Social attitudes toward body appearance, family influences, genetics, and neurochemical and developmental factors may contribute to the development and maintenance of anorexia nervosa. A personal or family history of anxiety, depression or obsessive-compulsive habits is common.
What are the characteristics of families in which an individual may develop an eating disorder?
Research also indicates that families of individuals with eating disorders tend to be overprotective, perfectionistic, rigid, and focused on success. They have high, sometimes unreasonable expectations for achievement and may place exaggerated attention on external rewards.
- Perfectionistic personality.
- Difficulty communicating negative emotions.
- Difficulty resolving conflict.
- Low self-esteem.
- Maternal encouragement of weight loss and negatively expressed emotion from the individual’s mother.
What are 4 risks factors associated with anorexia nervosa?
These include a family history of anorexia nervosa,1-3 obesity,4 eating and weight concerns,5 affective disorder,1,6-12 substance abuse,9-11,13 and obsessive-compulsive disorder11,12,14; a history of exposure to adverse events and circumstances15-18; and the presence of certain traits such as perfectionism, …
Do Anorexics have controlling parents?
The families of anorexic patients are often characterized by extremely controlling parents and poor boundaries between the parents and their children.
What are some external influences that may lead a person to be at risk for anorexia?
- family history.
- excessive dieting.
- psychological health.
- life transitions.
- extracurricular activities.
What are the psychological consequences of anorexia?
In addition to the physical risks of anorexia, this disorder can also harm an individual mentally. Common psychological effects of anorexia include anxiety, depression, substance abuse, body dysmorphia, and Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder.
What is an enmeshed family?
In an enmeshed family, there are no boundaries between the family members. Instead of the strong bonds that signal a well-functioning family unit, family members are fused together by unhealthy emotions. Usually, enmeshment is rooted in trauma or illness.
What are the two personality traits most commonly used to describe behaviors associated with eating disorders?
Personality traits commonly associated with eating disorder (ED) are high perfectionism, impulsivity, harm avoidance, reward dependence, sensation seeking, neuroticism, and obsessive-compulsiveness in combination with low self-directedness, assertiveness, and cooperativeness [8-11].
Who is most affected by anorexia nervosa?
Anorexia is more common among girls and women than boys and men. Anorexia is also more common among girls and younger women than older women. On average, girls develop anorexia at 16 or 17. Teen girls between 13 and 19 and young women in their early 20s are most at risk.
- Troubled family and personal relationships.
- Difficulty expressing emotions and feelings.
- History of being teased or ridiculed based on size or weight.
- History of physical or sexual abuse.
Negative emotions such as anger, fear and sadness are associated with irregular eating patterns and eating as a distraction, to relax or feel better. Stress is associated with cravings for high fat and high carbohydrate foods particularly among women. Stress related eating is more common in women than men.
What is major risk factors of anorexia?
Changes in specific genes may put certain people at higher risk of anorexia. Those with a first-degree relative — a parent, sibling or child — who had the disorder have a much higher risk of anorexia. Dieting and starvation. Dieting is a risk factor for developing an eating disorder.
What are some of the factors that impact the risk of developing eating disorders?
- Low self-esteem.
- Difficulty expressing emotions.
- Feelings of inadequacy and helplessness.
- Difficult personal relationships.
- History of physical or sexual abuse.
- History of bullying, particularly due to weight or physical appearance.
Which of the following is one of the main characteristics of people suffering from anorexia nervosa?
The typical characteristics of a person with anorexia nervosa include: Low body mass index (
Can your parents cause eating disorders?
Research has found that genetics are responsible for 40-50% of the risk of developing an eating disorder. More specifically, a woman with a mother or sister who has anorexia nervosa is 12 times more likely to develop the disease and 4 times more likely to develop bulimia nervosa compared with the general population.
Can mothers cause eating disorders?
Many experts hypothesize that mothers may impact their daughter’s eating disorder by modeling eating behaviors and thoughts, setting relationship boundaries, or by genetically predisposing their child to an eating disorder.
What is severity in anorexia nervosa?
For AN, severity is determined by weight status: mild (BMI ≥ 17), moderate (BMI: 16–16.99), severe (BMI: 15–15.99), and extreme (BMI
What are 3 environmental causes of anorexia?
Environmental factors include events and influences in an individual’s life, such as diet culture, the media, trauma, and weight teasing.
Which factor plays the biggest role in the development of eating disorders?
One of the strongest risk factors for an eating disorder is perfectionism, especially a type of perfectionism called self-oriented perfectionism, which involves setting unrealistically high expectations for yourself. Body image dissatisfaction. Body image encompasses how you feel both about and in your body.
Who is most likely to have an eating disorder?
Eating disorders can occur in individuals of any age from children to older adults. However, studies show a peak in the occurrence of eating disorders during adolescence and early adulthood. Therefore, teenage girls and young women have the highest risk factor for developing eating disorders based on age.
Having a social life can be difficult for people with an eating disorder. When people develop eating disorders they can become more distant and start to spend more time alone. This can make their harmful thoughts or low self-esteem worse.
What are three long term effects of anorexia?
- Bone weakening (osteoporosis).
- Thyroid problems.
- Lack of vitamins and minerals.
- Low potassium levels in the blood.
- Decrease in white blood cells.
- Amenorrhea (absence of menstruation in females).
What are 5 physical effects of anorexia?
- Dramatic weight loss.
- Distorted body image.
- Obsession with weight, food, and dieting.
- Denial of hunger.
- Intense fear of weight gain even though they are “underweight”
- Avoidance of situations involving food.
- Loss of menstrual cycle.
What is a toxic family system?
A toxic family is one where your family members don’t respect your boundaries. Toxic family members create an unhealthy family situation. Toxic family members also build stressful interpersonal relationships and cause mental and emotional distress.