What happens to your body during starvation?

Metabolism slows, the body cannot regulate its temperature, kidney function is impaired and the immune system weakens. When the body uses its reserves to provide basic energy needs, it can no longer supply necessary nutrients to vital organs and tissues. The heart, lungs, ovaries and testes shrink.

What are 2 major complications from anorexia nervosa?

  • Anemia.
  • Heart problems, such as mitral valve prolapse, abnormal heart rhythms or heart failure.
  • Bone loss (osteoporosis), increasing the risk of fractures.
  • Loss of muscle.
  • In females, absence of a period.
  • In males, decreased testosterone.
  • Gastrointestinal problems, such as constipation, bloating or nausea.

What are the 2 main causes of anorexia?

A person with anorexia is more likely to come from a family with a history of certain health problems. These include weight problems, physical illness, and mental health problems. Mental health problems may include depression and substance abuse.

What are 4 risks factors associated with anorexia nervosa?

These include a family history of anorexia nervosa,1-3 obesity,4 eating and weight concerns,5 affective disorder,1,6-12 substance abuse,9-11,13 and obsessive-compulsive disorder11,12,14; a history of exposure to adverse events and circumstances15-18; and the presence of certain traits such as perfectionism, …

What are some common side effects of starvation syndrome?

  • • Feeling cold all the time. • Fluid retention (edema) • Dizziness and blackouts.
  • lack of sexual desire and other changes.
  • Emotional Changes.
  • • Depression. • Anxiety.
  • Changes in Thinking.
  • • Impaired concentration, judgement and decision-
  • making.
  • • Impaired comprehension. • Increased rigidity and obsessional thinking.

What happens to the body in anorexia nervosa?

Untreated, anorexia nervosa can lead to: Damaged organs, especially the heart, brain, and kidneys. Drop in blood pressure, pulse, and breathing rates. Loss of hair.

What are the 5 symptoms of anorexia?

  • You don’t eat enough, so you’re underweight.
  • Your self-esteem is based on the way your body looks.
  • You are obsessed with and terrified of gaining weight.
  • It’s hard for you to sleep through the night.
  • Dizziness or fainting.
  • Your hair is falling out.
  • You no longer get your period.
  • Constipation.

Who does anorexia mainly affect?

Anorexia is more common among girls and women than boys and men. Anorexia is also more common among girls and younger women than older women. On average, girls develop anorexia at 16 or 17. Teen girls between 13 and 19 and young women in their early 20s are most at risk.

Which is the most serious health risk resulting from anorexia nervosa?

Typically, heart disease is the major cause of death in people with severe anorexia nervosa. One of the most common negative effects of anorexia is Bradycardia.

Which is a characteristic of an individual who suffers from anorexia nervosa?

Anorexia Nervosa is characterized by the National Institute of Mental Illness as individuals that have “a significant and persistent reduction in food intake leading to extremely low body weight; a relentless pursuit of thinness; a distortion of body image and intense fear of gaining weight; and extremely disturbed …

What is the main difference between anorexia and anorexia nervosa?

“Anorexia” describes a simple inability or aversion to eating, whether caused by a medical problem or a mental health issue. “Anorexia nervosa,” however, is the name for the clinical eating disorder, the main symptom of which is self-starvation.

What are 3 effects of starvation?

  • faintness.
  • dizziness.
  • blood pressure drop.
  • slowing heart rate.
  • hypotension.
  • weakness.
  • dehydration.
  • thyroid malfunction.

What are symptoms of starvation mode?

  • Lethargy. When you are not eating enough on a starvation diet, you are likely to always feel tired; sometimes 24 hours a day.
  • Hair Loss.
  • You Are Constantly Sick.
  • Constant Hunger.
  • Constantly Feeling Cold.
  • Missing Periods.
  • Depression.
  • Sleep Problems/Disorders.

What are three long term effects of anorexia?

  • Bone weakening (osteoporosis).
  • Anemia.
  • Seizures.
  • Thyroid problems.
  • Lack of vitamins and minerals.
  • Low potassium levels in the blood.
  • Decrease in white blood cells.
  • Amenorrhea (absence of menstruation in females).

What are common behaviors of anorexia?

Signs and symptoms of anorexia missing meals, eating very little or avoiding eating any foods you see as fattening. believing you’re fat when you’re a healthy weight or underweight. taking medicine to reduce your hunger (appetite suppressants)

Does anorexia cause muscle loss?

Malnourishment can also lead someone to lose muscle mass [4]. This can cause the heart to shrink, resulting in heart failure. This is one of the most common reasons that people die from anorexia [4].

What is the primary characteristic of anorexia nervosa quizlet?

According to the DSM, anorexics 1) refuse to maintain body weight at or above a minimally normal weight for their age and height, 2) experience intense fear of gaining weight or becoming fat, even though they are underweight, 3) misunderstand the seriousness of their weight loss, provide undue influence of body weight …

What are the most obvious signs of anorexia?

  • Fluctuations in weight.
  • Complaints of coldness or bluish coloration of the extremities.
  • Anemia.
  • Recurring sickness and difficulty healing due to reduced immune response.
  • Muscle weakness and fatigue.
  • Hair loss.
  • Heart palpitations, syncope (fainting) and other cardiac problems.

What are the health risks of anorexia?

  • Irregular heartbeats.
  • Low blood sugar.
  • Loss of bone mass.
  • Kidney and liver damage.
  • Osteoporosis.
  • Insomnia.
  • Anemia.
  • Infertility.

When is anorexia nervosa most likely to begin?

The eating disorders anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa, respectively, affect 0.5 percent and 2-3 percent of women over their lifetime. The most common age of onset is between 12-25.

Which behavior is characteristic of a person in the later stages of anorexia nervosa?

The following are indications that an individual is engaging in severe restrictive behaviors indicative of anorexia nervosa: Increased mood disturbance such as depression, anxiety, suicidality, etc. Slow brain processing and delayed thinking and reaction-speed. Hyperfixation on the body, food, and/or exercise.

Can starvation cause seizures?

Although malnutrition is not a direct cause of seizures, chronic malnutrition may predispose the brain to seizures.

Can being anorexic cause seizures?

WHAT HEALTH PROBLEMS CAN ANOREXIA CAUSE? Serious health problems also can occur if a person who has been starving starts taking in too many calories too quickly (called refeeding syndrome). These problems can include heart failure, serious breathing problems, seizures, and even sudden death.

Why do anorexics have heart attacks?

While binging and purging most severely affects the digestive system, putting you at risk for gastric rupture, inflammation from frequent vomiting and irregular bowel movements, it also creates an imbalance of electrolytes in the body that can cause an irregular heartbeat or heart failure.

What are 3 characteristics of anorexia?

  • Low body mass index (
  • Bodyweight less than 85 percent of ideal body weight.
  • Body temperature less than 35-degree Celcius.
  • Bradycardia (heartbeat less than 60 beats per minute)
  • Hypotension (BP of less than 90/50 mm Hg)
  • Dry, scaly skin.
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