What does anorexia mean in medical terms?

Listen to pronunciation. (a-nuh-REK-see-uh) An abnormal loss of the appetite for food. Anorexia can be caused by cancer, AIDS, a mental disorder (i.e., anorexia nervosa), or other diseases.

What are the medical complications of anorexia?

  • Anemia.
  • Heart problems, such as mitral valve prolapse, abnormal heart rhythms or heart failure.
  • Bone loss (osteoporosis), increasing the risk of fractures.
  • Loss of muscle.
  • In females, absence of a period.
  • In males, decreased testosterone.
  • Gastrointestinal problems, such as constipation, bloating or nausea.

What is the most common medical complication of anorexia?

Cardiac. Bradycardia (pulse

Which is the most serious health risk from anorexia nervosa?

The most serious risk of anorexia is death. In fact, about 10% of people with anorexia will die because of their eating disorder [2]. Like we said, anorexia is one of the deadliest mental illnesses. People with anorexia who have died tend to pass away due to starvation, heart problems, or suicide [2].

What are 4 risks factors associated with anorexia nervosa?

These include a family history of anorexia nervosa,1-3 obesity,4 eating and weight concerns,5 affective disorder,1,6-12 substance abuse,9-11,13 and obsessive-compulsive disorder11,12,14; a history of exposure to adverse events and circumstances15-18; and the presence of certain traits such as perfectionism, …

What are three 3 cardiovascular complications with anorexia?

Results: A number of cardiac abnormalities associated with anorexia nervosa have been described in the literature, including pericardial and valvular pathology, changes in left ventricular mass and function, conduction abnormalities, bradycardia, hypotension, and dysregulation in peripheral vascular contractility.

Which medical complication is possible with the diagnosis of anorexia nervosa?

Anorexia nervosa is associated with numerous general medical complications that are directly attributable to weight loss and malnutrition [1,2]. The complications affect most major organ systems and often include physiologic disturbances such as hypotension, bradycardia, hypothermia, and amenorrhea.

When does anorexia become serious?

The disorder is diagnosed when a person weighs at least 15% less than their normal/ideal body weight. Extreme weight loss in people with anorexia nervosa can lead to dangerous health problems and even death.

Can severe anorexia cause brain damage?

Neurological Problems In severe cases, the long-term health risks of anorexia may result in suffering nerve damage that affects the brain and other parts of the body. As a result, these nervous system conditions can include: Seizures. Disordered thinking.

What other diseases can anorexia cause?

Anorexia is associated with bone health issues. This can include osteopenia, fractures, osteoporosis, and more. The longer a person lives with anorexia, the more severe these problems will be. Additionally, some bone loss stemming from anorexia can be irreversible.

What are three long term effects of anorexia?

  • Bone weakening (osteoporosis).
  • Anemia.
  • Seizures.
  • Thyroid problems.
  • Lack of vitamins and minerals.
  • Low potassium levels in the blood.
  • Decrease in white blood cells.
  • Amenorrhea (absence of menstruation in females).

What is the life expectancy for anorexia?

5-10% of anorexics die within 10 years after contracting the disease and 18-20% of anorexics will be dead after 20 years. Anorexia nervosa has the highest death rate of any psychiatric illness (including major depression).

Why do anorexics have heart attacks?

While binging and purging most severely affects the digestive system, putting you at risk for gastric rupture, inflammation from frequent vomiting and irregular bowel movements, it also creates an imbalance of electrolytes in the body that can cause an irregular heartbeat or heart failure.

What is the main difference between anorexia and anorexia nervosa?

“Anorexia” describes a simple inability or aversion to eating, whether caused by a medical problem or a mental health issue. “Anorexia nervosa,” however, is the name for the clinical eating disorder, the main symptom of which is self-starvation.

Why do people become anorexic?

The causes that may contribute to a person developing anorexia nervosa include: Psychological factors, such as a high level of perfectionism or obsessive-compulsive personality traits, feeling limited control in life and low self-esteem, a tendency towards depression and anxiety and a poor reaction to stress.

How does anorexia affect the kidneys?

Anorexia nervosa can affect the kidney in numerous ways, including increased rates of acute kidney injury and chronic kidney disease, electrolyte abnormalities, and nephrolithiasis.

Can anorexia mess up your digestive system?

Stomach Problems in Anorexia Nervosa Common physical effects include gas, bloating, diarrhea, nausea, constipation, acid reflux, frequent bowl movements, indigestion.

Can anorexia cause lung problems?

Conclusions. Persistent structural changes to the lungs are seldom, but severe complications of malnutrition in anorexia nervosa patients. Its multifactorial etiology makes it difficult to treat successfully, and it affects the patient’s quality of life significantly.

How does anorexia affect blood pressure?

OH is common in people suffering from anorexia because inadequate food and fluid intake can lead to dehydration which in turn, can cause low blood pressure.

Can anorexia cause anemia?

Anorexia Nervosa and Anemia 21 to 39% of those that struggle with anorexia nervosa are diagnosed with anemia [4]. This relationship is attributed to the nutritional deficiencies that result due to food and fluid restriction.

Does anorexia cause muscle loss?

Eating Disorders and the Effects on Muscle Mass Muscle health can also take a hit. Malnourishment can also lead someone to lose muscle mass [4]. This can cause the heart to shrink, resulting in heart failure. This is one of the most common reasons that people die from anorexia [4].

At what weight do you get hospitalized for anorexia?

One Place for Treatment Admission criteria require that patients be less than 70 percent of their ideal body weight, or have a body mass index (BMI) below 15. In a woman who is 5 feet 4 inches tall, that’s about 85 pounds.

Can you be hospitalized for not eating?

Hospitalization for eating disorders Hospitalization may be necessary if you have serious physical or mental health problems or if you have anorexia and are unable to eat or gain weight. Severe or life-threatening physical health problems that occur with anorexia can be a medical emergency.

At what BMI are you hospitalized?

for hospitalization: BMI

What does starving yourself do to your brain?

Restricted eating, malnourishment, and excessive weight loss can lead to changes in our brain chemistry, resulting in increased symptoms of depression and anxiety (Centre for Clinical Interventions, 2018b). These changes in brain chemistry and poor mental health outcomes skew reality.

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