- Heart problems, such as mitral valve prolapse, abnormal heart rhythms or heart failure.
- Bone loss (osteoporosis), increasing the risk of fractures.
- Loss of muscle.
- In females, absence of a period.
- In males, decreased testosterone.
- Gastrointestinal problems, such as constipation, bloating or nausea.
What are five potential complications of eating disorders?
- Thinning of the bones (osteopenia or osteoporosis)
- Mild anemia.
- Muscle wasting and weakness.
- Brittle hair and nails.
- Dry and yellowish skin.
- Growth of fine hair all over the body (lanugo)
- Severe constipation.
- Low blood pressure.
What is the life threatening complication of anorexia nervosa nutritional rehabilitation?
The major danger of nutritional rehabilitation is the refeeding syndrome, characterized by fluid and electrolyte, cardiac, hematological and neurological complications, the most serious of which is sudden unexpected death. The refeeding syndrome is most likely to occur in those who are severely malnourished.
What are three long-term effects of anorexia?
- Bone weakening (osteoporosis).
- Thyroid problems.
- Lack of vitamins and minerals.
- Low potassium levels in the blood.
- Decrease in white blood cells.
- Amenorrhea (absence of menstruation in females).
Which complication resulting from anorexia nervosa is considered irreversible?
Bone loss. A serious and possibly irreversible complication of AN that correlates with the presence of sarcopenia is the loss of bone mineral density and a proclivity toward early development of osteopenia and osteoporosis, even in adolescent patients.
What is a likely long term consequence of anorexia?
In severe cases, the long-term health risks of anorexia may result in suffering nerve damage that affects the brain and other parts of the body. As a result, these nervous system conditions can include: Seizures. Disordered thinking. Numbness or tingling in the hands or feet (peripheral neuropathy)
Which medical complication is possible with the diagnosis of anorexia nervosa?
Anorexia nervosa is associated with numerous general medical complications that are directly attributable to weight loss and malnutrition [1,2]. The complications affect most major organ systems and often include physiologic disturbances such as hypotension, bradycardia, hypothermia, and amenorrhea.
What is the most common reason for hospitalization in people with anorexia?
Common complications associated with anorexia nervosa that might warrant hospitalization include severe weight loss,2,11 hypothermia,11–14 bradycardia,2,11–14 hypotension,2,11,13,14 and orthostatic changes in pulse and blood pressure.
Which of the following is most likely to be a health consequence of anorexia nervosa?
Health Consequences of Anorexia Nervosa The risk for heart failure rises as the heart rate and blood pressure levels sink lower and lower. Reduction of bone density (osteoporosis), which results in dry, brittle bones. Muscle loss and weakness. Severe dehydration, which can result in kidney failure.
What other disorders might occur with anorexia nervosa?
- Substance abuse/alcohol.
- Borderline personality disorder (BPD)
- Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD)
What are the 5 symptoms of anorexia?
The progression of anorexia can cause many changes and affect virtually all body organs. Symptoms may include fatigue, constipation, feeling cold, brittle hair and dry skin.
Does anorexia cause liver damage?
Anorexia nervosa is an eating disorder predominantly affecting young women and characterized by an intense fear of gaining weight and becoming fat. Liver injury with mild elevation of hepatic enzymes is a frequent complication, and steatosis of the liver is thought to be the major underlying pathology.
What is the prognosis for anorexia nervosa?
The prognosis of anorexia nervosa is guarded. Morbidity rates range from 10-20%, with only 50% of patients making a complete recovery. Of the remaining 50%, 20% remain emaciated and 25% remain thin. The remaining 10% become overweight or die of starvation.
What is refeeding syndrome in anorexia?
Refeeding syndrome (RS) is one of the serious complications during treatment of anorexia nervosa. It includes hormonal and metabolic changes that occur during the process of refeeding in chronically malnourished patient when nutrition is introduced in an excessive and improper amount.
What are the psychological consequences of anorexia?
Psychological symptoms of anorexia nervosa anxiety and irritability around meal times. depression and anxiety. low self-esteem, along with perfectionism. slowed thinking and decreased ability to concentrate.
What are the long term effects of not eating enough?
If you’re not getting enough calories, chances are you’re not getting enough vitamins and minerals either. Nutritional deficiencies may cause a long list of health complications including, but not limited to, anemia, infertility, bone loss, poor dental health and decreased thyroid function.
What are the long term effects of Undereating?
Undereating can also lead to an imbalanced diet. This can mean that a person’s body does not receive enough of specific nutrients to maintain a healthy immune system and fight off illnesses. It can also mean that illnesses, such as the common cold, last longer than they should.
How does anorexia affect the kidneys?
Anorexia nervosa can affect the kidney in numerous ways, including increased rates of acute kidney injury and chronic kidney disease, electrolyte abnormalities, and nephrolithiasis.
Can anorexia cause lung problems?
Conclusions. Persistent structural changes to the lungs are seldom, but severe complications of malnutrition in anorexia nervosa patients. Its multifactorial etiology makes it difficult to treat successfully, and it affects the patient’s quality of life significantly.
Which of the following is a physiological change often associated with anorexia nervosa?
Which of the following is a physiological change often associated with anorexia nervosa? fever, diarrhea, and vomiting.
When treating anorexia nervosa What is the first step that should be taken?
The first goal of treatment is getting back to a healthy weight. You can’t recover from anorexia without returning to a healthy weight and learning proper nutrition. Those involved in this process may include: Your primary care doctor, who can provide medical care and supervise your calorie needs and weight gain.
When does anorexia become irreversible?
The first victim of anorexia is often the bones. “You’re supposed to be pouring in bone, and you’re losing it instead.” Such bone loss can set in as soon as six months after anorexic behavior begins, and is one of the most irreversible complications of the disease.
What is a short term effect of anorexia?
The short term consequences of anorexia include the following: Weakness, lack of energy, and fatigue. Dizzyness. Fainting.
What does anorexia do to your brain?
Parts of the brain undergo structural changes and abnormal activity during anorexic states. Reduced heart rate, which could deprive the brain of oxygen. Nerve-related conditions including seizures, disordered thinking, and numbness or odd nerve sensations in the hands or feet.
Can anorexia cause pulmonary hypertension?
Conclusions: These observations indicate that anorexic agents, like hypoxia, can inhibit potassium current, cause membrane depolarization, and stimulate pulmonary vasoconstriction. They suggest one mechanism that could be responsible for initiating pulmonary hypertension in susceptible individuals.