What are primary characteristics of bulimia?

Bulimia is an eating disorder. It is characterized by uncontrolled episodes of overeating (called bingeing). This is followed by purging by self-induced vomiting, misuse of laxatives, and other methods. Bulimia typically affects females and starts during the teenage years.

Which of the following symptoms is characteristic of bulimia nervosa?

The diagnostic criteria for bulimia in the DSM are: 1) recurrent episodes of binge eating with a sense of lack of control occurring at least twice per week for at least three months, 2) recurrent, inappropriate compensatory behavior, such as vomiting, in order to prevent weight gain 3) and self-evaluation that is …

What are 5 warning signs of bulimia?

  • Episodes of binge eating.
  • Self-induced vomiting.
  • Smelling like vomit.
  • Misuse of laxatives and diuretics.
  • Complaining about body image.
  • Expressing guilt or shame about eating.
  • Depression.
  • Irritability.

What are 5 physical effects of bulimia?

  • anemia.
  • low blood pressure and irregular heart rate.
  • dry skin.
  • ulcers.
  • decreased electrolyte levels and dehydration.
  • esophageal ruptures from excessive vomiting.
  • gastrointestinal problems.
  • irregular periods.

What are four symptoms of bulimia?

  • Being preoccupied with your body shape and weight.
  • Living in fear of gaining weight.
  • Repeated episodes of eating abnormally large amounts of food in one sitting.
  • Feeling a loss of control during bingeing — like you can’t stop eating or can’t control what you eat.

What are the behavioral signs of bulimia nervosa?

  • Depression, anxiety.
  • Extreme fear of gaining weight.
  • Low self-esteem and dissatisfaction with one’s appearance.
  • Social withdrawal.
  • A lack of self-control.
  • Denial of binging, purging and other harmful behavior.

What is the most significant characteristic of a person with bulimia quizlet?

Terms in this set (15) What is the most insignificant characteristic of a person with bulimia? The person is close to her ideal body weight. Bulimia nervosa is more prevalent than anorexia nervosa in both women and men.

What characterizes the eating pattern of people with bulimia nervosa quizlet?

What characterizes the eating pattern of people with bulimia nervosa? Binge eating typically occurs after a period of strict dieting.

What are 4 characteristics of anorexia nervosa?

Frequently skipping meals or refusing to eat. Denial of hunger or making excuses for not eating. Eating only a few certain “safe” foods, usually those low in fat and calories. Adopting rigid meal or eating rituals, such as spitting food out after chewing.

When does bulimia nervosa typically begin?

We do know that bulimia nervosa typically begins in adolescence or early adulthood and that it is much more common in women than in men. Bulimia nervosa affects approximately 1-1.5% of young women.

What is bulimia face?

When a person has been engaging in self-induced vomiting regularly and they suddenly stop engaging in the behaviour, their salivary glands in front of their ears (cheeks) may begin to swell. This makes their cheeks look swollen.

What are the consequences of bulimia?

  • Dehydration.
  • Electrolyte imbalances.
  • Irregular heartbeat.
  • Heart failure.
  • Tooth decay.
  • Acid reflux.
  • Inflammation and rupture of esophagus.
  • Intestinal distress and irritation.

What are 3 physiological changes that occur with bulimia nervosa?

Physiological effects of bulimia nervosa on the gastrointestinal tract include dental caries and enamel erosion; enlargement of the parotid gland; esophagitis; changes in gastric capacity and gastric emptying; gastric necrosis; and alterations of the intestinal mucosa.

How does bulimia affect emotions?

Mental and Emotional Effects Such common effects include anxiety, depression, and obsessive-compulsive disorders. Further, individuals with bulimia are particularly at risk for substance abuse issues and even suicidal behavior.

Why does bulimia cause puffy face?

Puffy face People with bulimia nervosa may develop swollen parotid glands because of their repeated purging. These glands are just in front of the ears and may cause swelling in the face.

Which of the following is characteristic of the eating pattern of people with bulimia nervosa?

Bulimia nervosa can be defined as a pattern of eating characterized by: Consuming an unusually large amount of food in a short period of time (binge eating). Getting rid of the food (purging). Purging may involve making yourself throw up (vomiting) or taking laxatives.

How do you diagnose bulimia nervosa?

  1. Talk to you about your eating habits, weight-loss methods and physical symptoms.
  2. Do a physical exam.
  3. Request blood and urine tests.
  4. Request a test that can identify problems with your heart (electrocardiogram)
  5. Perform a psychological evaluation, including a discussion of your attitude toward your body and weight.

What can long term bulimia cause?

Other long-term consequences of bulimia include damage to the kidneys, increased risk of kidney stones and kidney failure, diabetes, high cholesterol, hormonal imbalances, fertility problems, chronic dehydration, chronic fatigue, and electrolyte imbalances.

What is the difference between anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa quizlet?

The main difference between diagnoses is that anorexia nervosa is a syndrome of self-starvation involving significant weight loss of 15 percent or more of ideal body weight, whereas patients with bulimia nervosa are, by definition, at normal weight or above.

Which of the following symptoms would indicate that a patient has binge eating disorder?

Eating rapidly during binge episodes. Eating until you’re uncomfortably full. Frequently eating alone or in secret. Feeling depressed, disgusted, ashamed, guilty or upset about your eating.

Which of the following are characteristics of anorexia nervosa quizlet?

Anorexia nervosa is a life-threatening eating disorder characterized by the client’s refusal or inability to maintain a minimally normal body weight, intense fear of gaining weight or becoming fat, significantly disturbed perception of the shape or size of the body, and steadfast inability or refusal to acknowledge the …

What is the primary distinction between bulimia nervosa and binge eating disorder quizlet Psych?

The most obvious difference is that people diagnosed with binge eating disorder do not force themselves to throw up (purge) the food they have just eaten. Alternately, people struggling with bulimia nervosa will eat and immediately empty the contents of their stomach.

Which of the following is characteristic of anorexia nervosa but not of bulimia nervosa?

However, unlike bulimia, anorexia nervosa is also characterized by the significant restriction of energy intake, leading to significantly low body weight for a person’s age, sex, and overall health.

What are warning signs that a person may be suffering from anorexia nervosa quizlet?

  • Rapid weight loss over several weeks or months.
  • Continuing to diet/limited eating even when thin or when weight is very low.
  • Having an unusual interest in food, calories, nutrition, or cooking.
  • Intense fear of gaining weight.
  • Strange eating habits or routines, such as eating in secret.

Which of the following is a common treatment for bulimia?

What Is the Treatment for Bulimia? The primary treatment for bulimia often combines psychotherapy, antidepressants, and nutritional counseling.

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