How does bulimia affect the body long-term?

Throat Damage Other long-term consequences of bulimia include damage to the kidneys, increased risk of kidney stones and kidney failure, diabetes, high cholesterol, hormonal imbalances, fertility problems, chronic dehydration, chronic fatigue, and electrolyte imbalances.

What is common to both anorexia and bulimia?

Excessive exercise aimed at weight loss or at preventing weight gain is common in both anorexia nervosa and in bulimia.

What are 2 health consequences of bulimia?

The main health consequences of bulimic subjects are injury to the gastrointestinal tract, skin problems, hair loss, increased serum amylase levels, metabolic acidosis and hormonal imbalances that lead to amenorrhea in women (lack of menstrual cycle), up to electrolyte imbalance (hypokalemia, hyponatraemia, …

What are 3 side effects of bulimia?

  • anemia.
  • low blood pressure and irregular heart rate.
  • dry skin.
  • ulcers.
  • decreased electrolyte levels and dehydration.
  • esophageal ruptures from excessive vomiting.
  • gastrointestinal problems.
  • irregular periods.

What are some organs that anorexia and bulimia affect?

If a person with anorexia becomes severely malnourished, every organ in the body can be damaged, including the brain, heart and kidneys. This damage may not be fully reversible, even when the anorexia is under control.

What is the relationship between anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa?

Both are serious conditions. Bulimia nervosa is a cycle of binge eating followed by compensatory behaviors, such as self-induced vomiting, excessive exercise, or severely restricting food intake. Anorexia nervosa is characterized by severe food restriction. This could be limiting the amount of food or types of food.

What are the consequences of bulimia?

  • Dehydration.
  • Electrolyte imbalances.
  • Irregular heartbeat.
  • Heart failure.
  • Tooth decay.
  • Acid reflux.
  • Inflammation and rupture of esophagus.
  • Intestinal distress and irritation.

What are three health consequences of anorexia?

  • Weight Loss. Weight loss is the most common health risk associated with anorexia nervosa.
  • Gastrointestinal complaints. Someone suffering from anorexia may experience nausea, stomach pain, bloating, vomiting, constipation, and dizziness.
  • Fatigue.
  • Hair Loss.
  • Dehydration.

What is a likely long-term consequence of anorexia?

In severe cases, the long-term health risks of anorexia may result in suffering nerve damage that affects the brain and other parts of the body. As a result, these nervous system conditions can include: Seizures. Disordered thinking. Numbness or tingling in the hands or feet (peripheral neuropathy)

What mental illnesses does bulimia cause?

bulimia nervosa experience one or more anxiety disorders,” most commonly, obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), social phobia, and specific phobia [1]. Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) can occur up to three times more frequently in individuals with bulimia than those with anorexia [1].

Does bulimia cause brain damage?

A patient who suffers from anorexia or bulimia for many years will have accrued more damage to his/her brain than someone who finds treatment and recovery early on in their illness. The type of eating disorder, however, does not influence levels of neuro-disruption or the amount of damage reversal possible.

What are 2 warning signs of bulimia?

  • Episodes of binge eating.
  • Self-induced vomiting.
  • Smelling like vomit.
  • Misuse of laxatives and diuretics.
  • Complaining about body image.
  • Expressing guilt or shame about eating.
  • Depression.
  • Irritability.

What are two physical consequences of anorexia nervosa?

Reduction of bone density (osteoporosis), which results in dry, brittle bones. Muscle loss and weakness. Severe dehydration, which can result in kidney failure. Fainting, fatigue, and overall weakness.

What are 4 risks factors associated with anorexia nervosa?

Studies have shown that depression, anxiety, obsessive-compulsive disorder, and low self-esteem are eating disorder risk factors. Individuals who suffer from these emotional disorders are at risk of developing eating disorder in the future.

Which statement represents a similarity between anorexia and bulimia quizlet?

Which statement represents a similarity between anorexia and bulimia? They both most commonly affect women. Early intervention ______ the likelihood of recovery for a person with an eating disorder.

What differences exist between bulimics and anorexics quizlet?

Anorexics have distorted body image, bulimics have accurate body image; anorexics significantly below normal weight, bulimic’s weight is average or above-average. Eating disorder characterized by an inability to maintain normal weight, an intense fear of gaining weight, and distorted body perception.

When is bulimia nervosa or anorexia nervosa most likely to begin?

Risk factors Girls and women are more likely to have bulimia than boys and men are. Bulimia often begins in the late teens or early adulthood. Factors that increase your risk of bulimia may include: Biology.

What is the most serious medical consequence of bulimia?

Those with bulimia are at heightened risk for dehydration because water volume can drop so quickly during a purging episode. If too much water is purged from the body, it can result in serious medical complications including hypovolemic (low blood volume) shock, seizures and kidney or heart failure.

What is the health consequences of anorexia?

Health Consequences of Anorexia Nervosa The risk for heart failure rises as the heart rate and blood pressure levels sink lower and lower. Reduction of bone density (osteoporosis), which results in dry, brittle bones. Muscle loss and weakness. Severe dehydration, which can result in kidney failure.

What does bulimia do to your face?

“Chipmunk Cheeks”: A Common Sign of Bulimia One of the telltale signs of bulimia is the appearance of swollen cheeks – colloquially known as “chipmunk cheeks” – on the sides of the face. Caused by the enlargement of the parotid glands (one of the salivary glands), the medical term for this phenomenon is sialadenosis.

What happens if you leave bulimia untreated?

If left untreated, bulimia can result in long-term health problems such as abnormal heart rhythms, bleeding from the esophagus due to excessive reflux of stomach acid, dental problems, and kidney problems.

What are 5 physical effects of anorexia?

  • Dramatic weight loss.
  • Distorted body image.
  • Obsession with weight, food, and dieting.
  • Withdrawal.
  • Denial of hunger.
  • Intense fear of weight gain even though they are “underweight”
  • Avoidance of situations involving food.
  • Loss of menstrual cycle.

What other disorders might occur with anorexia nervosa?

  • Anxiety.
  • Depression.
  • Substance abuse/alcohol.
  • Self-injury.
  • Borderline personality disorder (BPD)
  • Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD)

What happens after years of anorexia?

The longer a person struggles with anorexia and irregular or ceased periods, the more likely bone loss is permanent. Neurological damage can also occur that can affect other issues such as seizures, disordered thinking, tingling or numbness in the hands and feet.

What is a potential outcome of untreated anorexia nervosa?

In severe cases, vital organs such as your brain, heart and kidneys can sustain damage. This damage may be irreversible even after a person has recovered from anorexia. Severe medical complications that can happen from untreated anorexia include: Irregular heartbeats (arrhythmia).

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