What are contributing factors of bulimia?

  • Social isolation.
  • Change in mood or personality.
  • Refusing to eat in front of people.
  • Constantly talking about weight or food.
  • Impulsive behaviors.
  • Excessive or new substance or alcohol use.
  • Striving for perfectionism.
  • Intense fear of weight gain.

What are 4 characteristics of anorexia nervosa?

Anorexia nervosa is characterized by emaciation, a relentless pursuit of thinness and unwillingness to maintain a normal or healthy weight, a distortion of body image and intense fear of gaining weight, a lack of menstruation among girls and women, and extremely disturbed eating behavior.

What is the difference between anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa?

The main difference between diagnoses is that anorexia nervosa is a syndrome of self-starvation involving significant weight loss of 15 percent or more of ideal body weight, whereas patients with bulimia nervosa are, by definition, at normal weight or above.

What is bulimia summary?

People who have bulimia go through periods where they eat a lot of food in a very short amount of time (binge eating) and then make themselves sick, use laxatives (medicine to help them poo) or do excessive exercise, or a combination of these, to try to stop themselves gaining weight.

What are 5 characteristics of bulimia?

  • Being preoccupied with your body shape and weight.
  • Living in fear of gaining weight.
  • Repeated episodes of eating abnormally large amounts of food in one sitting.
  • Feeling a loss of control during bingeing — like you can’t stop eating or can’t control what you eat.

What are the characteristics of anorexia nervosa and bulimia?

Bulimia nervosa is a cycle of binge eating followed by compensatory behaviors, such as self-induced vomiting, excessive exercise, or severely restricting food intake. Anorexia nervosa is characterized by severe food restriction. This could be limiting the amount of food or types of food.

What types of people have anorexia?

Anorexia is more common among girls and women than boys and men. Anorexia is also more common among girls and younger women than older women. On average, girls develop anorexia at 16 or 17. Teen girls between 13 and 19 and young women in their early 20s are most at risk.

In what ways are the symptoms of anorexia and bulimia similar?

  • severe weight loss.
  • insomnia.
  • dehydration.
  • constipation.
  • weakness and fatigue.
  • dizziness and fainting.
  • thinning and breaking hair.
  • bluish tinge to the fingers.

Can someone have both anorexia and bulimia?

Research has shown that about one-third of those with anorexia cross over to bulimia and 14 percent of those with bulimia cross over to anorexia (Eddy, Dorer, Franko, et al., 2008).

What is the main difference between anorexia and anorexia nervosa?

But there are differences between the two. Anorexia nervosa doesn’t cause loss of appetite. People with anorexia nervosa purposely avoid food to prevent weight gain. People who suffer from anorexia (loss of appetite) unintentionally lose interest in food.

What damage can bulimia cause?

Bulimia can permanently damage your stomach and intestines, causing other problems like constipation, diarrhea, and irritable bowel syndrome. Hormonal problems. Reproductive issues, including irregular periods, missed periods, and fertility problems are common side effects when you have bulimia.

Who is affected by bulimia?

Bulimia affects more girls and younger women than older women. Teen girls between 15 and 19 and young women in their early 20s are most at risk. But eating disorders are happening more often in older women. In one study, 13% of American women over 50 had signs of an eating disorder.

What are 3 warning signs of bulimia?

  • Episodes of binge eating.
  • Self-induced vomiting.
  • Smelling like vomit.
  • Misuse of laxatives and diuretics.
  • Complaining about body image.
  • Expressing guilt or shame about eating.
  • Depression.
  • Irritability.

Which is a common characteristic of anorexia?

Purging for Weight Control Purging is a common characteristic of anorexia. Purging behaviors include self-induced vomiting and the over use of certain medications like laxatives or diuretics. It can also include the use of enemas.

How do you classify bulimia?

  1. Recurrent episodes of binge eating.
  2. Recurrent inappropriate compensatory behavior in order to prevent weight gain, such as self-induced vomiting, misuse of laxatives, diuretics, or other medications, fasting, or excessive exercise.

What is the primary characteristic of bulimia?

The diagnostic criteria for bulimia in the DSM are: 1) recurrent episodes of binge eating with a sense of lack of control occurring at least twice per week for at least three months, 2) recurrent, inappropriate compensatory behavior, such as vomiting, in order to prevent weight gain 3) and self-evaluation that is …

Which statement represents a similarity between anorexia and bulimia quizlet?

Which statement represents a similarity between anorexia and bulimia? They both most commonly affect women. Early intervention ______ the likelihood of recovery for a person with an eating disorder.

Why do people have anorexia?

The causes that may contribute to a person developing anorexia nervosa include: Psychological factors, such as a high level of perfectionism or obsessive-compulsive personality traits, feeling limited control in life and low self-esteem, a tendency towards depression and anxiety and a poor reaction to stress.

What are 5 physical effects of anorexia?

  • Dramatic weight loss.
  • Distorted body image.
  • Obsession with weight, food, and dieting.
  • Withdrawal.
  • Denial of hunger.
  • Intense fear of weight gain even though they are “underweight”
  • Avoidance of situations involving food.
  • Loss of menstrual cycle.

What are the health risks of anorexia?

  • Irregular heartbeats.
  • Low blood sugar.
  • Loss of bone mass.
  • Kidney and liver damage.
  • Osteoporosis.
  • Insomnia.
  • Anemia.
  • Infertility.

How can we prevent anorexia?

There is no proven method to prevent anorexia nervosa. But looking out for symptoms of the disorder can help with quick diagnosis, treatment, and recovery.

Which of the following is a similarity between anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa?

As a generalized look at the similarities, they both: Are emotional disorders centered around using (or not using) food as a means of control and coping. Affect people who feel that their lives are out of control. Suffer from body image issues.

What differences exist between bulimics and anorexics quizlet?

Anorexics have distorted body image, bulimics have accurate body image; anorexics significantly below normal weight, bulimic’s weight is average or above-average. Eating disorder characterized by an inability to maintain normal weight, an intense fear of gaining weight, and distorted body perception.

Who anorexia definition?

Anorexia is an eating disorder and serious mental health condition. People who have anorexia try to keep their weight as low as possible by not eating enough food or exercising too much, or both. This can make them very ill because they start to starve.

What is bulimia face?

When a person has been engaging in self-induced vomiting regularly and they suddenly stop engaging in the behaviour, their salivary glands in front of their ears (cheeks) may begin to swell. This makes their cheeks look swollen.

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