The psychodynamic approach is determinist as it rejects the idea of free will. A person’s behavior is determined by their unconscious motives which are shaped by their biological drives and their early experiences.
How does the psychodynamic approach explain bulimia?
In all of the psychodynamic theories, eating disorder symptoms are seen as expressions of a struggling inner self that uses the disordered eating and weight control behaviors as a way of communicating or expressing underlying issues.
How does bulimia relate to psychology?
As with anorexia, people with bulimia often have coexisting psychological illnesses, such as depression, anxiety, and substance abuse problems. Many physical dysfunctions can result from purging, including electrolyte imbalances, gastrointestinal troubles, and dental problems.
What are 3 physiological changes that occur with bulimia nervosa?
Physiological effects of bulimia nervosa on the gastrointestinal tract include dental caries and enamel erosion; enlargement of the parotid gland; esophagitis; changes in gastric capacity and gastric emptying; gastric necrosis; and alterations of the intestinal mucosa.
Which therapy is most effective for bulimia?
The most effective treatment methodologies for bulimia nervosa include Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT), Dialectical Behavior Therapy (DBT), Exposure and Response Prevention (ERP), and holistic therapies. Cognitive Behavioral Therapy is the most evidence-based treatment approach for all mental illnesses.
What does psychodynamic therapy focus on?
Psychodynamic therapy focuses on the psychological roots of emotional suffering. Its hallmarks are self-reflection and self-examination, and the use of the relationship between therapist and patient as a window into problematic relationship patterns in the patient’s life.
What is psychodynamic perspective?
Definition. The psychodynamic perspective encompasses a number of theories that explain both normal and pathological personality development in terms of the dynamics of the mind. Such dynamics include motivational factors, affects, unconscious mental processes, conflict, and defense mechanisms.
What are the physical emotional and psychological effects of bulimia?
Psychological symptoms of bulimia nervosa feelings of shame, guilt and disgust, especially after eating and/or purging. a distorted body image or extreme dissatisfaction with body shape – people can think they are fat even when they have a healthy body weight. low self-esteem, depression, anxiety or irritability.
How does bulimia nervosa affect a person and their life?
Over time, bulimia can affect your body in the following ways: Stomach damage from overeating. Electrolyte imbalance (having levels of sodium, potassium, or other minerals that are too high or too low, which can lead to heart attack or heart failure) Ulcers and other damage to your throat from vomiting.
Is bulimia a mental disease?
Bulimia nervosa (commonly known as bulimia) is an eating disorder and serious mental health problem. Someone with bulimia might feel parts of their lives are out of control and use purging to give them a sense of control. Bulimia is a serious condition that can cause long-term damage, but help is available.
What are 5 physical effects of bulimia?
- low blood pressure and irregular heart rate.
- dry skin.
- decreased electrolyte levels and dehydration.
- esophageal ruptures from excessive vomiting.
- gastrointestinal problems.
- irregular periods.
What are the consequences of bulimia?
- Electrolyte imbalances.
- Irregular heartbeat.
- Heart failure.
- Tooth decay.
- Acid reflux.
- Inflammation and rupture of esophagus.
- Intestinal distress and irritation.
Social impact of having an eating disorder These problems include: Disruption of family. Blame, fights over food, weight, treatment etc. Family members struggle with guilt, worry, anxiety, and frustration.
What is the primary aim of psychotherapy for people with bulimia nervosa?
Psychotherapy and Bulimia Behavior therapy focuses on altering habits (such as bingeing and purging). Sessions are usually devoted to analyzing the behavior and devising ways to change it, and the patient follows specific instructions between sessions.
How does cognitive behavioral therapy work to address both the underlying causes and the symptoms of disordered eating?
CBT is a psychotherapeutic approach to treat eating disorders and involves different techniques. The different techniques allow you to comprehend the interaction between your thoughts, feelings and behaviours, and plan strategies to change negative thoughts and behaviours to improve your mood and health.
How can you help someone with bulimia?
- Remind them that you believe in them and their ability to recover.
- Spend time together and give the person the opportunity to talk.
- Organise activities that give them a chance to enjoy themselves.
What are the 3 elements of psychodynamic theory?
There are several key assumptions in psychodynamic theory: All behavior has an underlying cause. The causes of a person’s behavior originate in their unconscious. Different aspects of a person’s unconscious struggle against each other.
What techniques are used in psychodynamic therapy?
- Psychodynamic Diagnostic Manual (PDM) The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual, or DSM, is often referred to as the clinical psychologist’s Bible.
- Rorschach Inkblots.
- Freudian Slip.
- Free Association.
- Dream Analysis.
What is an example of psychodynamic therapy?
Psychodynamic therapy focuses on building the client’s internal resources to be able to deal with problems going forward without the aid of the therapist. For example, a client with depression may learn how to explore how reactions to present-day circumstances may be influenced by past events.
What is a real world example of psychodynamic?
Psychodynamic Perspective Examples Obsessive hand washing could be linked to a trauma in childhood that now causes this behavior. Nail-biting may be caused by an anxiety-inducing childhood event. A childhood event that caused fear in an open space may trigger agoraphobia in an adult.
What is the psychodynamic model of abnormal behavior?
Psychodynamic theory refers to the behavior motivated by internal or psychological forces and abnormality is caused by imbalance in internal forces that motivate the behavior. He believed that mental illnesses arises from unsolved conscious conflicts and these happens mostly in early childhood( Freud 1925).
What are the four main psychological emotional states that are associated with eating disorders?
Psychological and emotional health. People with eating disorders may have psychological and emotional problems that contribute to the disorder. They may have low self-esteem, perfectionism, impulsive behavior and troubled relationships.
What is the typical profile of a person with bulimia nervosa?
The typical profile of a person with bulimia nervosa is an adolescent to young adult female who is impulsive, perfectionistic, hard-working, introverted, resistant to change and self-critical. They also tend to have low self-esteem based on body image distortion.
How does bulimia cause anxiety?
For some individuals who are susceptible to eating disorders, social anxiety can trigger one of these mental illnesses, such as bulimia nervosa. Maladaptive eating behaviors, such as binging and purging, may develop as an attempt to cope with and manage the intense anxiety that is experienced with social anxiety.
Does bulimia affect mood?
Mental and Emotional Effects Because bulimia nervosa is a mental health disorder, some of the most common side effects of bulimia nervosa are mental and emotional. Such common effects include anxiety, depression, and obsessive-compulsive disorders.