Basic premise: Aaron T. Beck’s cognitive theory of depression proposes that persons susceptible to depression develop inaccurate/unhelpful core beliefs about themselves, others, and the world as a result of their learning histories.
How does the cognitive approach explain bulimia?
According to the cognitive view of bulimia nervosa, these extreme concerns, described by Russell as “a morbid fear of becoming fat” and the American Psychiatric Association as the “persistent overconcern with body shape and weight”, are a central feature of the psychopathology of the disorder.
What is the psychology of bulimia?
Bulimia nervosa is an eating disorder characterized by episodes of binge eating—consuming a large amount of food very quickly—followed by compensatory behavior, most commonly vomiting or “purging” or the abuse of diuretics or laxatives. People who are bulimic often feel a lack of control over their behavior.
How does bulimia affect cognitive development?
can make students become less active and more apathetic, withdrawn, and engage in fewer social interactions; can impair the immune system and make students more vulnerable to illnesses; and increase absenteeism in affected students because of the above impairments.
What are 3 physiological changes that occur with bulimia nervosa?
Physiological effects of bulimia nervosa on the gastrointestinal tract include dental caries and enamel erosion; enlargement of the parotid gland; esophagitis; changes in gastric capacity and gastric emptying; gastric necrosis; and alterations of the intestinal mucosa.
How does the behaviourist theory explain eating disorders?
A cognitive behavioural theory of the maintenance of anorexia nervosa is proposed. It is argued that an extreme need to control eating is the central feature of the disorder, and that in Western societies a tendency to judge self-worth in terms of shape and weight is superimposed on this need for self-control.
What is cognitive behavioral theory?
CBT theory suggests that our thoughts, emotions, body sensations, and behavior are all connected, and that what we think and do affects the way we feel. Thousands of research trials have demonstrated that CBT is an effective treatment for conditions from anxiety and depression to pain and insomnia.
What is true of brain scans of people with bulimia?
By studying the brain scans of women with and without bulimia, researchers have discovered that their brains react differently to food cues. They found that, in women with bulimia, there is less blood flow in a part of the brain that is linked to self-thinking.
Is bulimia a mental disease?
Bulimia nervosa (commonly known as bulimia) is an eating disorder and serious mental health problem. Someone with bulimia might feel parts of their lives are out of control and use purging to give them a sense of control. Bulimia is a serious condition that can cause long-term damage, but help is available.
Where does bulimia stem from?
Causes and risk factors It may stem from a combination of genetic, biological, psychological, social, and behavioral factors. What is clear is that bulimia nervosa is a mental health condition — the person’s behaviors are a way of coping with emotional stress.
How does bulimia affect the memory?
Bulimia nervosa (BN) When compared to healthy controls, BN patients had less recall and recognition for body-related stimuli. This suggests that BN individuals avoid encoding/processing stimuli related to body image and have a selective memory bias.
How does bulimia nervosa affect a person and their life?
Over time, bulimia can affect your body in the following ways: Stomach damage from overeating. Electrolyte imbalance (having levels of sodium, potassium, or other minerals that are too high or too low, which can lead to heart attack or heart failure) Ulcers and other damage to your throat from vomiting.
Can the brain impact eating behaviors?
The brain is influenced by various signals to affect people’s eating behaviors and regulate their bodies’ energy balance, for example by changing appetite and energy expenditure in response to blood levels of key metabolic hormones and nutrients.
What are 5 physical effects of bulimia?
- low blood pressure and irregular heart rate.
- dry skin.
- decreased electrolyte levels and dehydration.
- esophageal ruptures from excessive vomiting.
- gastrointestinal problems.
- irregular periods.
What is the most insignificant characteristic of a person with bulimia?
What is the most insignificant characteristic of a person with bulimia? The person is close to her ideal body weight. Bulimia nervosa is more prevalent than anorexia nervosa in both women and men. What is not a risk of being underweight?
Can you reverse damage from bulimia?
Treatment Options With appropriate treatment, those struggling with bulimia nervosa will be able to reverse most of the physical symptoms and lead a normal, healthy life. Unfortunately, dental issues including tooth decay, breakage and discoloring may not be reversible and may require medical intervention.
Social Learning Theory attributes the etiology of eating disorders to the emphasis placed on thinness in Western society. Women often receive positive attention for being thin, or even for attempting weight loss. This attention then serves as reinforcement of the thin-ideal (Levine & Smolak, 2001).
Social learning theory states that we learn behaviours (including eating behaviours) by imitating successful role models. SLT states that observational learning can take place, and that this is reinforced vicariously.
What are the cognitive theories?
The three main elements of cognitive theory are perception, attention, and memory. The process of selecting, organizing, and interpreting stimuli creates a person’s perception.
What is Beck’s cognitive theory?
Beck’s cognitive theory. Beck’s cognitive theory considers the subjective symptoms such as a negative view of self, world, and future defining features of depression. The model assumes that psychopathological states represent extreme or excessive forms of normal cognitive, emotional, and behavioral functioning.
What is Albert Ellis theory?
Albert Ellis (1957, 1962) proposes that each of us hold a unique set of assumptions about ourselves and our world that serve to guide us through life and determine our reactions to the various situations we encounter.
What are two long term effects of bulimia?
- Sever dehydration.
- Tooth decay & cavities.
- Irregular periods.
- Acid reflux.
- Stomach ulcers.
- Kidney issues.
Does bulimia cause brain damage?
A patient who suffers from anorexia or bulimia for many years will have accrued more damage to his/her brain than someone who finds treatment and recovery early on in their illness. The type of eating disorder, however, does not influence levels of neuro-disruption or the amount of damage reversal possible.
Does bulimia mess up your hormones?
The results suggest that unsatisfactory nutrition (binges and “crash diet”) in bulimia nervosa results in hormonal dysfunction, menstrual disturbances and infertility.
Does bulimia ever go away?
² Roughly 50% of women will recover from bulimia within ten years of their diagnosis, but an estimated 30% of these women will experience a relapse of the disorder. ³ These behaviors can wreak havoc on the body both in the short-term and the long-term.