It can increase your risk of fractures, breaks, and other injuries. Your organs also can sustain damage due to a lack of nutrients. Without treatment, the female athlete triad can cause long-term health problems. When combined with a low body weight, it can even lead to death.
Why is the female athlete triad so harmful to females long-term?
The female athlete triad (the triad) is an interrelationship of menstrual dysfunction, low energy availability (with or without an eating disorder), and decreased bone mineral density; it is relatively common among young women participating in sports.
How does the female athlete triad affect performance?
The female athlete triad was recognized in 1992 and is defined as a spectrum disorder of three interrelated components: (1) low energy availability due to disordered eating, eating disorder, or lack of nutrition relative to caloric expenditure; (2) menstrual dysfunction; and (3) low bone mineral density (BMD).
How do you recover from female athlete triad?
Occasionally, a female athlete who focuses on being thin or lightweight may eat too little or exercise too much. Doing this can cause long-term damage to health, or even death. It can also hurt athletic performance or make it necessary to limit or stop exercise.
How can you tell a female athlete triad?
- A decrease in performance.
- Longer recovery after activity.
- An increase in injuries, especially stress fractures.
- Loss of muscle.
- Absent or abnormal periods.
- Increased depression and irritability.
- Decreased concentration and coordination.
How do you know if you have female athlete triad?
The optimal treatment for the triad needs to address the low energy availability or nutritional status of the athlete . Nutritional counseling and increased diet and meal plan to restore normalization of body weight is essential for resumption of menses and improved bone health.
Is female athlete triad an eating disorder?
A doctor might think it’s female athlete triad if a girl has period problems, stress fractures, overuse injuries, weight loss, or a low BMI. At yearly checkups or sports physicals, female athletes might be asked to fill out a questionnaire. The answers can help doctors find girls who may get the triad.
Why do female athletes stop having periods?
Article Sections. The female athlete triad is defined as the combination of disordered eating, amenorrhea and osteoporosis. This disorder often goes unrecognized. The consequences of lost bone mineral density can be devastating for the female athlete.
What is female athlete triad explain briefly?
Amenorrhoea is the absence of menstrual periods. Women who are elite athletes or who exercise excessively on a regular basis are at risk of developing athletic amenorrhoea. Causes are thought to include low levels of body fat and the effects of exercise-related hormones on the menstrual cycle.
Why do female athletes have eating disorders?
By definition, the female athlete triad is described as a syndrome of three interrelated conditions which include low energy availability (with or without disordered eating), menstrual dysfunction, and low body mass index.
Which Chronic disease is the most likely consequence of the female athlete triad?
Three risk factors are thought to particularly contribute to a female athlete’s vulnerability to developing an eating disorder: social influences emphasizing thinness, performance anxiety, and negative self-appraisal of athletic achievement.
What is the body fat of female athletes?
The body fat percentage of an active athlete is often lower than the average person. Typically, male athletes will have between 6-13% body fat, and female athletes will have 14-20% body fat.
What is red-s syndrome?
The triad may increase the risk of cardiovascular disease. However, the strongest evidence in regard to health consequences of the female athlete triad is related to stress fractures. The most common site for stress fractures in females is the tibia, accounting for 25–63% of all stress fractures.
How many calories should a woman athlete consume?
Relative energy deficiency in sport (RED-S) describes a syndrome of poor health and declining athletic performance that happens when athletes do not get enough fuel through food to support the energy demands of their daily lives and training. RED-S can and does affect athletes of any gender and ability level.
What is orthorexia?
Most female athletes need a minimum of 2,000 to 2,400 calories per day. Not only will this prevent menstrual problems and weak bones, it will help the athlete perform better! If an athlete develops menstrual problems, she needs to see a doctor.
How long does it take for amenorrhea to affect bone density?
Orthorexia is an unhealthy focus on eating in a healthy way. Eating nutritious food is good, but if you have orthorexia, you obsess about it to a degree that can damage your overall well-being.
What year did female athlete triad become apparent?
Untreated hypothalamic amenorrhea is associated with progressive bone loss during the first 5 yr of amenorrhea, after which the rate of bone loss may significantly decline, as demonstrated by Biller et al.
Why are athletes so tired?
However, even though this triad was first described at the 1993 meeting of the American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM), [3, 4] associations between bone mineral density (BMD), stress fractures, eating disorders, and female athletics had been observed for decades before the syndrome was formally named.
What is amenorrhea in female athlete triad?
The most common non-medical causes of tiredness in the athlete are inappropriate training plan, poor sleep, lifestyle stressors, inadequate macronutrient intake and suboptimal hydration. Review of the training history, sleep habits and nutrition may reveal factors contributing to tiredness.
Why does bone density affect female athletes?
Amenorrhea means that you stop having your period for 3 months or longer. If you haven’t had your first period by age 16, this is also considered amenorrhea. Check with your doctor to find out what’s going on. Not having your period is a sign that something is wrong with your hormone balance (or you’re pregnant!).
What do you call a female athlete?
A decrease in density causes the bone to become more fragile, making the athlete more prone to fractures. This may affect female sport participation as high intensity and contact sports can cause the female athlete to suffer fractures.
Which condition is a life threatening eating disorder?
Of the 14 categories of Winter Olympic sports that have competitions for female athletes, eight use the moniker “ladies,” including skiing, snowboarding, and speed skating, while six use the term “women,” including bobsledding, curling, and ice hockey.
Does amenorrhea cause bone loss?
Anorexia (an-o-REK-see-uh) nervosa — often simply called anorexia — is a potentially life-threatening eating disorder characterized by an abnormally low body weight, intense fear of gaining weight, and a distorted perception of weight or shape.
How do female swimmers deal with periods?
Amenorrhea may herald the onset of estrogen deficiency, which can adversely affect peak bone mass and ultimate risk of osteoporosis.
What do gymnasts do when they have their period?
Use a tampon, sponge, or cup while swimming If you can’t or don’t want to use a tampon or alternative product like a sponge or menstrual cup, you have a few options. If your flow is light, you can wear absorbent swimwear or a dark-colored suit to prevent stains.