According to this view, people use social comparison in a simple, straight- forward fashion: if they are better off than similar others (downward social comparison), they feel satisfied, if they are worse off than similar others (upward social comparison), they feel dissatisfied.
Which of the following is one way in which stereotype threat interferes with performance quizlet?
Stereotype threat interferes with test performance by causing anxiety. Women who do not believe men score better on standardized math tests score just as well as men. Women who believe men score better on standardized math tests do, in fact, score lower than men.
Who is most likely to respond to a stressor with tend and befriend response?
Women are more likely to respond to stress through tending and befriending than men. Paralleling this behavioral sex difference, estrogen enhances the effects of oxytocin, whereas androgens inhibit oxytocin release.
Which of the following best describes the relationship between schemas and stereotypes quizlet?
Which of the following best describes the relationship between schemas and stereotypes? Stereotypes are a type of schema based on an individual’s group membership.
Upward, Downward, and Horizontal Social Comparisons: Effects on Adjustment, Emotions, and Persistence in Teachers.
What are some potential benefits of holding positive illusions about the self?
Potential Benefits: People who hold positive illusions about themselves have healthier coping mechanisms in stressful situations. Westerners who hold positive illusions about themselves are more likely to have enhanced well-being.
Which of the following best describes the relationship between general intelligence and working memory quizlet?
Which of the following best describes the relationship between general intelligence and working memory? General intelligence is strongly correlated with simple tests of memory.
Which of the following can be used to measure reliability for a composite variable?
Cronbach’s alpha (α) is a straightforward calculation that measures a specific kind of reliability for a composite variable; that is, a variable that averages a set of items (typically from a survey) to measure some concept.
Therefore, schema theory can explain the formation of stereotypes by arguing that we naturally categorize people into groups and we make generalizations about the characteristics of those groups so that it makes it less cognitively demanding (easier) think about the individuals we meet on a daily basis.
Are happy people more likely to express anger?
1. One of the most consistent findings of psychological research is that happy people are also a. more likely to express anger.
What is tend befriend examples?
For example, a woman who feels threatened at work might reach out to her husband or attempt to develop deeper friendships with her co-workers. A child who is bullied at school might ask for help from his teacher or parents. There is evidence that tend and befriend also has an instinctive basis.
Why are females more stressed than males?
Women suffer more stress than men because their response to stress is different. Women have a completely different hormonal system, which as a result causes them to react more emotionally and become more exhausted on an emotional level.
Which of the following is true about the relationship between perceived discrepancy and the experience of stress?
Which of the following is true about the relationship between perceived discrepancy and the experience of stress? Efforts at coping are done to reduce perceived discrepancies.
Which of the following provides the best support for the idea that Westernized lifestyles can have negative?
Which of the following provides the best support for the idea that Westernized lifestyles can have negative long-term health consequences? Eating junk food and engaging in less physical activity dramatically increased diabetes in India.
Which of the following does not increase the likelihood that an attitude predicts behavior?
Which of the following does NOT increase the likelihood that an attitude predicts behavior? cognitive dissonance. According to the elaboration likelihood model, persuasion occurs through the __________ routes. Dr.
social comparisons are when we compare our abilities/opinions to someone similar to us. We use social comparisons to reduce uncertainty about our opinions/abilities and know where we stand relative to those we are comparing ourselves to.
For example, a music student might compare herself to the star student of the class. If she finds that her abilities do not measure up to her peer’s talents, she might be driven to achieve more and improve her abilities.
What are the 3 motives for self knowledge?
There are three primary motives that lead us in the search for self-knowledge: Self-enhancement. Accuracy. Consistency.
What are the 3 positive illusions?
Positive illusions are a form of self-deception or self-enhancement that feel good; maintain self-esteem; or avoid discomfort, at least in the short term. There are three general forms: inflated assessment of one’s own abilities, unrealistic optimism about the future, and an illusion of control.
How does reciprocal determinism propose that a woman’s behavior personality and environment will interact to determine how she behaves at a party?
How does reciprocal determinism propose that a woman’s behavior, personality, and environment will interact to determine how she behaves at a party? Her person factors will affect her behavior. The party’s atmosphere will affect her behavior.
What is the term for a cognitive shortcut that enables us to make decisions rapidly multiple choice question?
Heuristics is the process by which humans use mental short cuts to arrive at decisions. Heuristics are simple strategies that humans, animals, organizations, and even machines use to quickly form judgments, make decisions, and find solutions to complex problems.
What is the relationship between intelligence and achievement quizlet?
What is the relationship between intelligence and achievement? Intelligence forms the basis for achievement. Define intelligence. the abilities to learn from experience, to think rationally, and to deal effectively with others.
What is the main concept of general intelligence theory?
The Theory of General Intelligence proposes that there is only one intelligence, measured by a single ‘g factor’ that underlies performance in all cognitive domains. Performance in different cognitive tasks are interrelated, all hinging on the single ‘g factor’.
Which of the following best describes emotional intelligence?
Which of the following best defines emotional intelligence? It is the ability to recognize and manage emotion in oneself and in others.
What is composite reliability used for?
Composite reliability is a new fashion to measure scale reliability overall and preferred with CFA. On the other hand Cronbach alpha is average measure of internal consistency and item reliability and preferred when EFA is used for factor extraction.