Should amenorrhea be a diagnostic criterion for anorexia nervosa?

Conclusions: Amenorrhoea did not discriminate between women with anorexia nervosa and women with all the features except amenorrhoea across a number of relevant variables. The authors question the utility of amenorrhoea as a diagnostic criterion.

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Which of the following is a diagnostic criterion for anorexia nervosa?

To be diagnosed with anorexia nervosa according to the DSM-5, the following criteria must be met: Restriction of energy intake relative to requirements leading to a significantly low body weight in the context of age, sex, developmental trajectory, and physical health.

What are 4 characteristics of anorexia nervosa?

Frequently skipping meals or refusing to eat. Denial of hunger or making excuses for not eating. Eating only a few certain “safe” foods, usually those low in fat and calories. Adopting rigid meal or eating rituals, such as spitting food out after chewing.

What is a defining characteristic of anorexia nervosa?

Anorexia Nervosa is characterized by the National Institute of Mental Illness as individuals that have “a significant and persistent reduction in food intake leading to extremely low body weight; a relentless pursuit of thinness; a distortion of body image and intense fear of gaining weight; and extremely disturbed …

How is someone diagnosed with anorexia?

Although there are no lab tests to specifically diagnose anorexia, the doctor might use various diagnostic tests, such as blood tests, to rule out physical illness as the cause of the weight loss, as well as to evaluate the effects of the weight loss on the body’s organs.

What are 3 characteristics of anorexia?

  • Low body mass index (
  • Bodyweight less than 85 percent of ideal body weight.
  • Body temperature less than 35-degree Celcius.
  • Bradycardia (heartbeat less than 60 beats per minute)
  • Hypotension (BP of less than 90/50 mm Hg)
  • Dry, scaly skin.

What is the main characteristic of anorexia nervosa quizlet?

Anorexia nervosa is a life-threatening eating disorder characterized by the client’s refusal or inability to maintain a minimally normal body weight, intense fear of gaining weight or becoming fat, significantly disturbed perception of the shape or size of the body, and steadfast inability or refusal to acknowledge the …

What are some characteristics of anorexia nervosa quizlet?

What are some characteristics of anorexia nervosa? Extreme weight loss, distorted body image, and irrational fear of weight gain.

Which of the following actions is a diagnostic criterion of bulimia nervosa?

According to the DSM-5, the official diagnostic criteria for bulimia nervosa are: Recurrent episodes of binge eating.

What other disorders might occur with anorexia nervosa?

  • Anxiety.
  • Depression.
  • Substance abuse/alcohol.
  • Self-injury.
  • Borderline personality disorder (BPD)
  • Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD)

Which of the following is a physiological change often associated with anorexia nervosa?

Which of the following is a physiological change often associated with anorexia nervosa? fever, diarrhea, and vomiting.

What are the 5 symptoms of anorexia?

The progression of anorexia can cause many changes and affect virtually all body organs. Symptoms may include fatigue, constipation, feeling cold, brittle hair and dry skin.

What is an example of anorexia?

You may see yourself as fat even though you have a very low body weight. With anorexia, you may use unusual eating habits to cope with stress, anxiety, and low self-esteem. Limiting food may give you a sense of control over your life. This problem affects more women than men.

Which behaviors occur in anorexia nervosa restricting type?

A person with the restricting subtype of anorexia nervosa severely restricts energy intake and weight loss occurs primarily through dieting, fasting and/or excessive exercise. Recurrent episodes of binge eating or purging behaviour have not been observed in the past three months.

What assessment is used for anorexia nervosa?

Shorter measures such as the Eating Attitudes Test (EAT-12; EAT-26) [50] and SCOFF [10] are useful in primary care situations where an ED may be suspected (NICE Guidelines; Allen et al., 2011), and identifying the need for second screening steps is a focus.

What are the two types of anorexia nervosa?

Anorexia nervosa may be divided into 2 subtypes: Restricting, in which severe limitation of food intake is the primary means to weight loss. Binge-eating/purging type, in which there are periods of food intake that are compensated by self-induced vomiting, laxative or diuretic abuse, and/or excessive exercise.

What is the DSM-5 code for anorexia?

01) (F50. 02) Anorexia nervosa is a DSM-5 (Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th ed.)

What are the characteristics of individuals who are more likely to develop anorexia nervosa?

People who suffer from anorexia nervosa tend to have high levels of harm avoidance, a personality trait characterized by worrying, pessimism, and shyness, and low levels of novelty seeking, which includes impulsivity and preferring new or novel things (Fassino et al., 2002).

Which personality trait is consistent with a diagnosis of anorexia nervosa?

Individuals with anorexia nervosa are known to have high levels of harm avoidance, a personality trait that is characterized by worry, pessimistic thinking, doubt, and shyness.

What are the characteristics of anorexia nervosa and bulimia?

Defining Bulimia and Anorexia Bulimia nervosa is a cycle of binge eating followed by compensatory behaviors, such as self-induced vomiting, excessive exercise, or severely restricting food intake. Anorexia nervosa is characterized by severe food restriction. This could be limiting the amount of food or types of food.

Which one of the following is most closely associated with anorexia nervosa?

mental idea about his or her body. Which one of the following is most closely associated with anorexia nervosa? alternating binge eating and purging through vomiting, laxatives, or diuretics.

Which of the following diagnoses is new to the DSM 5?

Excoriation (skin-picking) disorder is newly added to DSM-5, with strong evidence for its diagnostic validity and clinical utility. DSM-IV included a specifier “with obsessive-compulsive symptoms” in the diagnoses of anxiety disor- ders due to a general medical condition and substance-induced anxiety disorders.

Which patient type is considered the most likely to suffer from anorexia nervosa?

Teen girls between 13 and 19 and young women in their early 20s are most at risk.

What is the primary characteristic of anorexia nervosa group of answer choices?

Anorexia nervosa is a serious and potentially life-threatening — but treatable — eating disorder. It’s characterized by extreme food restriction and an intense fear of gaining weight.

What is a common characteristic of a person with bulimia quizlet?

The person regularly engages in either self-induced vomiting, use of laxatives or diuretics, strict dieting or fasting, or vigorous exercise to prevent weight gain. 4. A minimum average of two binge-eating episodes a week for at least 3 months.

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