Objective: Amenorrhea is a DSM-IV criterion for the diagnosis of anorexia nervosa (AN). Several studies have reported few differences between patients who meet the full DSM-IV criteria for AN and those who meet all but the amenorrhea criterion.
Which of the following is a DSM-5 criteria for anorexia nervosa?
To be diagnosed with anorexia nervosa according to the DSM-5, the following criteria must be met: Restriction of energy intake relative to requirements leading to a significantly low body weight in the context of age, sex, developmental trajectory, and physical health.
What are the three diagnostic criteria for anorexia nervosa?
Disturbance in the way in which one’s body weight or shape is experienced, undue influence of body weight or shape on self-evaluation, or denial of the seriousness of the current low body weight.
Which of the following is a diagnostic criterion for anorexia nervosa in DSM IV TR?
Refusal to maintain body weight at or above a minimally normal weight for age and height (eg, weight loss or failure to gain weight that leads to a body weight less than 85 percent of that expected for age and height). Intense fear of gaining weight or becoming fat, even though underweight.
Which of the following diagnoses is new to the DSM-5?
Excoriation (skin-picking) disorder is newly added to DSM-5, with strong evidence for its diagnostic validity and clinical utility. DSM-IV included a specifier “with obsessive-compulsive symptoms” in the diagnoses of anxiety disor- ders due to a general medical condition and substance-induced anxiety disorders.
How is someone diagnosed with anorexia?
These exams and tests generally include: Physical exam. This may include measuring your height and weight; checking your vital signs, such as heart rate, blood pressure and temperature; checking your skin and nails for problems; listening to your heart and lungs; and examining your abdomen. Lab tests.
What are 4 characteristics of anorexia nervosa?
Frequently skipping meals or refusing to eat. Denial of hunger or making excuses for not eating. Eating only a few certain “safe” foods, usually those low in fat and calories. Adopting rigid meal or eating rituals, such as spitting food out after chewing.
What are the two specifiers for anorexia nervosa?
The DSM-5 includes severity specifiers (i.e., mild, moderate, severe, extreme) for anorexia nervosa (AN), bulimia nervosa (BN), and binge-eating disorder (BED), which are determined by weight status (AN) and frequencies of binge-eating episodes (BED) or inappropriate compensatory behaviors (BN).
Which criterion is not required for a diagnosis of anorexia nervosa quizlet?
All of these features are required for a diagnosis of anorexia nervosa EXCEPT: intense fear of gaining weight and being fat.
What does the DSM-5 say about eating disorders?
According to the DSM-5, the category of other specified feeding or eating disorder (OSFED) is applicable to individuals who are experiencing significant distress due to symptoms that are similar to disorders such as anorexia, bulimia, and binge-eating disorder, but who do not meet the full criteria for a diagnosis of …
What is the main difference between anorexia and anorexia nervosa?
“Anorexia” describes a simple inability or aversion to eating, whether caused by a medical problem or a mental health issue. “Anorexia nervosa,” however, is the name for the clinical eating disorder, the main symptom of which is self-starvation.
What is the weight criteria for anorexia nervosa?
A normal BMI for an adult is 18.5-25. Above that you are overweight and below that you are underweight. Adults with anorexia have a BMI below 17.5.
What is a defining characteristic of anorexia nervosa?
Anorexia Nervosa is characterized by the National Institute of Mental Illness as individuals that have “a significant and persistent reduction in food intake leading to extremely low body weight; a relentless pursuit of thinness; a distortion of body image and intense fear of gaining weight; and extremely disturbed …
What BMI would a patient need to have in order to be diagnosed with anorexia nervosa according to the DSM-5?
Severity is based on body mass index (BMI) derived from World Health Organization categories for thinness in adults; corresponding percentiles should be used for children and adolescents: Mild: BMI greater than or equal to 17 kg/m2, Moderate: BMI 16–16.99 kg/m2, Severe: BMI 15–15.99 kg/m2, Extreme: BMI less than 15 kg/ …
What other disorders might occur along with anorexia nervosa name at least four?
Borderline, obsessive-compulsive, and avoidant personality disorders are some of the most common types of personality disorders diagnosed in people with anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa, or binge-eating disorder.
What is the difference between DSM-IV and V?
In the DSM-IV, patients only needed one symptom present to be diagnosed with substance abuse, while the DSM-5 requires two or more symptoms in order to be diagnosed with substance use disorder. The DSM-5 eliminated the physiological subtype and the diagnosis of polysubstance dependence.
What is DSM-IV?
DSM-IV refers to a clinically significant behavioral or psychological syndrome or pattern that occurs in an individual. However, the phrase “clinically significant” is in some ways tautological here; its definition is precisely what is at stake when defining a mental disorder.
Which is the DSM-5 eating disorder that was most recently added as a diagnosis?
Binge Eating Disorder (BED) is now an actual eating disorder diagnosis in the DSM-5 which was released by the American Psychiatric Association in May 2013. DSM stands for Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders.
What is atypical anorexia nervosa?
It’s called atypical anorexia nervosa. The patient, usually a young woman, has all the symptoms of anorexia except that she’s not underweight. The atypical anorexia patient is usually someone who has historically been overweight. Obsessed with getting thinner, she has been dieting and exercising excessively.
Why do anorexics need blood tests?
Labs and Tests Tests may be performed to rule out other health conditions that could be causing weight loss and other symptoms, or to check for problems that may have arisen as a result of anorexia.
Which long term health effect is highly associated with a diagnosis of anorexia nervosa?
One of the top long-term health risks of anorexia has to do with our bones. Nearly 90 percent of women with anorexia experience a condition known as Osteopenia, which translates to a loss of bone calcium.
What are the 5 symptoms of anorexia?
The progression of anorexia can cause many changes and affect virtually all body organs. Symptoms may include fatigue, constipation, feeling cold, brittle hair and dry skin.
Which personality trait is consistent with a diagnosis of anorexia nervosa?
Individuals with anorexia nervosa are known to have high levels of harm avoidance, a personality trait that is characterized by worry, pessimistic thinking, doubt, and shyness.
Which is a characteristic of a person with restricting type anorexia nervosa?
The restricting type of anorexia involves eating very little food and losing weight through self-starvation or excessive exercise. The number of calories consumed by restricting individuals is insufficient to support bodily functions and normal activities.
Which of the following Bmis is associated with severe anorexia nervosa?
Mild: BMI of greater than 17. Moderate: BMI of 16–16.99. Severe: BMI of 15–15.99.