Social learning theory examples in everyday life are common, with one of the most evident being the behaviors of children, as they imitate family members, friends, famous figures and even television characters. If a child perceives there is a meaningful reward for such behavior, they will perform it at some point.
Social learning theory states that we learn behaviours (including eating behaviours) by imitating successful role models. SLT states that observational learning can take place, and that this is reinforced vicariously.
Social Learning Theory attributes the etiology of eating disorders to the emphasis placed on thinness in Western society. Women often receive positive attention for being thin, or even for attempting weight loss. This attention then serves as reinforcement of the thin-ideal (Levine & Smolak, 2001).
What is the theory of anorexia nervosa?
Abstract. A cognitive behavioural theory of the maintenance of anorexia nervosa is proposed. It is argued that an extreme need to control eating is the central feature of the disorder, and that in Western societies a tendency to judge self-worth in terms of shape and weight is superimposed on this need for self-control …
How does classical conditioning explain anorexia?
This may well lead to eating disorders like anorexia. Classical Conditioning suggests that men and women may come to associate thinness (which ought to be a Neutral Stimulus) with glamour and beauty (an Unconditioned Stimulus); this happens because both get the same approval and admiration (the Unconditioned Response).
What is vicarious reinforcement?
Vicarious reinforcement occurs when (a) an individual observes another person (a model) behave in a certain way and experience a consequence perceived as desirable by the observer, and (b) as a result, the observer behaves as the model did.
What model explains the etiology of eating disorders?
We also present the transtheoretical model of eat- ing disorders, which was created based on a re- view of previous studies. The different models explain the origin of eating disorders and under- line their similarities and differences. Both anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa are multifactorial disorders.
How does the psychodynamic model explain the development of eating disorders?
In all of the psychodynamic theories, eating disorder symptoms are seen as expressions of a struggling inner self that uses the disordered eating and weight control behaviors as a way of communicating or expressing underlying issues.
What is cognitive behavioral theory?
CBT theory suggests that our thoughts, emotions, body sensations, and behavior are all connected, and that what we think and do affects the way we feel. Thousands of research trials have demonstrated that CBT is an effective treatment for conditions from anxiety and depression to pain and insomnia.
Social learning theory proposes that individuals learn by observing the behaviors of others (models). They then evaluate the effect of those behaviors by observing the positive and negative consequences that follow.
Real World Applications But social learning can also be utilized to teach people positive behaviors. Researchers can use social learning theory to investigate and understand ways that positive role models can be used to encourage desirable behaviors and to facilitate social change.
Bandura asserts that most human behavior is learned through observation, imitation, and modeling.
How does classical conditioning affect hunger?
Another example of classical conditioning is known as the appetizer effect. If there are otherwise neutral stimuli that consistently predict a meal, they could cause people to become hungry, because those stimuli induce involuntary changes in the body, as a preparation for digestion.
What are some examples of classical conditioning?
For example, whenever you come home wearing a baseball cap, you take your child to the park to play. So, whenever your child sees you come home with a baseball cap, he is excited because he has associated your baseball cap with a trip to the park. This learning by association is classical conditioning.
How is classical conditioning nurture?
Classical conditioning (also known as Pavlovian or respondent conditioning) is learning through association and was discovered by Pavlov, a Russian physiologist. In simple terms, two stimuli are linked together to produce a new learned response in a person or animal.
What is Mediational process psychology?
Mediational processes are mental (cognitive) factors that intervene in the learning process to determine whether a new behaviour is acquired or not.
What is latent learning in psychology example?
In psychology, latent learning refers to knowledge that only becomes clear when a person has an incentive to display it. For example, a child might learn how to complete a math problem in class, but this learning is not immediately apparent.
What is self efficacy in psychology?
Self-efficacy refers to an individual’s belief in his or her capacity to execute behaviors necessary to produce specific performance attainments (Bandura, 1977, 1986, 1997). Self-efficacy reflects confidence in the ability to exert control over one’s own motivation, behavior, and social environment.
Which sociocultural factor has the greatest influence on the prevalence of eating disorders?
Sociocultural causes of eating disorders include the idealization of thin models and actresses by the media, SES, gender, and family involvement. The personality trait of perfectionism and low self-esteem are contributing factors to disorders related to eating, weight, and body shape.
Which personality trait is consistent with a diagnosis of anorexia nervosa?
Individuals with anorexia nervosa are known to have high levels of harm avoidance, a personality trait that is characterized by worry, pessimistic thinking, doubt, and shyness.
What is Transdiagnostic theory?
The transdiagnostic model of FBT posits that while the etiology of an eating disorder is unknown, the pathology affects the family and home environment in ways that inadvertently allow for symptom maintenance and progression.
What is the psychodynamic approach to personality and why is it important?
Psychodynamic theory, also known as psychoanalytic psychotherapy, helps clients understand their emotions and unconscious patterns of behavior. By talking through these emotions and behaviors with a social worker, clients come to know themselves better and make better decisions for themselves.
What does psychodynamic therapy focus on?
Psychodynamic therapy focuses on the psychological roots of emotional suffering. Its hallmarks are self-reflection and self-examination, and the use of the relationship between therapist and patient as a window into problematic relationship patterns in the patient’s life.
What is psychodynamic perspective?
Definition. The psychodynamic perspective encompasses a number of theories that explain both normal and pathological personality development in terms of the dynamics of the mind. Such dynamics include motivational factors, affects, unconscious mental processes, conflict, and defense mechanisms.
Is CBT based on learning theory?
Cognitive Learning theory can be divided into two parts: the Social Cognitive Theory (SCT) and the Cognitive Behavioral Theory (CBT). Cognitive learning refers to the mental process of acquiring knowledge, understanding, and skills through thinking, analysis, experience, perception, attention, behavior, and the senses.