Anorexia (an-o-REK-see-uh) nervosa — often simply called anorexia — is an eating disorder characterized by an abnormally low body weight, an intense fear of gaining weight and a distorted perception of weight.
What is anorexia nervosa AP Psychology?
Anorexia nervosa: A disorder characterized by a strong desire to lose weight, a low BMI, and habitually restrictive eating.
Is anorexia nervosa a psychological denial of appetite?
The term anorexia literally means “loss of appetite.” However, this definition is misleading as people with anorexia nervosa are often hungry but refuse food anyway. People with anorexia nervosa have intense fears of becoming fat and see themselves as fat even when they are very thin.
What is anorexia nervosa and its types?
Anorexia nervosa may be divided into 2 subtypes: Restricting, in which severe limitation of food intake is the primary means to weight loss. Binge-eating/purging type, in which there are periods of food intake that are compensated by self-induced vomiting, laxative or diuretic abuse, and/or excessive exercise.
Is anorexia nervosa a psychiatric disorder?
Anorexia Nervosa. Anorexia nervosa is characterized by self-starvation and weight loss resulting in low weight for height and age. Anorexia has the highest mortality of any psychiatric diagnosis other than opioid use disorder and can be a very serious condition.
What is anorexia nervosa synonym?
eating disorder noununhealthy disturbance in eating behavior. anorexia nervosa. bingeing. bulimarexia. bulimia.
What is clinical psychology quizlet?
Clinical Psychology. involves rigorous study and applied practice directed toward understanding and improving the psychological facets of the human experience, including but not limited to issues or problems of behavior, emotions, or intellect. Education & Training.
Which of the following is not considered a personality disorder?
Which of the following is not considered a personality disorder? Explanation: Obsessive-compulsive disorder is an anxiety disorder, not a personality disorder.
What is bulimia characterized by?
Bulimia is an eating disorder. It is characterized by uncontrolled episodes of overeating, called bingeing. This is followed by purging with methods such as vomiting or misuse of laxatives. Bingeing is eating much larger amounts of food than you would normally eat in a short period of time, usually less than 2 hours.
Which is a characteristic of an individual who suffers from anorexia nervosa?
People who suffer from anorexia nervosa tend to have high levels of harm avoidance, a personality trait characterized by worrying, pessimism, and shyness, and low levels of novelty seeking, which includes impulsivity and preferring new or novel things (Fassino et al., 2002).
What are the physiological effects of anorexia nervosa?
Common signs and symptoms include loss of subcutaneous fat tissue, orthostatic hypotension, bradycardia, impaired menstrual function, hair loss, and hypothermia. Such symptoms are present within our case. Numerous laboratory measures are affected, among them serum electrolyte levels and thyroid function.
Which of the following characterizes a person suffering from anorexia nervosa?
The typical characteristics of a person with anorexia nervosa include: Low body mass index (<17.5 kg/m2) Bodyweight less than 85 percent of ideal body weight. Body temperature less than 35-degree Celcius.
What are the two main types of anorexia?
Anorexia is officially categorized into two subtypes — the restricting type and the binge eating and purging type (1).
What are the two subtypes of anorexia nervosa?
There are two subtypes of anorexia nervosa known as the restricting type and the bing-eating/purging type. Most individuals associate anorexia with the restricting subtype, which is characterized by the severe limitation of food as the primary means to lose weight.
What does the word nervosa mean?
The definition of nervosa in the dictionary is nervous.
Is anorexia a form of depression?
For those suffering from anorexia, the undernourishment in the body cause changes in the brain, often causing a negative shift in mood which leads to depression. Additionally, negative body image and low self-esteem can stir feelings of anxiety and depression.
Is anorexia nervosa a chronic illness?
Bulimia nervosa and anorexia nervosa are frequently chronic, unremitting conditions associated with significant morbidity and mortality.
What are Personality disorders?
A personality disorder is a type of mental disorder in which you have a rigid and unhealthy pattern of thinking, functioning and behaving. A person with a personality disorder has trouble perceiving and relating to situations and people.
What are the risks of anorexia nervosa?
Anorexia can lead to several short-term and long-term effects. Short-term health risks include weight loss, gastrointestinal complaints, fatigue, dehydration, and hair loss, among others.
Which of the following symptoms confirm anorexia nervosa?
- Purging for Weight Control. Share on Pinterest.
- Obsession With Food, Calories and Dieting.
- Changes in Mood and Emotional State.
- Distorted Body Image.
- Excessive Exercise.
- Denial of Hunger and Refusal to Eat.
- Engaging in Food Rituals.
- Alcohol or Drug Abuse.
Why do people have anorexia?
The causes that may contribute to a person developing anorexia nervosa include: Psychological factors, such as a high level of perfectionism or obsessive-compulsive personality traits, feeling limited control in life and low self-esteem, a tendency towards depression and anxiety and a poor reaction to stress.
What is abnormal psychology quizlet?
Abnormal psychology. A branch of psychology that deals with psychopathology and abnormal behavior. It deals with a wide range of psychiatric disorders which are characterized by maladaptive behavior that is destructive to the individuals or to others. Diagnosis.
What is the main focus of clinical psychology quizlet?
Clinical Psychology focuses on the intellectual, emotional, biological, psychological, social, and behavioral aspects of human functioning across the lifespan, in varying cultures, and at all socioeconomic levels.”
Which statement best describes the work of clinical psychologists quizlet?
Which statement best describes the work of clinical psychologists? They help people with psychological disorders such as anxiety and depression adjust to the demands of life.
Is lack of empathy a mental illness?
Although lack of empathy disorder is not listed as a mental illness in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-V), it could be one of many signs of a serious mental illness. However, people who lack empathy do not necessarily need psychological counseling.