What are the 3 major ideas of the psychoanalytic perspective?

Psychoanalytic theory divides the psyche into three functions: the id—unconscious source of primitive sexual, dependency, and aggressive impulses; the superego—subconsciously interjects societal mores, setting standards to live by; and the ego—represents a sense of self and mediates between realities of the moment and …

What psychological perspectives is anorexia?

From a CBT perspective, anorexia nervosa results from rigid or extreme schemas, or cognitive patterns, which lead to dysfunctional behavior, misinterpretation of experiences, and extreme and/or negative thinking. “The eating-disordered belief system is based on lies that keep an individual stuck in the illness cycle.

How does the psychodynamic model explain the development of eating disorders?

In all of the psychodynamic theories, eating disorder symptoms are seen as expressions of a struggling inner self that uses the disordered eating and weight control behaviors as a way of communicating or expressing underlying issues.

What are the psychological dimensions of anorexia nervosa?

intense fear of gaining weight or ongoing behaviour that does not enable weight gain. obsessive concern and rules about dieting, body shape and weight. anxiety and irritability around meal times. depression and anxiety.

What are 3 physiological changes that occur with anorexia nervosa?

Common signs and symptoms include loss of subcutaneous fat tissue, orthostatic hypotension, bradycardia, impaired menstrual function, hair loss, and hypothermia.

What are some characteristics of psychological therapy for patients with anorexia nervosa?

The latter strongly suggests that in order for a relationship to be therapeutic it needs to be characterized by: empathy; positive regard and acceptance; warmth; commitment; trust; genuineness; and be non-judgemental.

What is food psychoanalytic theory?

The theory suggests that food consumption can result in both satisfaction and anxiety as the result of consumers’ dialectical relationship with food prescriptions.

How does the psychodynamic approach explain psychological disorders?

The psychodynamic theory views psychological disorders as a result of unconscious desires. The behavioral model is about the observable behaviors of the disorders. The cognitive approach seeks to change a person’s thoughts in order to treat abnormality.

How does Psychoanalytic psychodynamic explain behavior?

Psychodynamic theory is strongly determinist as it views our behavior as caused entirely by unconscious factors over which we have no control. Unconscious thoughts and feelings can transfer to the conscious mind in the form of parapraxes, popularly known as Freudian slips or slips of the tongue.

What is an example of psychoanalytic perspective?

When her husband gets home, he asks where the cake is and Jennifer realizes she forgot to get it. Based on the psychoanalytical/psychodynamic perspective, Jennifer would react to her forgetfulness in the same way that she used to react when her father would ask her to do something and she forgot to do it.

What are some examples of psychoanalytic theory?

  • A 20-year old, well-built and healthy, has a seemingly irrational fear of mice. The fear makes him tremble at the sight of a mouse or rat.
  • A lady finds it difficult to have a lasting relationship. She says she does not trust men.

What are the psychoanalytic perspectives?

The psychoanalytic approach focuses on the importance of the unconscious mind (not the conscious mind). In other words, psychoanalytic perspective dictates that behavior is determined by your past experiences that are left in the Unconscious Mind (people are unaware of them).

Is anorexia nervosa a psychological disorder?

There are three main types of eating disorders: anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa and binge eating disorder. Eating disorders often co-occur with other psychiatric disorders most commonly mood and anxiety disorders, obsessive compulsive disorder and alcohol and drug abuse problems.

What personality factors are associated with anorexia?

People who suffer from anorexia nervosa tend to have high levels of harm avoidance, a personality trait characterized by worrying, pessimism, and shyness, and low levels of novelty seeking, which includes impulsivity and preferring new or novel things (Fassino et al., 2002).

What is physiological anorexia?

The physiologic anorexia of aging puts older persons at high risk for developing protein-energy malnutrition when they develop either psychologic or physical disease processes.

What other disorders physiological or psychological may occur with anorexia nervosa?

In addition to the host of physical complications, people with anorexia also commonly have other mental health disorders as well. They may include: Depression, anxiety and other mood disorders. Personality disorders.

What are 4 characteristics of anorexia nervosa?

Anorexia nervosa is characterized by emaciation, a relentless pursuit of thinness and unwillingness to maintain a normal or healthy weight, a distortion of body image and intense fear of gaining weight, a lack of menstruation among girls and women, and extremely disturbed eating behavior.

What are the 2 main causes of anorexia?

A person with anorexia is more likely to come from a family with a history of certain health problems. These include weight problems, physical illness, and mental health problems. Mental health problems may include depression and substance abuse.

What is the best kind of psychotherapy for patients with anorexia nervosa?

However, many people with anorexia do see an improvement with therapy. CBT and IPT are the most established treatments for binge eating disorder and bulimia nervosa. FBT is the most established type of therapy for children and adolescents with anorexia nervosa, and may also be beneficial for those with bulimia nervosa.

What does psychology have to do with eating disorders?

Neurologically, an eating disorder likely involves abnormal activity distributed across multiple neural systems. Among identified psychological factors are low self-esteem, feelings of inadequacy and lack of control in life, depression, anxiety, anger, and loneliness.

What is most important when first treating a patient for anorexia nervosa?

Restoring a healthy weight The first goal of treatment is getting back to a healthy weight. You can’t recover from anorexia without returning to a healthy weight and learning proper nutrition.

What is the main goal of psychoanalytic theory?

The primary assumption of psychoanalysis is the belief that all people possess unconscious thoughts, feelings, desires, and memories. The aim of psychoanalysis therapy is to release repressed emotions and experiences, i.e., make the unconscious conscious.

What is psychoanalytic theory simple definition?

Psychoanalytic theory is a method of investigating and treating personality disorders that is commonly used in psychotherapy. Included in this theory is the idea that things that happen to people during childhood can contribute to the way they later function as adults.

What is Freud’s psychoanalytic theory?

Psychoanalysis was founded by Sigmund Freud. Freud believed that people could be cured by making their unconscious. a conscious thought and motivations, and by that gaining “insight”. The aim of psychoanalysis therapy is to release repressed emotions and experiences, i.e. make the unconscious conscious.

What is psychoanalytic perspective of abnormality?

Psychoanalytic Approach This perspective has its roots in the theories of Sigmund Freud. 2 The psychoanalytic approach suggests that many abnormal behaviors stem from unconscious thoughts, desires, and memories. While these feelings are outside of awareness, they are still believed to influence conscious actions.

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