What are examples comorbidities?

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Examples include diabetes, heart disease, high blood pressure (hypertension), psychiatric disorders, or substance abuse. Comorbidities tend to increase a person’s need for health care and the cost of care while decreasing the person’s ability to function in the world.

What disorder is most commonly comorbid with eating disorders?

The most common psychiatric disorders which co-occur with eating disorders include mood disorders (e.g., major depressive disorder), anxiety disorders (e.g., obsessive compulsive disorder, social anxiety disorder), post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and trauma, substance use disorders, personality disorders (e.g. …

What are comorbid disorders?

Comorbidities are more than one disorder in the same person. For example, if a person is diagnosed with both social anxiety disorder (SAD) and major depressive disorder (MDD), they are said to have comorbid (meaning co-existing) anxiety and depressive disorders.

What is the most common comorbidity associated with anorexia nervosa?

The eating disorders anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa present with comorbidity in a number of important areas, including depression, bipolar disorder, anxiety disorders (obsessive-compulsive disorder, panic disorder, social anxiety disorder and other phobias, and post-traumatic stress disorder) and substance abuse.

What disorder is the most common comorbidity of bulimia nervosa?

Major depression is the most common comorbidity, followed by anxiety disorders, including generalized anxiety disorder, panic disorder, obsessive-compulsive disorder, social phobia, and posttraumatic stress disorder in nearly 60% of bulimia nervosa patients.

What other disorders might occur along with anorexia nervosa?

  • Anxiety.
  • Depression.
  • Substance abuse/alcohol.
  • Self-injury.
  • Borderline personality disorder (BPD)
  • Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD)

What is psychiatric comorbidity?

Psychiatric comorbidity, defined as the co-existence of two or more psychiatric disorders, one of which is substance use disorder, may have a profound impact on outcome and mortality.

Which disorders have a high comorbidity rate and why?

Data show high rates of comorbid substance use disorders and anxiety disorders—which include generalized anxiety disorder, panic disorder, and post-traumatic stress disorder.

Which mental disorder is most commonly comorbid with alcoholism?

According to the National Institutes of Health (NIH), three mental disorders most commonly comorbid with alcoholism are major depression, bipolar disorder and anxiety disorder. Less frequently co-diagnosed with alcoholism is post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), dependent personality disorder and conduct disorder.

What is comorbidity quizlet?

comorbidity: Refers to the presence of two or more illnesses – medical or psychiatric conditions, including alcohol and other drug use disorders – in the same person. interpretational difficulties. Determining significance.

Why is obesity not a DSM 5 diagnosis?

Conclusion. In summary, the Eating Disorders Work Group concluded that obesity should not be included in DSM-5. Obesity is a heterogeneous condition with a complex and incompletely understood etiology, and thus cannot be considered a mental disorder per se.

Which is a characteristic of an individual who suffers from anorexia nervosa?

Denial of hunger or making excuses for not eating. Eating only a few certain “safe” foods, usually those low in fat and calories. Adopting rigid meal or eating rituals, such as spitting food out after chewing. Not wanting to eat in public.

What are the two personality traits most commonly used to describe behaviors associated with eating disorders?

Personality traits commonly associated with eating disorder (ED) are high perfectionism, impulsivity, harm avoidance, reward dependence, sensation seeking, neuroticism, and obsessive-compulsiveness in combination with low self-directedness, assertiveness, and cooperativeness [8-11].

What etiological explanations are there for the eating disorder?

It has been hypothesized that eating disorders have multiple and often shared etiologies including biological, psychological, developmental, and sociocultural. A tightly woven network of causes, symptoms, and outcomes of eating disorders makes the study of etiology of these disorders very challenging.

Which sociocultural factor has the greatest influence on the prevalence of eating disorders?

Sociocultural causes of eating disorders include the idealization of thin models and actresses by the media, SES, gender, and family involvement. The personality trait of perfectionism and low self-esteem are contributing factors to disorders related to eating, weight, and body shape.

Why do anxiety disorder and eating disorders both coexist in patients?

Anorexia Nervosa Anorexia and anxiety often co-occur due to having similar clinical factors such as a hyperfixation on perfectionism, rigidity in daily living, and meticulousness.

Which of the following can co exist with anorexia nervosa?

Three common personality disorders that may accompany anorexia and bulimia include Histrionic Personality Disorder, Borderline Personality Disorder, and Obsessive-Compulsive Personality Disorder.

Do people with schizophrenia have eating disorders?

Binge eating disorders and night eating syndromes are frequently found in patients with schizophrenia, with a prevalence of approximately 10%. Anorexia nervosa seems to affect between 1 and 4% of schizophrenia patients.

How do you deal with comorbidities?

  1. Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT)
  2. Dialectical Behavior Therapy (DBT)
  3. Assertive Community Treatment (ACT)
  4. Therapeutic Communities (TCs)
  5. Contingency Management (CM) or Motivational Incentives (MI)
  6. Exposure Therapy.

What causes comorbidity?

It may be a chance occurrence or be due to the conjunction of independent risk factors; or it may develop because two disorders have shared or overlapping risk factors, or because one disorder causes the other; or the comorbid condition may be a multiform expression of one of the pure disorders, or a third independent …

What is Folie Deux?

Folie à deux is defined as an identical or similar mental disorder affecting two or more individuals, usually the members of a close family. Two case reports of this condition are presented with a brief review of the literature.

What is a comorbidity of obesity?

These include: insulin resistance, glucose intolerance, diabetes mellitus, hypertension, dyslipidemia, sleep apnea, arthritis, hyperuricemia, gall bladder disease, and certain types of cancer.

What are the comorbidities of depression?

Comorbidities included dysthymia (19.5%), any anxiety disorders (21.1%) (panic disorder [6.8%], agoraphobia [5.8%], social phobia [3.7%], obsessive–compulsive disorder [OCD] [4.7%], generalized anxiety disorder [5.3%], and post-traumatic stress disorder [4.2%]), alcohol dependence (0.5%), psychotic disorder (1.6%), …

Why is comorbidity important?

Comorbidity substantially increases the burden of illness in chronic illness patients. For example, the Global Burden of Disease Study [25] evaluated chronic and acute illness and injury burden on patients across 188 countries (1990–2013) using years lived with disability (YLD).

What are the 2 most common mental health disorders associated with substance abuse?

The mental health problems that most commonly co-occur with substance abuse are depression, bipolar disorder, and anxiety disorders.

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