condition more difficult to diagnose.

Do social and cultural factors cause eating disorders?

Socio-cultural factors are one of the important variables involved in development of anorexia nervosa. The prevalence of the illness has shown a definite increase in last few decades.

Why does Japan have a high rate of eating disorders?

Without question, the rise in eating disorders in Japan correlated with increasing industrialization, urbanization, and the fraying of traditional family forms following World War II.

What role does culture play in the development of eating disorders?

Eating disorders occur most often in industrialized cultures where there is an emphasis on thinness, especially if thinness is linked to success. Magazines, television, and other media have created an unrealistic image of the perfect, successful person.

What are the five culture-bound syndromes?

culture-bound syndrome Culture-bound syndromes include, among others, amok, amurakh, bangungut, hsieh-ping, imu, jumping Frenchmen of Maine syndrome, koro, latah, mal de pelea, myriachit, piblokto, susto, voodoo death, and windigo psychosis.

What is orthorexia?

What Is Orthorexia? Orthorexia is an unhealthy focus on eating in a healthy way. Eating nutritious food is good, but if you have orthorexia, you obsess about it to a degree that can damage your overall well-being. Steven Bratman, MD, a California doctor, coined the term in 1996.

What is Western culture-bound syndrome?

In medicine and medical anthropology, a culture-bound syndrome, culture-specific syndrome, or folk illness is a combination of psychiatric and somatic symptoms that are considered to be a recognizable disease only within a specific society or culture.

What personality characteristics seem to be associated with anorexia and bulimia?

Personality traits such as neuroticism (emotional stability), obsessiveness, and perfectionism play a large role in facilitating some eating disorders, particularly anorexia and bulimia. Research suggests that these traits are at least partially driven by genetics.

Is anorexia nervosa a culture bound disorder why why not?

Anorexia nervosa is presently considered a Western culture-bound syndrome. A cultural focus on dieting and ideals of thinness for women are assumed to be implicated in the disorder.

What are some psychosocial factors that contribute to eating behaviors?

  • Low self-esteem.
  • Feelings of inadequacy or lack of control in life.
  • Depression, anxiety, anger or loneliness.

What are 5 reasons that contribute to eating disorders?

  • age.
  • family history.
  • excessive dieting.
  • psychological health.
  • life transitions.
  • extracurricular activities.

Does bulimia cause weight loss?

(1) People with bulimia sometimes make themselves vomit to eliminate the calories they consume. The bingeing and purging cycle isn’t even an effective way to lose weight. Indeed, many people with bulimia actually gain weight over time. Your body starts absorbing calories from the moment you put food in your mouth.

Which group is most likely to be content with a larger amount of body fat?

Older adults tend to carry more body fat than younger adults. While BMI and weight tend to decline in the elderly, visceral abdominal fat may continue to increase. [5] Men and women with larger body frames may have a higher weight from greater (heavier) bone mass rather than fat mass.

What do sufferers of Bigorexia believe?

Bigorexia is defined by the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (DSM-5) as a body dysmorphic disorder that triggers a preoccupation with the idea that your body is too small or not muscular enough.

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