What are the long term side effects of Zoloft?

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  • Weight gain.
  • Sexual dysfunction.
  • Memory loss.
  • Cognitive impairment.

Can Zoloft cause anorexia?

Common side effects of Zoloft include: diarrhea, dizziness, drowsiness, dyspepsia, fatigue, insomnia, loose stools, nausea, tremor, headache, paresthesia, anorexia, decreased libido, delayed ejaculation, diaphoresis, ejaculation failure, and xerostomia.

What is the best antidepressant for anorexia?

Prozac (fluoxetine) is an SRI and has proven to support treatment for people with anorexia and depression. Cyproheptadine – Is an antihistamine that stimulates appetite and may help relieve depression associated with appetite loss and improve appetite for people with anorexia.

What class of medication is best for anorexia nervosa?

ANOREXIA: Fluoxetine (Prozac) may help people with anorexia nervosa overcome their depression and maintain a healthy weight once they have gotten their weight and eating under control. Fluoxetine is in a class of drugs called selective serotonin uptake inhibitors (SSRIs).

Can antidepressants be used for anorexia?

There is no medication that specifically treats anorexia. But doctors do sometimes prescribe certain antidepressants or other types of medicines to help some of the symptoms sometimes associated with anorexia, such as depression or anxiety.

What role does serotonin play in anorexia?

Researchers found that people who are currently suffering from anorexia have significantly lower levels of serotonin metabolites in their cerebrospinal fluid than individuals without an eating disorder. This is likely a sign of starvation, since the body synthesizes serotonin from the food we eat.

Does Zoloft treat anorexia?

The SSRI Sertraline (Zoloft) is also helpful in reducing perfectionist tendencies which are also common in those with eating disorders, particularly anorexia nervosa [5].

Does Zoloft suppress appetite?

As with all medications, Zoloft may cause certain unwanted side effects. 1 The most commonly experienced in those taking Zoloft include: Decreased appetite.

What is the most common medication for anorexia?

Medications. No medications are approved to treat anorexia because none has been found to work very well. However, antidepressants or other psychiatric medications can help treat other mental health disorders you may also have, such as depression or anxiety.

What medication can be used to increase appetite in an anorexic patient?

Megestrol acetate Megestrol is a progesterone based medication that doctors can prescribe to boost appetite in people with anorexia, cancer, HIV, or AIDS.

Does Zoloft cause weight gain?

For some people who take an SSRI such as Prozac (fluoxetine) or Zoloft (sertraline), one of these possible side effects is weight gain. Research suggests that the amount of weight typically gained while on an SSRI is modest.

What do blood tests show for anorexia?

  • Blood sugar levels.
  • Electrolyte levels, to determine the presence and severity of dehydration, especially if someone is purging.
  • Liver and kidney functioning.
  • Chemicals in the urine.
  • Electrocardiogram (ECG), which ensures the heart is beating properly.

What is a biological treatment for anorexia nervosa?

Serotonin–Norepinephrine Reuptake Inhibitors and Norepinephrine Reuptake Inhibitors.

What vitamins help with anorexia?

  • Carnitine (L-Carnitine)
  • Dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA)
  • Docosahexaenoic Acid (DHA)
  • Eicosapentaenoic Acid (EPA)
  • Flaxseed.
  • Melatonin.
  • Omega-3 Fatty Acids.
  • Omega-6 Fatty Acids.

What is the prognosis for anorexia nervosa?

The prognosis of anorexia nervosa is guarded. Morbidity rates range from 10-20%, with only 50% of patients making a complete recovery. Of the remaining 50%, 20% remain emaciated and 25% remain thin. The remaining 10% become overweight or die of starvation.

How does Zoloft treat bulimia?

The imbalance of serotonin levels in the body can increase urges to binge and purge in women and men who have bulimia, and antidepressant medications can decrease these urges by effectively balancing the levels of neurotransmitters in the brain.

Which eating disorder is most likely to be helped by antidepressant medications?

A primary goal of treatment for bulimia nervosa is stopping the bingeing and purging. Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRI antidepressants) are the most studied medication for the treatment of bulimia nervosa and are generally well-tolerated by patients.

What is the crucial first step of recovery anorexia nervosa?

Refeeding is the first step in long-term nutritional rehabilitation of patients with anorexia nervosa (AN). It may begin in the outpatient setting or in the hospital, if close medical and/or psychiatric monitoring is needed. In either case, early weight gain appears to be crucial for recovery.

Does low serotonin cause eating disorders?

Alterations in brain serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine [5-HT]) function are thought to contribute to diverse aspects of eating disorders, including binge eating, perfectionism, impulsivity and mood-regulation problems.

What happens to your brain when you have anorexia?

Parts of the brain undergo structural changes and abnormal activity during anorexic states. Reduced heart rate, which could deprive the brain of oxygen. Nerve-related conditions including seizures, disordered thinking, and numbness or odd nerve sensations in the hands or feet.

What neurotransmitter is associated with anorexia?

Patients with anorexia nervosa (AN) show extreme dieting weight loss, hyperactivity, depression/anxiety, self-control, and behavioral impulsivity. 5-Hydroxytryptamine (5-HT; serotonin) is involved in almost all the behavioral changes observed in AN patients.

What is the refeeding syndrome?

Refeeding syndrome can be defined as the potentially fatal shifts in fluids and electrolytes that may occur in malnourished patients receiving artificial refeeding (whether enterally or parenterally5). These shifts result from hormonal and metabolic changes and may cause serious clinical complications.

Which is a characteristic of an individual who suffers from anorexia nervosa?

Frequently skipping meals or refusing to eat. Denial of hunger or making excuses for not eating. Eating only a few certain “safe” foods, usually those low in fat and calories. Adopting rigid meal or eating rituals, such as spitting food out after chewing.

Does Zoloft slow down metabolism?

Currently, there doesn’t appear to be any evidence to show that sertraline has a negative effect on your metabolism.

Does sertraline cause weight loss?

Antipsychotic drugs, antidepressants , and mood stabilizers are common drugs that have the most potential to increase weight gain. All 12 of the leading antidepressants, including fluoxetine (Prozac), sertraline (Zoloft), and escitalopram (Lexapro), make gaining weight more likely.

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