The self-discrepancy theory proposes that people’s behavior is motivated to reduce the self-discrepancy between the self that they actually present and the self they ought or wish to be (Higgins, 1987).
What is AN actual ought discrepancy?
An actual/ought discrepancy triggers agitated depression (characterized by feelings of guilt, apprehension, anxiety or fear). An actual/ideal discrepancy triggers dejected depression (characterized by feelings of failure, disappointment, devaluation or shame).
What are the three essential diagnostic features of bulimia nervosa?
The diagnostic criteria for bulimia in the DSM are: 1) recurrent episodes of binge eatingbinge eatingBinge eating disorder (BED) is an eating disorder characterized by frequent and recurrent binge eating episodes with associated negative psychological and social problems, but without the compensatory behaviors common to bulimia nervosa, OSFED, or the binge-purge subtype of anorexia nervosa.https://en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Binge_eating_disorderBinge eating disorder – Wikipedia with a sense of lack of control occurring at least twice per week for at least three months, 2) recurrent, inappropriate compensatory behavior, such as vomiting, in order to prevent weight gain 3) and self-evaluation that is …
What is the hallmark of bulimia?
The hallmark sign for bulimia nervosa is a distorted view of food and eating. Patients with this condition often maintain a normal or above-normal weight. Purging can present outwardly via sialadenosis, dental enamel erosion, and calloused middle phalanges.
What is self discrepancy examples?
Discrepancies between the actual and ideal/ought selves can be motivating in some ways and prompt people to act for self-improvement. For example, if your ought self should volunteer more for the local animal shelter, then your actual self may be more inclined to do so.
What is the most significant characteristic of a person with bulimia quizlet?
Terms in this set (15) What is the most insignificant characteristic of a person with bulimia? The person is close to her ideal body weight. Bulimia nervosa is more prevalent than anorexia nervosa in both women and men.
What are the primary characteristics of bulimia nervosa?
It is characterized by uncontrolled episodes of overeating (called bingeing). This is followed by purging by self-induced vomiting, misuse of laxatives, and other methods. Bulimia typically affects females and starts during the teenage years. But, it can also affect males.
Which of the following is one of the diagnostic criteria for bulimia?
According to the DSM-5, the official diagnostic criteria for bulimia nervosa are: Recurrent episodes of binge eatingbinge eatingBinge eating disorder (BED) is a severe, life-threatening, and treatable eating disorder characterized by recurrent episodes of eating large quantities of food (often very quickly and to the point of discomfort); a feeling of a loss of control during the binge; experiencing shame, distress or guilt afterwards; and not …https://www.nationaleatingdisorders.org › learn › bedBinge Eating Disorder.
Which classic characteristic is common among patients diagnosed with bulimia nervosa?
The typical profile of a person with bulimia nervosa is an adolescent to young adult female who is impulsive, perfectionistic, hard-working, introverted, resistant to change and self-critical. They also tend to have low self-esteem based on body image distortion.
What are the two types of bulimia?
Specifically, there are two types of bulimia: Purging Type – When the binge episode is followed by self-induced vomiting or misuse of laxatives or diuretics. This is the most common form of bulimia. Non-Purging Type – When the binge episode is followed by excessive exercise or fasting.
Which personality trait is a risk factor for bulimia?
Personality traits such as neuroticism (emotional stability), obsessiveness, and perfectionism play a large role in facilitating some eating disorders, particularly anorexia and bulimia. Research suggests that these traits are at least partially driven by genetics.
What percentage of the population has bulimia?
Bulimia Statistics Surveys show a rate of approximately 1.5 percent of the US female population and 0.5 percent of the male population has experienced bulimia in their lifetimes. These percentages translate to 4.7 million females and 1.5 million males.
What is the number one cause of eating disorders?
The exact cause of eating disorders is unknown. As with other mental illnesses, there may be many causes, such as: Genetics and biology. Certain people may have genes that increase their risk of developing eating disorders.
What is the most common eating disorder in both males and females?
Binge eating disorderBinge eating disorderBinge eating disorder (BED) is an eating disorder characterized by frequent and recurrent binge eating episodes with associated negative psychological and social problems, but without the compensatory behaviors common to bulimia nervosa, OSFED, or the binge-purge subtype of anorexia nervosa.https://en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Binge_eating_disorderBinge eating disorder – Wikipedia is the most common eating disorder in the U.S., according to the National Eating Disorders Association. It’s characterized by episodes of eating large amounts of food, often quickly and to the point of discomfort.
What is the difference between ideal self and actual self?
“Actual self” is the way in which a person sees himself now. “Ideal self” is the way in which a person would like to see himself. “Social self” is the way in which a person believes others see him.
What is ought self in understanding the self?
The ought self is a self-guide attached to ideas about who persons feel they should be or should become. These selves are typically concerned with safety and responsibility. In contrast to the ought self is the ideal self, which represents who individuals want to become and is generally concerned with hopes and wishes.
What is actual self example?
Definition of the Actual Self For example, if I believe that I am a punctual person, then punctuality is part of my actual self. Similarly, if my colleagues describe me as being punctual and I am aware of this description, then punctuality is an attribute contained in my actual self.
What is discrepancy in psychology?
an incongruity between different aspects of one’s self-concept, particularly between one’s actual self and either the ideal self or the ought self. [ derived from the theory of U.S. psychologist E. Tory Higgins (1946– )]
How do you deal with self-discrepancies?
Learning about the effects of various coping styles (e.g., task-, emotion-, avoidance-oriented coping) will extend the current knowledge of self-discrepancy and may help individuals better deal with distress associated with self-discrepancies.
What is an example of a characteristic that would represent a discrepancy between your ideal self and your ought self?
The motivational properties of these selves are related to the specific emotions that are associated with the discrepancy between the actual self and either the ideal or ought self. For example, when our actual self does not align with our ideal self, we typically feel disappointed, sad, or despondent.
What are three characteristics of a person who has anorexia?
- Extreme weight loss or not making expected developmental weight gains.
- Thin appearance.
- Abnormal blood counts.
- Dizziness or fainting.
- Bluish discoloration of the fingers.
- Hair that thins, breaks or falls out.
What is the primary difference between anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa?
The main difference between diagnoses is that anorexia nervosa is a syndrome of self-starvation involving significant weight loss of 15 percent or more of ideal body weight, whereas patients with bulimia nervosa are, by definition, at normal weight or above.
Which of the following symptoms would indicate that a patient has binge eating disorder?
Eating rapidly during binge episodes. Eating until you’re uncomfortably full. Frequently eating alone or in secret. Feeling depressed, disgusted, ashamed, guilty or upset about your eating.
What is the primary distinction between bulimia nervosa and binge eating disorder quizlet Psych?
The most obvious difference is that people diagnosed with binge eating disorder do not force themselves to throw up (purge) the food they have just eaten. Alternately, people struggling with bulimia nervosa will eat and immediately empty the contents of their stomach.
Which medical complications are associated with the diagnosis of bulimia nervosa?
Bulimia nervosa can lead to a variety of general medical complications, including metabolic alkalosis, dehydration, constipation, and cardiac arrhythmias.