Psychodynamic Theory Examples Early childhood events may cause some people to develop a nail-biting habit. A childhood incident that caused fear in the past may trigger anxiety in adulthood. Behaviors such as obsessive handwashing are often linked to may be linked to childhood trauma in the past.
How does the psychodynamic model explain the development of eating disorders?
In all of the psychodynamic theories, eating disorder symptoms are seen as expressions of a struggling inner self that uses the disordered eating and weight control behaviors as a way of communicating or expressing underlying issues.
What is the psychological explanation for anorexia?
Psychological explanations for anorexia nervosa focus on anorexia being caused or triggered by dysfunctional families (e.g. family systems theory); social learning (observation and imitation of role models); and cognitive factors (irrational beliefs and distortions).
What perspective is anorexia?
On the standard perspective, anorexia nervosa and other eating disorders are caused by genetically determined, neurochemically mediated mental illnesses. Standard treatment, cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT), targets cognitive processes thought to maintain the disorders.
How does the behaviourist approach explain anorexia?
A cognitive behavioural theory of the maintenance of anorexia nervosa is proposed. It is argued that an extreme need to control eating is the central feature of the disorder, and that in Western societies a tendency to judge self-worth in terms of shape and weight is superimposed on this need for self-control.
What is psychodynamic perspective?
Definition. The psychodynamic perspective encompasses a number of theories that explain both normal and pathological personality development in terms of the dynamics of the mind. Such dynamics include motivational factors, affects, unconscious mental processes, conflict, and defense mechanisms.
What does psychodynamic therapy focus on?
Psychodynamic therapy focuses on the psychological roots of emotional suffering. Its hallmarks are self-reflection and self-examination, and the use of the relationship between therapist and patient as a window into problematic relationship patterns in the patient’s life.
How does classical conditioning explain anorexia?
This may well lead to eating disorders like anorexia. Classical Conditioning suggests that men and women may come to associate thinness (which ought to be a Neutral Stimulus) with glamour and beauty (an Unconditioned Stimulus); this happens because both get the same approval and admiration (the Unconditioned Response).
How do people become anorexic?
The exact causes of anorexia nervosa are unknown. However, the condition sometimes runs in families; young women with a parent or sibling with an eating disorder are likelier to develop one themselves. Then there are psychological, environmental, and social factors that may contribute to the development of anorexia.
What is the main idea of cognitive perspective?
The cognitive perspective, operates on the belief that the brain is the most important aspect in relation to the way that an individual behaves or thinks. This perspective states that to understand someone, you must first be able to understand what is happening in their mind.
Which neurotransmitter known for being involved in depression has an inhibitory effect on eating behavior?
Serotonin: a neurotransmitter involved in depression also has an inhibitory effect on eating behavior. Norepinephrine is both a neurotransmitter and a hormone; abnormalities in either capacity may affect eating behavior.
What are the different psychology perspectives?
- The Psychodynamic Perspective.
- The Behavioral Perspective.
- The Cognitive Perspective.
- The Biological Perspective.
- The Cross-Cultural Perspective.
- The Evolutionary Perspective.
- The Humanistic Perspective.
Social Learning Theory attributes the etiology of eating disorders to the emphasis placed on thinness in Western society. Women often receive positive attention for being thin, or even for attempting weight loss. This attention then serves as reinforcement of the thin-ideal (Levine & Smolak, 2001).
What is an example of psychodynamic therapy?
Psychodynamic therapy focuses on building the client’s internal resources to be able to deal with problems going forward without the aid of the therapist. For example, a client with depression may learn how to explore how reactions to present-day circumstances may be influenced by past events.
How is psychodynamic perspective used today?
Studies have found that other effective applications of psychodynamic therapy include social anxiety disorder, eating disorders, problems with pain, relationship difficulties, and other areas of concern. This therapy is used with children and adolescents; it is also useful in cases of borderline personality disorder.
What disorders does psychodynamic therapy treat?
- panic disorders.
- post-traumatic stress disorder.
- personality disorders, such as borderline personality disorder.
- stress-related physical ailments.
- physical symptoms that lack a physical basis.
- persistent feelings of isolation and loneliness.
- prolonged sadness.
What are the 3 elements of psychodynamic theory?
There are several key assumptions in psychodynamic theory: All behavior has an underlying cause. The causes of a person’s behavior originate in their unconscious. Different aspects of a person’s unconscious struggle against each other.
What techniques are used in psychodynamic therapy?
Psychodynamic therapy often involves free association. This is when the patient is encouraged to discuss whatever is on their mind, including the events of the week, past conflicts with others, fears and desires, dreams and nightmares, or anything they want to disclose about themselves and their experiences.
How does classical conditioning affect hunger?
Another example of classical conditioning is known as the appetizer effect. If there are otherwise neutral stimuli that consistently predict a meal, they could cause people to become hungry, because those stimuli induce involuntary changes in the body, as a preparation for digestion.
Do role models influence anorexia?
In relation to anorexia nervosa, important role models might be mothers, peers or celebrities in the media. Research has shown that mothers who complain about their weight are more likely to have children who have their own weight concerns.
What are some examples of classical conditioning?
For example, whenever you come home wearing a baseball cap, you take your child to the park to play. So, whenever your child sees you come home with a baseball cap, he is excited because he has associated your baseball cap with a trip to the park. This learning by association is classical conditioning.
What happens to the body in anorexia nervosa?
Untreated, anorexia nervosa can lead to: Damaged organs, especially the heart, brain, and kidneys. Drop in blood pressure, pulse, and breathing rates. Loss of hair.
What is the main difference between anorexia and anorexia nervosa?
But there are differences between the two. Anorexia nervosa doesn’t cause loss of appetite. People with anorexia nervosa purposely avoid food to prevent weight gain. People who suffer from anorexia (loss of appetite) unintentionally lose interest in food.
Can anorexia be fully cured?
Many Patients with Anorexia Nervosa Get Better, But Complete Recovery Elusive to Most. Three in four patients with anorexia nervosa – including many with challenging illness – make a partial recovery. But just 21 percent make a full recovery, a milestone that is most likely to signal permanent remission.
What is an example of cognitive theory in psychology?
Cognitive theory is an approach to psychology that attempts to explain human behavior by understanding your thought processes. 1 For example, a therapist is using principles of cognitive theory when they teach you how to identify maladaptive thought patterns and transform them into constructive ones.