In what ways are anorexia nervosa and bulimia alike and different?

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People living with anorexia and bulimia use strategies to avoid gaining weight or reduce their weight. People with anorexia may avoid eating altogether, whereas people with bulimia have episodes of binge eating and then purge their body of food. Eating disorders often occur alongside other mental health conditions.

What is the relationship between anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa?

However, they’re characterized by different food-related behaviors. For example, people who have anorexia severely reduce their food intake to lose weight. People who have bulimia eat an excessive amount of food in a short period of time, then purge or use other methods to prevent weight gain.

What do people with anorexia have in common?

Symptoms of anorexia nervosa include: A relentless pursuit of thinness and unwillingness to maintain a normal or healthy weight. Intense fear of gaining weight. Distorted body or self-image that is heavily influenced by perceptions of body weight and shape. Denial of the seriousness of low body weight.

Which statement represents a similarity between anorexia and bulimia quizlet?

Which statement represents a similarity between anorexia and bulimia? They both most commonly affect women. Early intervention ______ the likelihood of recovery for a person with an eating disorder.

What differences exist between bulimics and anorexics quizlet?

Anorexics have distorted body image, bulimics have accurate body image; anorexics significantly below normal weight, bulimic’s weight is average or above-average. Eating disorder characterized by an inability to maintain normal weight, an intense fear of gaining weight, and distorted body perception.

Which of the following appear to be the main cause of anorexia and bulimia?

Genetic Factors However, twin study research, which can isolate the role of genetics, has confirmed that approximately 40% to 60% of the risk for anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa, and binge eating disorder arises from genetic influence.

Which of the following is a similarity between binge eating and bulimia nervosa?

Although they may be severely underweight, individuals with bulimia nervosa will often see themselves as overweight and fat. One similarity between binge eating disorder and bulimia nervosa involves feeling uncomfortable around others when eating or simply refusing to eat with anyone.

Which characteristic is very common in individuals with anorexia nervosa?

People who suffer from anorexia nervosa tend to have high levels of harm avoidance, a personality trait characterized by worrying, pessimism, and shyness, and low levels of novelty seeking, which includes impulsivity and preferring new or novel things (Fassino et al., 2002).

What is the main difference between anorexia and anorexia nervosa?

But there are differences between the two. Anorexia nervosa doesn’t cause loss of appetite. People with anorexia nervosa purposely avoid food to prevent weight gain. People who suffer from anorexia (loss of appetite) unintentionally lose interest in food.

What personality traits do people with eating disorders have?

Personality traits commonly associated with eating disorder (ED) are high perfectionism, impulsivity, harm avoidance, reward dependence, sensation seeking, neuroticism, and obsessive-compulsiveness in combination with low self-directedness, assertiveness, and cooperativeness [8-11].

Can I have anorexia if I’m not underweight?

A person does not need to be underweight to have anorexia. Larger-bodied individuals can also have anorexia. However, they may be less likely to be diagnosed due to cultural stigma against fat and obesity. In addition, someone can be underweight without having anorexia.

Which of the following traits is common among people with bulimia nervosa?

Common symptoms of bulimia nervosa include (1): recurrent episodes of binge eating with a feeling of lack of control. recurrent episodes of inappropriate purging behaviors to prevent weight gain. self-esteem overly influenced by body shape and weight.

Which of the following is a similarity between anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa?

As a generalized look at the similarities, they both: Are emotional disorders centered around using (or not using) food as a means of control and coping. Affect people who feel that their lives are out of control. Suffer from body image issues.

What is the connection between bulimia and dieting?

Dieting is generally deemed a risk factor for bulimia because someone diets, eventually caves and eats, then feels badly for eating and purges, and the cycle begins. This may be the case in many with bulimia, however research again proves every case of an eating disorder is different but equally important.

Which eating disorder has the highest mortality?

Background. Anorexia nervosa (AN) is a common eating disorder with the highest mortality rate of all psychiatric diseases.

Is bulimia more common in males or females?

Bulimia nervosa affects 1-1.5% of females and there is a 10:1 ratio of females to males suffering from the disorder (American Psychiatric Association, 2013). Some research has been done to determine how risk factors for bulimia nervosa differ between men and women.

What is the most significant characteristic of a person with bulimia quizlet?

What is the most insignificant characteristic of a person with bulimia? The person is close to her ideal body weight. Bulimia nervosa is more prevalent than anorexia nervosa in both women and men. You just studied 15 terms!

What is the average age for developing bulimia quizlet?

The average age of onset of Anorexia Nervosa is 16 – 17 yet the number of cases of children affected and cases of early onset continues to rise. The average age of onset of Bulimia Nervosa is 18 or 19 years.

What happens to the body in anorexia nervosa?

If a person with anorexia becomes severely malnourished, every organ in the body can be damaged, including the brain, heart and kidneys. This damage may not be fully reversible, even when the anorexia is under control.

What causes anorexia in the brain?

While bulimics may have low levels of serotonin, other studies indicate that anorexics have high levels of neurotransmitters in some areas of the brain. For example, researchers in London found that anorexics have an overproduction of serotonin, which can cause a continual state of acute stress and anxiety.

What is the psychology behind anorexia nervosa?

The cause of anorexia nervosa is rarely about food or weight but rather about unresolved negative emotions and past traumas that result from the complex intertwining relationships between social, biological, and psychological factors, which can be rooted deep within the individual since early childhood.

Can you have bulimia if you don’t vomit?

Purging is one group of these behaviors, including self-induced vomiting and using diuretics or laxatives. But another type of bulimia is non purging bulimia. This is a disorder in which you binge but do not purge through vomiting, diuretics or laxatives.

What is bulimia face?

When a person has been engaging in self-induced vomiting regularly and they suddenly stop engaging in the behaviour, their salivary glands in front of their ears (cheeks) may begin to swell. This makes their cheeks look swollen.

What symptom is a primary characteristic of bulimia?

It is characterized by uncontrolled episodes of overeating, called bingeing. This is followed by purging with methods such as vomiting or misuse of laxatives. Bingeing is eating much larger amounts of food than you would normally eat in a short period of time, usually less than 2 hours.

What are 4 characteristics of anorexia nervosa?

Anorexia nervosa is characterized by emaciation, a relentless pursuit of thinness and unwillingness to maintain a normal or healthy weight, a distortion of body image and intense fear of gaining weight, a lack of menstruation among girls and women, and extremely disturbed eating behavior.

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