A sample nursing diagnosis written in PES format is, “Imbalanced Nutrition: Less than Body Requirements related to insufficient dietary intake as evidenced by body weight 20% below ideal weight range and food intake less than recommended daily allowance.”
What is imbalance nutrition?
Imbalanced nutrition refers to either nutrition that is more than or less than the body’s requirements and metabolic needs. It can occur with any individual. Listed below is a brief list of potential causes that may result in an individual experiencing an imbalance in their nutrition status.
What is the nursing diagnosis for anorexia?
Nursing Diagnosis Nursing diagnoses for clients with eating disorders include the following: Imbalanced nutrition: less than body requirements related to purging or excessive use of laxatives. Ineffective coping related to inability to meet basic needs. Disturbed body image related to being excessively underweight.
What can imbalanced nutrition cause?
The patient encountering nutritional deficiencies may resemble to be sluggish and fatigued. Other manifestations include decreased attention span, confused, pale and dry skin, subcutaneous tissue loss, dull and brittle hair, and red, swollen tongue and mucous membranes. Vital signs may show tachycardia and elevated BP.
How do you evaluate nutrition imbalance?
- Daily food intake – type and amount of food.
- Approximate caloric intake.
- Activity at time of eating.
- Feelings at time of eating.
- Location of meals.
- Meals skipped.
- Snacking patterns.
- Social/familial considerations.
What are signs of impaired nutrition?
- Unexplained Fatigue.
- Brittle and Dry Hair.
- Ridged or Spoon-Shaped Nails.
- Mouth Problems.
- Apathy or Irritability.
- Lack of Appetite.
What are the 4 types of malnutrition?
There are 4 broad sub-forms of undernutrition: wasting, stunting, underweight, and deficiencies in vitamins and minerals.
What is the most common nutritional disorder?
Iron deficiency is the single most common nutritional disorder world-wide and the main cause of anaemia in infancy, childhood and pregnancy. It is prevalent in most of the developing world and it is probably the only nutritional deficiency of consideration in industrialised countries.
Is nutrition imbalanced more than body requirements?
Imbalanced Nutrition: More Than Body Requirements occurs when the daily energy intake is greater than energy expenditure, thus resulting in excessive weight gain. Other causes of obesity include physical inactivity, insomnia, endocrine disorders, medications, consumption of excess carbohydrates, and slow metabolism.
What is the pathophysiology of anorexia?
Patients with anorexia nervosa have altered brain function and structure there are deficits in neurotransmitters dopamine (eating behavior and reward) and serotonin (impulse control and neuroticism), differential activation of the corticolimbic system (appetite and fear), and diminished activity among the …
Which anorexia nervosa symptom is physical in nature?
The characteristic physical sign of the condition is significant weight loss that leads to the individual being underweight.
What are some important aspects of caring for patients with eating disorders?
It is essential to observe patients’ nutritional status as eating disorders can be life threatening. It is also important to ensure they maintain adequate nutrition and electrolyte balance. If an eating disorder has been identified, the nurse must monitor weight on a regular basis.
What is an unbalanced diet example?
An unbalanced diet might also be the lack of fruit and vegetables, or the over-consumption of breads, pastas and carbohydrates and the complete absence of proteins and vitamins. It might also be drinking too much tea and coffee or ‘full fat’ or Diet Coke.
What are the 5 causes of malnutrition?
- Low intake of food. Some people develop malnutrition because there is not enough food available, or because they have difficulty eating or absorbing nutrients.
- Mental health conditions.
- Social and mobility problems.
- Digestive disorders and stomach conditions.
- Alcohol use disorder.
What are 5 effects of malnutrition?
- Muscle function. Weight loss due to depletion of fat and muscle mass, including organ mass, is often the most obvious sign of malnutrition.
- Cardio-respiratory function.
- Gastrointestinal function.
- Immunity and wound healing.
- Psychosocial effects.
What lab values indicate poor nutrition?
- Serum Prealbumin
- Serum Albumin
- Serum Transferrin
- Total Lymphocyte Count
- Total Cholesterol
What are interventions for malnutrition?
- having a healthier, more balanced diet.
- eating “fortified” foods that contain extra nutrients.
- snacking between meals.
- having drinks that contain lots of calories.
- getting supermarket deliveries at home.
What is a nursing intervention for nutrition?
Nutrition interventions may include optimizing the patient’s oral intake, providing oral nutrition supplements, and administering enteral and parenteral nutrition. Nurses play a key role in implementing these interventions.
What are the 6 characteristics of malnutrition?
- Weight loss.
- Low body mass index (BMI)
- Reduced muscle mass.
- Reduced food intake or assimilation.
- Disease burden/inflammation.
What happens when the body does not receive enough nutrients?
There are now strong links between low intakes of particular nutrients and the risk of developing chronic disease including some cancers, heart disease, diabetes, osteoporosis and depression. During pregnancy, insufficient nutrient intake can have long-term health implications for the health of the child.
What diseases are caused by lack of nutrition?
- Kwashiorkor. This is one of the most acute malnutrition of proteins in the world.
- Marasmus. This disease is caused by the very severe lack of protein and calories.
- Anemia. The most common illness which is caused by malnutrition.
- Vitamin Deficiency.
What are 4 signs of malnutrition?
- Unplanned weight loss.
- Feeling weak or tired.
- Loss of appetite.
- Swelling or fluid accumulation.
- Eating only a small amount at a time.
What are the two main types of malnutrition?
Malnutrition is often split into two broad groups of conditions: undernutrition, including stunting, wasting, underweight and micronutrient deficiencies. overweight, obesity and diet-related non-communicable diseases (NCDs).
What is the difference between nutrition and malnutrition?
Nutrition is the process of how the body metabolizes nutrients, how diet affects health conditions, and how the body uses nutrients to grow. Malnutrition is the result of eating a diet that has an excess or lack of specific nutrients, which can cause health problems.
What are three common nutritional disorders?
- Carbohydrate Malabsorption.
- Disorders of Amino Acid Absorption.
- Disorders of Fat Digestion.
- Disorders of Metal Absorption.
- Disorders of Protein Digestion.
- Disorders of Vitamin Absorption.
- Growth Problems.
- Iron Deficiency Anemia.