How are anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa the same?

Both are serious conditions. Bulimia nervosa is a cycle of binge eating followed by compensatory behaviors, such as self-induced vomiting, excessive exercise, or severely restricting food intake. Anorexia nervosa is characterized by severe food restriction. This could be limiting the amount of food or types of food.

What are the 2 main causes of anorexia?

  • Biological. Although it’s not yet clear which genes are involved, there may be genetic changes that make some people at higher risk of developing anorexia.
  • Psychological.
  • Environmental.

What is common to both anorexia and bulimia?

Excessive exercise aimed at weight loss or at preventing weight gain is common in both anorexia nervosa and in bulimia.

What are the main 2 causes of bulimia?

The exact cause of bulimia is unknown. Many factors could play a role in the development of eating disorders, including genetics, biology, emotional health, societal expectations and other issues.

What are 3 health problems caused by bulimia?

  • Cardiac complications (irregular heartbeat and heart failure stemming from electrolyte imbalances such as potassium, sodium, and chloride)
  • Dehydration.
  • Edema (stemming from periods of purging cessation)
  • Ulcers, pancreatitis.

What are 3 environmental causes of anorexia?

Environmental factors include events and influences in an individual’s life, such as diet culture, the media, trauma, and weight teasing.

What are 3 environmental cultural causes of anorexia?

  • Stress at school or work.
  • Physical and/or sexual abuse.
  • Difficult family relationships.
  • Bullying about body weight or shape.
  • Stressful life events (e.g., loss of job, relationship breakdown)

Which statement represents a similarity between anorexia and bulimia quizlet?

Which statement represents a similarity between anorexia and bulimia? They both most commonly affect women. Early intervention ______ the likelihood of recovery for a person with an eating disorder.

In what ways are the symptoms of anorexia and bulimia similar?

  • severe weight loss.
  • insomnia.
  • dehydration.
  • constipation.
  • weakness and fatigue.
  • dizziness and fainting.
  • thinning and breaking hair.
  • bluish tinge to the fingers.

What are the 2 types of bulimia?

Specifically, there are two types of bulimia: Purging Type – When the binge episode is followed by self-induced vomiting or misuse of laxatives or diuretics. This is the most common form of bulimia. Non-Purging Type – When the binge episode is followed by excessive exercise or fasting.

Can u have anorexia and bulimia at the same time?

One-third of those with an intake diagnosis of anorexia nervosa experienced crossover to bulimia nervosa; while crossover from restricting-type anorexia nervosa to bulimia nervosa was unlikely, just over one-half of those with an intake diagnosis of binge eating/purging-type anorexia nervosa experienced crossover to …

What is a common result of bulimia nervosa?

Over time, these habits cause problems of their own that may increase anxiety, stress and negative mood-especially depression, shame and guilt. Also, substance use/abuse is common among individuals with bulimia nervosa.

What are 5 physical effects of bulimia?

  • anemia.
  • low blood pressure and irregular heart rate.
  • dry skin.
  • ulcers.
  • decreased electrolyte levels and dehydration.
  • esophageal ruptures from excessive vomiting.
  • gastrointestinal problems.
  • irregular periods.

What are 3 warning signs of bulimia?

  • Episodes of binge eating.
  • Self-induced vomiting.
  • Smelling like vomit.
  • Misuse of laxatives and diuretics.
  • Complaining about body image.
  • Expressing guilt or shame about eating.
  • Depression.
  • Irritability.

Which of the following is a symptom of bulimia?

These are the most common symptoms of bulimia: Usually a normal or above average body weight. Recurrent episodes of binge eating and fear of not being able to stop eating. Self-induced vomiting (usually secretive)

What are the social causes of anorexia?

  • Perfectionistic personality.
  • Difficulty communicating negative emotions.
  • Difficulty resolving conflict.
  • Low self-esteem.
  • Maternal encouragement of weight loss and negatively expressed emotion from the individual’s mother.

What typically causes eating disorders?

The exact cause of eating disorders is unknown. As with other mental illnesses, there may be many causes, such as: Genetics and biology. Certain people may have genes that increase their risk of developing eating disorders.

What other diseases can anorexia cause?

Anorexia is associated with bone health issues. This can include osteopenia, fractures, osteoporosis, and more. The longer a person lives with anorexia, the more severe these problems will be. Additionally, some bone loss stemming from anorexia can be irreversible.

What social factors might cause eating disorders?

  • Troubled family and personal relationships.
  • Difficulty expressing emotions and feelings.
  • History of being teased or ridiculed based on size or weight.
  • History of physical or sexual abuse.

Who is most likely to have an eating disorder?

Eating disorders can occur in individuals of any age from children to older adults. However, studies show a peak in the occurrence of eating disorders during adolescence and early adulthood. Therefore, teenage girls and young women have the highest risk factor for developing eating disorders based on age.

What is bulimia nervosa and what are the health consequences?

Bulimia Nervosa involves a cycle of binging and purging. The health consequences of bulimia are most often related to purging behaviors. Binge Eating Disorder involves frequent episodes of binge eating. The health consequences are most often associated with being overweight.

What are some warning signs a person with anorexia might display?

  • Extreme weight loss.
  • Emaciated appearance.
  • Yellowing skin.
  • Brittle nails.
  • Irregular heartbeat.
  • Frequent abdominal pain.
  • Dizziness.
  • Fatigue.

Which of the following is a similarity between anorexics and bulimics?

As a generalized look at the similarities, they both: Are emotional disorders centered around using (or not using) food as a means of control and coping. Affect people who feel that their lives are out of control. Suffer from body image issues.

Which characteristic is very common in individuals with anorexia nervosa?

People who suffer from anorexia nervosa tend to have high levels of harm avoidance, a personality trait characterized by worrying, pessimism, and shyness, and low levels of novelty seeking, which includes impulsivity and preferring new or novel things (Fassino et al., 2002).

What questions could you ask to determine if she suffers from anorexia or bulimia?

Do other people say you’re thin but you think you’re fat? Do you make yourself vomit? Do you take laxatives or diuretics to lose weight? Do you exercise no matter how tired or sick you feel and get upset if you miss a day?

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