What is an example of the biopsychosocial model?

The Biopsychosocial (BPS) Model The Biological (bio-) – often associated with the relationship of disease and bodily health. For example, a patient may experience a hernia or lymphedema, which usually cause less severe but long-term health problems that must be addressed by a physician.

What psychological perspectives is anorexia?

From a CBT perspective, anorexia nervosa results from rigid or extreme schemas, or cognitive patterns, which lead to dysfunctional behavior, misinterpretation of experiences, and extreme and/or negative thinking. “The eating-disordered belief system is based on lies that keep an individual stuck in the illness cycle.

What personality factors are associated with anorexia?

Individuals with anorexia nervosa are known to have high levels of harm avoidance, a personality trait that is characterized by worry, pessimistic thinking, doubt, and shyness.

What are 3 physiological changes that occur with anorexia nervosa?

Common signs and symptoms include loss of subcutaneous fat tissue, orthostatic hypotension, bradycardia, impaired menstrual function, hair loss, and hypothermia.

What are the psychological consequences of anorexia?

In addition to the physical risks of anorexia, this disorder can also harm an individual mentally. Common psychological effects of anorexia include anxiety, depression, substance abuse, body dysmorphia, and Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder.

What mental illness is associated with anorexia?

Borderline, obsessive-compulsive, and avoidant personality disorders are some of the most common types of personality disorders diagnosed in people with anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa, or binge-eating disorder.

What are 5 physical characteristics of anorexia?

  • Extreme weight loss or not making expected developmental weight gains.
  • Thin appearance.
  • Abnormal blood counts.
  • Fatigue.
  • Insomnia.
  • Dizziness or fainting.
  • Bluish discoloration of the fingers.
  • Hair that thins, breaks or falls out.

What personality traits do people with eating disorders have?

Personality traits commonly associated with eating disorder (ED) are high perfectionism, impulsivity, harm avoidance, reward dependence, sensation seeking, neuroticism, and obsessive-compulsiveness in combination with low self-directedness, assertiveness, and cooperativeness [8-11].

What are 4 characteristics of anorexia nervosa?

Anorexia nervosa is characterized by emaciation, a relentless pursuit of thinness and unwillingness to maintain a normal or healthy weight, a distortion of body image and intense fear of gaining weight, a lack of menstruation among girls and women, and extremely disturbed eating behavior.

What are the 4 P’s of biopsychosocial model?

The VCE Psychology Study Design requires students undertaking Unit 4 to use a 4P factor model (predisposing, precipitating, perpetuating and protective factors) as a subset of a biopsychosocial approach to analyse mental health and the development and progression of mental health disorders.

What are the 3 components to the biopsychosocial model for mental disorders?

Biological (e.g. genetics, brain chemistry and brain damage) Social (e.g. life traumas and stresses, early life experiences and family relationships) Psychological (e.g. how we interpret events as signifying something negative about ourselves)

How do you explain the biopsychosocial model?

The biopsychosocial model reflects the development of illness through the complex interaction of biological factors (genetic, biochemical, etc.), psychological factors (mood, personality, behaviour, etc.) and social factors (cultural, familial, socioeconomic, medical, etc.).

What are 2 biological causes of anorexia?

Biological factors There appears to be a familial link to anorexia and individuals with a family history of eating disorders, depression, or substance misuse in that these individuals are more likely to be affected.

What are 2 major complications from anorexia nervosa?

Indeed, anorexia nervosa has the highest mortality rate of any psychiatric disorder, likely due to these medical complications. In general, medical complications of anorexia nervosa are a direct result of weight loss and malnutrition.

What are the 2 main causes of anorexia?

The exact causes of anorexia nervosa are unknown. However, the condition sometimes runs in families; young women with a parent or sibling with an eating disorder are likelier to develop one themselves. Then there are psychological, environmental, and social factors that may contribute to the development of anorexia.

What are 3 health risks associated with anorexia?

Anorexia can lead to several short-term and long-term effects. Short-term health risks include weight loss, gastrointestinal complaints, fatigue, dehydration, and hair loss, among others.

What are 4 risks factors associated with anorexia nervosa?

These include a family history of anorexia nervosa,1-3 obesity,4 eating and weight concerns,5 affective disorder,1,6-12 substance abuse,9-11,13 and obsessive-compulsive disorder11,12,14; a history of exposure to adverse events and circumstances15-18; and the presence of certain traits such as perfectionism, …

What is a likely long-term consequence of anorexia?

In severe cases, the long-term health risks of anorexia may result in suffering nerve damage that affects the brain and other parts of the body. As a result, these nervous system conditions can include: Seizures. Disordered thinking. Numbness or tingling in the hands or feet (peripheral neuropathy)

What is the most common comorbid disorder with anorexia?

The most common psychiatric disorders which co-occur with eating disorders include mood disorders (e.g., major depressive disorder), anxiety disorders (e.g., obsessive compulsive disorder, social anxiety disorder), post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and trauma, substance use disorders, personality disorders (e.g. …

Which part of the brain is likely to play a role in anorexia?

The brain region known as the right insula also seems to be altered in people with anorexia. That bit of brain helps to process taste sensations, but it’s also involved in interoception, the ability to sense one’s own bodily signals. Those skewed body signals are the subjects of Zucker’s research at Duke.

What are three signs of anorexia?

Warning signs of anorexia in someone else The following warning signs could indicate that someone you care about has an eating disorder: dramatic weight loss. lying about how much and when they’ve eaten, or how much they weigh. avoiding eating with others.

What are 7 signs of anorexia nervosa?

  • Purging for Weight Control. Share on Pinterest.
  • Obsession With Food, Calories and Dieting.
  • Changes in Mood and Emotional State.
  • Distorted Body Image.
  • Excessive Exercise.
  • Denial of Hunger and Refusal to Eat.
  • Engaging in Food Rituals.
  • Alcohol or Drug Abuse.

What are two warning signs of anorexia?

Warning Signs of Anorexia Constant worry about dieting, food, calories, and weight. You complain a lot about being “fat” You refuse to eat whole groups of food, like carbohydrates.

Is anorexia a form of narcissism?

Narcissism is commonly associated with a variety of other disorders, including mood disorders like depression and anxiety, substance abuse, and eating disorders like bulimia and anorexia.

What are the three factors that people with eating disorders have?

Risk factors for all eating disorders involve a range of biological, psychological, and sociocultural issues.

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