A comorbid condition is a pre-existing condition that will, because of its presence as a secondary diagnosis along with a specific principal diagnosis, cause an increase in the patient’s length of stay and additional treatment.
What are comorbidities of anorexia nervosa?
The eating disorders anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa present with comorbidity in a number of important areas, including depression, bipolar disorder, anxiety disorders (obsessive-compulsive disorder, panic disorder, social anxiety disorder and other phobias, and post-traumatic stress disorder) and substance abuse.
What are 3 complications of anorexia?
- Heart problems, such as mitral valve prolapse, abnormal heart rhythms or heart failure.
- Bone loss (osteoporosis), increasing the risk of fractures.
- Loss of muscle.
- In females, absence of a period.
- In males, decreased testosterone.
- Gastrointestinal problems, such as constipation, bloating or nausea.
What are 3 factors that could lead to anorexia?
Peer pressure, preoccupation with slenderness and beauty, gaining autonomy, identity conflicts, and the slippery slope of weight loss are plausible social factors many experts believe contribute to anorexia nervosa.
What are comorbidities examples?
- Heart disease.
- High blood pressure.
- Respiratory disease.
- Mental health issues like dementia.
- Cerebrovascular disease.
- Joint disease.
- Sensory impairment.
What is the most common comorbid disorder with anorexia?
The most common comorbidities for the eating disorder group were anxiety disorders (71.4%), attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (47.9%), disruptive/impulse control disorders (45.0%), mood disorders (29.6%), and obsessive-compulsive disorder (28.8%), largely in line with previous research.
What is comorbidity quizlet?
comorbidity: Refers to the presence of two or more illnesses – medical or psychiatric conditions, including alcohol and other drug use disorders – in the same person. interpretational difficulties. Determining significance.
What other disorders might occur along with anorexia nervosa?
There are three main types of eating disorders: anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa and binge eating disorder. Eating disorders often co-occur with other psychiatric disorders most commonly mood and anxiety disorders, obsessive compulsive disorder and alcohol and drug abuse problems.
Which is the most serious health risk from anorexia nervosa?
Anorexia nervosa is a serious medical condition that can affect every organ system of the body. The most serious health risk of anorexia is increased mortality.
What complications are associated with eating disorders?
- Serious health problems.
- Depression and anxiety.
- Suicidal thoughts or behavior.
- Problems with growth and development.
- Social and relationship problems.
- Substance use disorders.
- Work and school issues.
What are 2 biological causes of anorexia?
Genetic causes of anorexia Genetic risk factors of anorexia include: having a family member with an eating disorder. having a family member with a mental health condition. living with type 1 diabetes.
What are 5 reasons that contribute to eating disorders?
- family history.
- excessive dieting.
- psychological health.
- life transitions.
- extracurricular activities.
Why do people become anorexic?
The causes that may contribute to a person developing anorexia nervosa include: Psychological factors, such as a high level of perfectionism or obsessive-compulsive personality traits, feeling limited control in life and low self-esteem, a tendency towards depression and anxiety and a poor reaction to stress.
What are comorbid conditions?
Comorbidity occurs when a person has more than one disease or condition at the same time. Conditions described as comorbidities are often chronic or long-term conditions.
What are the comorbidities of depression?
Comorbidities included dysthymia (19.5%), any anxiety disorders (21.1%) (panic disorder [6.8%], agoraphobia [5.8%], social phobia [3.7%], obsessive–compulsive disorder [OCD] [4.7%], generalized anxiety disorder [5.3%], and post-traumatic stress disorder [4.2%]), alcohol dependence (0.5%), psychotic disorder (1.6%), …
Which of the following is generally a comorbid condition with bulimia nervosa?
Major depression is the most common comorbidity, followed by anxiety disorders, including generalized anxiety disorder, panic disorder, obsessive-compulsive disorder, social phobia, and posttraumatic stress disorder in nearly 60% of bulimia nervosa patients.
Can anorexia cause venous insufficiency?
Individuals that struggle with anorexia experience an “elevated risk of developing cardiac events due to early arteriosclerotic damage,” IE: hardening of the arteries, and venous stasis, which makes it difficult for blood to return to the heart from the legs .
Why is obesity not a DSM 5 diagnosis?
Conclusion. In summary, the Eating Disorders Work Group concluded that obesity should not be included in DSM-5. Obesity is a heterogeneous condition with a complex and incompletely understood etiology, and thus cannot be considered a mental disorder per se.
What is comorbidity group of answer choices?
Comorbidity is generally defined as the co-occurrence of two or more physical or mental health problems.
What is comorbidity in psychology?
Comorbidity is defined as the co-occurence of more than one disorder in the same individual. In its broadest sense, comorbidity can include the co-occurrence of medical and psychiatric disorders, such as the dementia associated with organic conditions or the affective changes resulting from endocrinopathies.
Which of the following is a common characteristic of all anxiety disorder?
However, all anxiety disorders have one thing in common: persistent, excessive fear or worry in situations that are not threatening.
Which of the following can co exist with anorexia nervosa?
Three common personality disorders that may accompany anorexia and bulimia include Histrionic Personality Disorder, Borderline Personality Disorder, and Obsessive-Compulsive Personality Disorder.
What are the characteristics of people with anorexia nervosa?
Emotional and mental signs of anorexia Having an intense fear of gaining weight. Being unable to realistically assess your body weight and shape (having a distorted self-image). Having an obsessive interest in food, calories and dieting. Feeling overweight or “fat,” even if you’re underweight.
Which is a complication resulting from anorexia nervosa that is considered irreversible?
Bone loss. A serious and possibly irreversible complication of AN that correlates with the presence of sarcopenia is the loss of bone mineral density and a proclivity toward early development of osteopenia and osteoporosis, even in adolescent patients.
What are three long-term effects of anorexia?
- Bone weakening (osteoporosis).
- Thyroid problems.
- Lack of vitamins and minerals.
- Low potassium levels in the blood.
- Decrease in white blood cells.
- Amenorrhea (absence of menstruation in females).