Eating disorders are behavioral conditions characterized by severe and persistent disturbance in eating behaviors and associated distressing thoughts and emotions. They can be very serious conditions affecting physical, psychological and social function.
What criteria is used to diagnose anorexia nervosa?
The three criteria for anorexia nervosa under the DSM-5 include: Restriction of calorie consumption leading to weight loss or a failure to gain weight resulting in a significantly low body weight based on that person’s age, sex, height and stage of growth. Intense fear of gaining weight or becoming “fat.”
What does the DSM-5 say about eating disorders?
According to the DSM-5, the category of other specified feeding or eating disorder (OSFED) is applicable to individuals who are experiencing significant distress due to symptoms that are similar to disorders such as anorexia, bulimia, and binge-eating disorder, but who do not meet the full criteria for a diagnosis of …
Which of the following is a diagnostic criterion for anorexia nervosa in DSM IV TR?
Refusal to maintain body weight at or above a minimally normal weight for age and height (eg, weight loss or failure to gain weight that leads to a body weight less than 85 percent of that expected for age and height). Intense fear of gaining weight or becoming fat, even though underweight.
What are the two specifiers for anorexia nervosa?
The DSM-5 includes severity specifiers (i.e., mild, moderate, severe, extreme) for anorexia nervosa (AN), bulimia nervosa (BN), and binge-eating disorder (BED), which are determined by weight status (AN) and frequencies of binge-eating episodes (BED) or inappropriate compensatory behaviors (BN).
What are 4 characteristics of anorexia nervosa?
Frequently skipping meals or refusing to eat. Denial of hunger or making excuses for not eating. Eating only a few certain “safe” foods, usually those low in fat and calories. Adopting rigid meal or eating rituals, such as spitting food out after chewing.
What is a defining characteristic of anorexia nervosa?
Anorexia Nervosa is characterized by the National Institute of Mental Illness as individuals that have “a significant and persistent reduction in food intake leading to extremely low body weight; a relentless pursuit of thinness; a distortion of body image and intense fear of gaining weight; and extremely disturbed …
Which is the DSM-5 eating disorder that was most recently added as a diagnosis?
Binge Eating Disorder (BED) is now an actual eating disorder diagnosis in the DSM-5 which was released by the American Psychiatric Association in May 2013. DSM stands for Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders.
What is the classification of anorexia?
In the DSM-IV, anorexia nervosa is further classified into restrictive and binge-eating/purging subtypes according to the presence of bingeing and purging behaviours.
Which of the following requirements did DSM-5 Remove from the anorexia nervosa diagnostic criteria?
The main change in the diagnosis of Anorexia Nervosa was to remove the criterion of amenorrhea (loss of menstrual cycle). Removing this criterion means that boys and men with Anorexia will finally be able to receive an appropriate diagnosis.
What does the DSM-5 stand for?
The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition, Text Revision (DSM-5-TR) features the most current text updates based on scientific literature with contributions from more than 200 subject matter experts.
What BMI would a patient need to have in order to be diagnosed with anorexia nervosa according to the DSM-5?
Severity is based on body mass index (BMI) derived from World Health Organization categories for thinness in adults; corresponding percentiles should be used for children and adolescents: Mild: BMI greater than or equal to 17 kg/m2, Moderate: BMI 16–16.99 kg/m2, Severe: BMI 15–15.99 kg/m2, Extreme: BMI less than 15 kg/ …
What does the diagnostic criteria for bulimia nervosa include?
Bulimia Diagnosic Criteria Use of inappropriate behaviors (also known as “compensatory behaviors”) to avoid weight gain or to compensate for the binge eating. These include self-induced vomiting (likely the best-known of bulimia behaviors), the misuse of laxatives, diuretics and/or enemas, and excessive exercise.
What is the diagnostic code for anorexia?
ICD-10 code F50. 0 for Anorexia nervosa is a medical classification as listed by WHO under the range – Mental, Behavioral and Neurodevelopmental disorders .
How do you code anorexia nervosa?
0 Anorexia nervosa. A disorder characterized by deliberate weight loss, induced and sustained by the patient.
Which criterion is not required for a diagnosis of anorexia nervosa quizlet?
All of these features are required for a diagnosis of anorexia nervosa EXCEPT: intense fear of gaining weight and being fat.
What are 3 characteristics of anorexia?
- Low body mass index (<17.5 kg/m2)
- Bodyweight less than 85 percent of ideal body weight.
- Body temperature less than 35-degree Celcius.
- Bradycardia (heartbeat less than 60 beats per minute)
- Hypotension (BP of less than 90/50 mm Hg)
- Dry, scaly skin.
What is the main difference between anorexia and anorexia nervosa?
“Anorexia” describes a simple inability or aversion to eating, whether caused by a medical problem or a mental health issue. “Anorexia nervosa,” however, is the name for the clinical eating disorder, the main symptom of which is self-starvation.
Which personality trait is consistent with a diagnosis of anorexia nervosa?
Individuals with anorexia nervosa are known to have high levels of harm avoidance, a personality trait that is characterized by worry, pessimistic thinking, doubt, and shyness.
What is the main characteristic of anorexia nervosa quizlet?
Anorexia nervosa is a life-threatening eating disorder characterized by the client’s refusal or inability to maintain a minimally normal body weight, intense fear of gaining weight or becoming fat, significantly disturbed perception of the shape or size of the body, and steadfast inability or refusal to acknowledge the …
What happens to the body in anorexia nervosa?
Untreated, anorexia nervosa can lead to: Damaged organs, especially the heart, brain, and kidneys. Drop in blood pressure, pulse, and breathing rates. Loss of hair.
What is the defining characteristic of anorexia nervosa quizlet?
A defining characteristic of anorexia nervosa is an uncontrollable binge-purge pattern.
Which of the following diagnoses is new to the DSM-5?
Excoriation (skin-picking) disorder is newly added to DSM-5, with strong evidence for its diagnostic validity and clinical utility. DSM-IV included a specifier “with obsessive-compulsive symptoms” in the diagnoses of anxiety disor- ders due to a general medical condition and substance-induced anxiety disorders.
What is atypical anorexia nervosa?
It’s called atypical anorexia nervosa. The patient, usually a young woman, has all the symptoms of anorexia except that she’s not underweight. The atypical anorexia patient is usually someone who has historically been overweight. Obsessed with getting thinner, she has been dieting and exercising excessively.
Is amenorrhea a criteria for anorexia?
Objective: Amenorrhea is a DSM-IV criterion for the diagnosis of anorexia nervosa (AN). Several studies have reported few differences between patients who meet the full DSM-IV criteria for AN and those who meet all but the amenorrhea criterion.