In text, cite the name of the association and the name of the manual in full at the first mention in the text; thereafter, you may refer to the traditional DSM form (italicized) as follows: DSM–III (1980) 3rd ed. DSM–III–R (1987) 3rd ed., revised DSM–IV (1994) 4th ed. DSM–IV–TR (2000) 4th ed., text rev.
What are the clinical guidelines for a diagnosis of anorexia nervosa?
The American Psychiatric Association DSM-5 diagnostic criteria for anorexia nervosa (APA, 2013) include self-imposed or maintained weight loss such that the person is underweight (for age and height) and associated overvaluation of shape and weight (see Page 3 First published in Australian and New Zealand Journal of …
What is the DSM-5 criteria for anorexia nervosa?
Disturbance in the way in which one’s body weight or shape is experienced, undue influence of body weight or shape on self-evaluation, or denial of the seriousness of the current low body weight.
What does the DSM-5 say about anorexia?
To be diagnosed with anorexia nervosa according to the DSM-5, the following criteria must be met: Restriction of energy intake relative to requirements leading to a significantly low body weight in the context of age, sex, developmental trajectory, and physical health.
What qualifies as an eating disorder?
Eating disorders are behavioral conditions characterized by severe and persistent disturbance in eating behaviors and associated distressing thoughts and emotions. They can be very serious conditions affecting physical, psychological and social function.
What are the three essential diagnostic features of anorexia nervosa?
- Restriction of calorie consumption leading to weight loss or a failure to gain weight resulting in a significantly low body weight based on that person’s age, sex, height and stage of growth.
- Intense fear of gaining weight or becoming “fat.”
- Having a distorted view of themselves and their condition.
What are the two types of anorexia nervosa?
Anorexia nervosa may be divided into 2 subtypes: Restricting, in which severe limitation of food intake is the primary means to weight loss. Binge-eating/purging type, in which there are periods of food intake that are compensated by self-induced vomiting, laxative or diuretic abuse, and/or excessive exercise.
How do I cite the DSM-5 in APA?
- American Psychiatric Association. ( 2013). Title of chapter. In Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (5th ed.).
- American Psychiatric Association. ( 2013). Bipolar and related disorders.
- More Resources:
What are 4 characteristics of anorexia nervosa?
Frequently skipping meals or refusing to eat. Denial of hunger or making excuses for not eating. Eating only a few certain “safe” foods, usually those low in fat and calories. Adopting rigid meal or eating rituals, such as spitting food out after chewing.
What is the main difference between anorexia and anorexia nervosa?
“Anorexia” describes a simple inability or aversion to eating, whether caused by a medical problem or a mental health issue. “Anorexia nervosa,” however, is the name for the clinical eating disorder, the main symptom of which is self-starvation.
Why is orthorexia not in the DSM?
This is primarily because there was a paucity of Orthorexia research during the last revision of the DSM and, therefore, provided an inadequate evidence base to add criteria for an additional eating/feeding disorder.
What is classified anorexia?
Anorexia is an eating disorder and serious mental health condition. People who have anorexia try to keep their weight as low as possible by not eating enough food or exercising too much, or both.
What eating disorder is most common in the US?
Binge eating disorder is the most common eating disorder in the U.S., according to the National Eating Disorders Association. It’s characterized by episodes of eating large amounts of food, often quickly and to the point of discomfort.
What are the 7 examples of disordered eating patterns?
- Binge eating disorder.
- Avoidant/restrictive food intake disorder (ARFID)
- Other specified feeding and eating disorder (OSFED)
What is secondary anorexia?
Secondary anorexia is one of the main factors responsible for the development of malnutrition, which in turn negatively affects patient morbidity and mortality. Different mechanisms have been proposed to explain the pathogenesis of secondary anorexia.
What does Diabulimia mean?
What is diabulimia? Type 1 diabetes with disordered eating (T1DE) or diabulimia is an eating disorder that only affects people with type 1 diabetes. It’s when someone reduces or stops taking their insulin to lose weight.
Which eating disorder diagnosis has the best prognosis?
Bulimia nervosa is more common than anorexia nervosa and has a better prognosis. The rate of mood, anxiety, and substance use disorders is higher in the families of bulimic than anorectic patients.
What disorders are often comorbid with eating disorders?
The most common psychiatric disorders which co-occur with eating disorders include mood disorders (e.g., major depressive disorder), anxiety disorders (e.g., obsessive compulsive disorder, social anxiety disorder), post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and trauma, substance use disorders, personality disorders (e.g. …
Which individual has the highest risk of developing an eating disorder?
Eating disorders can occur in individuals of any age from children to older adults. However, studies show a peak in the occurrence of eating disorders during adolescence and early adulthood. Therefore, teenage girls and young women have the highest risk factor for developing eating disorders based on age.
What does anorexia do to your brain?
Parts of the brain undergo structural changes and abnormal activity during anorexic states. Reduced heart rate, which could deprive the brain of oxygen. Nerve-related conditions including seizures, disordered thinking, and numbness or odd nerve sensations in the hands or feet.
What are 3 environmental causes of anorexia?
- Stress at school or work.
- Physical and/or sexual abuse.
- Difficult family relationships.
- Bullying about body weight or shape.
- Stressful life events (e.g., loss of job, relationship breakdown)
What age group has the most eating disorders?
The eating disorders anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa, respectively, affect 0.5 percent and 2-3 percent of women over their lifetime. The most common age of onset is between 12-25. Although much more common in females, 10 percent of cases detected are in males.
How do you cite the DSM-5 in APA 7 in text?
For the APA 7th edition, parenthetical in-text citations should include the version of the manual and initials. In this case, the actual in-text citation should appear (5th ed.; DSM-5; American Psychiatric Association, 2013). Also, these details should appear inside the rounded parenthesis.
How do you cite in text APA?
When using APA format, follow the author-date method of in-text citation. This means that the author’s last name and the year of publication for the source should appear in the text, like, for example, (Jones, 1998). One complete reference for each source should appear in the reference list at the end of the paper.
When treating a person with an eating disorder The first priority is?
The first priority in treating an eating disorder is to evaluate if the individual is healthy enough to receive outpatient therapy or if he/she needs to be hospitalized as an inpatient until weight can be stabilized. Once stable, an individual can seek outpatient therapy to assist in the treatment of the disorder.