The repeated acts of purging can cause dehydration, damage the endocrine glands, interfere with digestion and absorption of crucial nutrients and cause low bone density. These consequences of bulimia can cause brittle bones and ultimately, osteoporosis.
What is the relationship between amenorrhea and osteoporosis?
Amenorrhea may herald the onset of estrogen deficiency, which can adversely affect peak bone mass and ultimate risk of osteoporosis.
Can prolonged amenorrhea can lead to osteoporosis?
Low estrogen levels are a common cause of both amenorrhea and osteoporosis. Having untreated amenorrhea puts you at increased risk of osteoporosis. Amenorrhea and subsequent low bone mass can affect teens going through puberty, postmenopausal women, and others.
The link between anorexia nervosa and osteoporosis Extremely low body weight in females can cause the body to stop producing estrogen, resulting in a condition known as amenorrhea, or absent menstrual periods. Low estrogen levels contribute to significant losses in bone density.
How long does it take for amenorrhea to affect bone density?
Untreated hypothalamic amenorrhea is associated with progressive bone loss during the first 5 yr of amenorrhea, after which the rate of bone loss may significantly decline, as demonstrated by Biller et al.
What is athlete triad syndrome?
The female athlete triad (the triad) is an interrelationship of menstrual dysfunction, low energy availability (with or without an eating disorder), and decreased bone mineral density; it is relatively common among young women participating in sports.
What are 3 health problems caused by bulimia?
- Cardiac complications (irregular heartbeat and heart failure stemming from electrolyte imbalances such as potassium, sodium, and chloride)
- Edema (stemming from periods of purging cessation)
- Ulcers, pancreatitis.
What permanent damage does bulimia cause?
Other long-term consequences of bulimia include damage to the kidneys, increased risk of kidney stones and kidney failure, diabetes, high cholesterol, hormonal imbalances, fertility problems, chronic dehydration, chronic fatigue, and electrolyte imbalances.
Which disorder is associated with amenorrhea?
An overactive thyroid gland (hyperthyroidism) or underactive thyroid gland (hypothyroidism) can cause menstrual irregularities, including amenorrhea. Pituitary tumor. A noncancerous (benign) tumor in your pituitary gland can interfere with the hormonal regulation of menstruation. Premature menopause.
What are the underlying conditions that cause amenorrhea?
- Family history of amenorrhea or early menopause.
- Genetic or chromosomal condition that affects your menstrual cycle.
- Obesity or being underweight.
- Eating disorder.
- Poor diet.
- Chronic illness.
Which underlying conditions are associated with amenorrhea?
- Pregnancy. When you are pregnant, you don’t ovulate so your period stops temporarily.
- Ovulation problems.
- Birth defect, anatomical defect, or other health condition.
- Eating disorder.
- Overexercise or strenuous exercise.
- Thyroid disorder.
What are the 3 major risk factors for osteoporosis?
- Low calcium intake. A lifelong lack of calcium plays a role in the development of osteoporosis.
- Eating disorders. Severely restricting food intake and being underweight weakens bone in both men and women.
- Gastrointestinal surgery.
What are 7 risk factors for osteoporosis?
- Sex hormones.
- Anorexia nervosa.
- Calcium and vitamin D intake.
- Medication use.
- Cigarette smoking.
- Alcohol intake.
Can you get osteoporosis from an eating disorder?
The earlier eating disorders occur, and the longer they last, the greater the risk of bone loss and osteoporosis. Good nutrition is critical throughout your life. If you restrict your eating, your body may be deprived of many nutrients necessary for strong bones (such as calories, protein, calcium, and vitamin D).
Is amenorrhea associated with bulimia?
Amenorrhea and Anorexia Many women with a history of anorexia nervosa experience amenorrhea. Typically, this is secondary amenorrhea, with an estimated 66-84% of women with anorexia nervosa experiencing amenorrhea and 77% of women with bulimia with a history of anorexia nervosa also experience it.
How long does it take to get your period back after amenorrhea?
The process of getting your period back can take anywhere from a few weeks to six months, Carlson says. In the meantime, your doctor can monitor levels of estrogen and other hormones to make sure you’re moving in the right direction. Sometimes, the process does involve weight gain.
What term describes a combination of disordered eating amenorrhea and osteoporosis?
Definitions and Prevalence. The female athlete triad is a combination of three interrelated conditions that are associated with athletic training: disordered eating, amenorrhea and osteoporosis.
Are there long term effects of amenorrhea?
Longer-term consequences include higher cardiovascular disease risk and threatened bone health. Low estrogen suppresses bone production, which can lead to bone loss, osteopenia (loss of bone calcium), and increased risk of fractures. Amenorrhea can cause bone loss in as little as six months.
Does amenorrhea have long term effects?
Long-term complications of athletic amenorrhoea The long-term complications of untreated athletic amenorrhoea include: reduced fertility – women are less likely to get pregnant if they do not menstruate regularly, but athletic amenorrhoea has no effect on long-term fertility once regular menstruation returns.
What hormone is affected by amenorrhea?
This condition occurs when the hypothalamus, a gland in the brain that regulates body processes, slows or stops releasing gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH), the hormone that starts the menstrual cycle.
Why do female athletes get osteoporosis?
In female athletes, a higher incidence of osteoporosis is due to a decreased rate of bone accretion in youth, often as a result of hormonal deficiency and/or excessive exercise.
What is Osteoporosi?
Osteoporosis is a health condition that weakens bones, making them fragile and more likely to break. It develops slowly over several years and is often only diagnosed when a fall or sudden impact causes a bone to break (fracture). The most common injuries in people with osteoporosis are: broken wrist.
What are the first signs of female athlete triad?
- no periods or irregular periods.
- weight loss or low BMI.
- stress fractures (tiny cracks in bones)
- other broken bones or sports injuries.
What is the most serious consequence of bulimia?
Health Consequences of Bulimia Nervosa Electrolyte imbalances that can lead to irregular heartbeats and possibly heart failure and death. Electrolyte imbalance is caused by dehydration and loss of potassium, sodium and chloride from the body as a result of purging behaviors.
What disorder is commonly comorbid with bulimia?
Major depression is the most common comorbidity, followed by anxiety disorders, including generalized anxiety disorder, panic disorder, obsessive-compulsive disorder, social phobia, and posttraumatic stress disorder in nearly 60% of bulimia nervosa patients.