NCDs include Parkinson’s disease, autoimmune diseases, strokes, most heart diseases, most cancers, diabetes, chronic kidney disease, osteoarthritis, osteoporosis, Alzheimer’s disease, cataracts, and others. NCDs may be chronic or acute.
What non-communicable diseases can obesity cause?
obesity is associated with an elevated risk of several major non-communicable diseases, including type 2 diabetes, coronary heart disease, stroke, asthma, and several cancers.
What are 3 causes of non-communicable diseases?
NCDs share four major risk factors: tobacco use, physical inactivity, the harmful use of alcohol and unhealthy diets.
What are 5 noncommunicable diseases?
The main types of NCD are cardiovascular diseases (such as heart attacks and stroke), cancers, chronic respiratory diseases (such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and asthma) and diabetes.
What are 2 examples of noncommunicable disease?
Noncommunicable diseases (NCDs), such as heart disease, cancer, chronic respiratory disease, and diabetes, are the leading cause of death worldwide and represent an emerging global health threat. Deaths from NCDs now exceed all communicable disease deaths combined.
What are the 4 causes of non communicable diseases?
The main risk factors contributing to NCDs involve unhealthy diets, physical inactivity, tobacco use, and alcohol misuse. Hence, most of these diseases are preventable as they eventually progress in early life due to lifestyle aspects (3).
High blood pressure (hypertension). High LDL cholesterol, low HDL cholesterol, or high levels of triglycerides (dyslipidemia). Type 2 diabetes. Coronary heart disease.
What are 5 diseases that obesity is a risk factor?
- Heart disease and strokes.
- Type 2 diabetes.
- Certain cancers.
- Digestive problems.
- Sleep apnea.
- Severe COVID-19 symptoms.
Is obesity communicable or non-communicable?
Non-Communicable Diseases – Obesity.
What are the 4 types of communicable diseases?
Types and symptoms Four main types of pathogens cause infection: Viruses, bacteria, fungi, and protozoa.
What are 5 common communicable diseases?
Some examples of the reportable communicable diseases include Hepatitis A, B & C, influenza, measles, and salmonella and other food borne illnesses.
What are the 10 most common communicable diseases?
- Sexually Transmitted Disease.
- West Nile Virus.
What are the 20 non communicable diseases?
- chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)
- occupational lung diseases, such as black lung.
- pulmonary hypertension.
- cystic fibrosis.
What are the 7 types of non infectious diseases?
- Cardiovascular diseases. Cardiovascular diseases account for the most non-communicable disease deaths.
- Preventable cancers.
- Chronic respiratory diseases.
- Mental health conditions.
What are 7 communicable diseases?
- Chickenpox / Shingles.
- Ending the HIV Epidemic (EHE)
- Hepatitis B.
- Hepatitis C.
- HIV / AIDS.
- HIV / STDs / Hepatitis.
What is the most common non communicable disease?
Cardiovascular diseases account for most NCD deaths, or 17.9 million people annually, followed by cancers (9.0 million), respiratory diseases (3.9million), and diabetes (1.6 million), globally. These 4 groups of diseases account for over 80% of all premature NCD deaths.
What are non communicable diseases answer?
Solution : (a) Non communicable diseases are those which are not caused by any germ, therefore these diseases cannot spread from an infected person to a healthy person. These may be caused due to improper functioning of the body organs. Example : diabetes, heart attack, etc.
What are 6 risk factors of non communicable diseases?
Most noncommunicable diseases are the result of four particular behaviours (tobacco use, physical inactivity, unhealthy diet, and the harmful use of alcohol) that lead to four key metabolic/physiological changes (raised blood pressure, overweight/obesity, raised blood glucose and raised cholesterol).
What are the 2 main causes of communicable disease?
Bacteria. These one-cell organisms are responsible for illnesses such as strep throat, urinary tract infections and tuberculosis. Viruses. Even smaller than bacteria, viruses cause a multitude of diseases ranging from the common cold to AIDS.
What are 4 causes of obesity?
- Calories. The energy value of food is measured in units called calories.
- Poor diet. Obesity does not happen overnight.
- Lack of physical activity. Lack of physical activity is another important factor related to obesity.
- Medical reasons.
What is Obesity Class 6 short answer?
What is obesity? Ans: When a person eats too much fat-containing foods, then the fat gets deposited in his body and he may end up suffering from a condition called obesity.
What diseases make you gain weight?
- Hypothyroidism. 1/13.
- Depression. 2/13.
- Insomnia. 3/13.
- Menopause. 4/13.
- Cushing’s Disease. 5/13.
- Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome. 6/13.
- Congestive Heart Failure. 7/13.
- Sleep Apnea. 8/13.
What are two diseases of obesity?
Excess weight, especially obesity, diminishes almost every aspect of health, from reproductive and respiratory function to memory and mood. Obesity increases the risk of several debilitating, and deadly diseases, including diabetes, heart disease, and some cancers.
What are 4 health risks linked to obesity?
Cancers of the colon, breast (after menopause), endometrium (the lining of the uterus), kidney, and esophagus are linked to obesity. Some studies have also reported links between obesity and cancers of the gallbladder, ovaries, and pancreas.
What is class 3 obesity?
Class 1: BMI of 30 to