Listen to pronunciation. (a-nuh-REK-see-uh) An abnormal loss of the appetite for food. Anorexia can be caused by cancer, AIDS, a mental disorder (i.e., anorexia nervosa), or other diseases.
How are anorexia nervosa and bulimia different?
The main difference between diagnoses is that anorexia nervosa is a syndrome of self-starvation involving significant weight loss of 15 percent or more of ideal body weight, whereas patients with bulimia nervosa are, by definition, at normal weight or above.
What does anorexia nervosa and bulimia mean?
People who have anorexia severely reduce their calorie intake and/or purge to lose weight. People who have bulimia eat an excessive amount of food in a short period of time (binge eating) followed by certain behaviors to prevent weight gain. Such behaviors include: Intentional (self-induced) vomiting.
What are 5 characteristics of bulimia?
- Usually a normal or above average body weight.
- Recurrent episodes of binge eating and fear of not being able to stop eating.
- Self-induced vomiting (usually secretive)
- Excessive exercise.
- Excessive fasting.
- Peculiar eating habits or rituals.
What are 3 signs that a person may have anorexia or bulimia?
- Dramatic weight loss.
- Wearing loose, bulky clothes to hide weight loss.
- Preoccupation with food, dieting, counting calories, etc.
- Refusal to eat certain foods, such as carbs or fats.
- Avoiding mealtimes or eating in front of others.
What differences exist between bulimics and anorexics quizlet?
Anorexics have distorted body image, bulimics have accurate body image; anorexics significantly below normal weight, bulimic’s weight is average or above-average. Eating disorder characterized by an inability to maintain normal weight, an intense fear of gaining weight, and distorted body perception.
Which statement represents a similarity between anorexia and bulimia quizlet?
Which statement represents a similarity between anorexia and bulimia? They both most commonly affect women. Early intervention ______ the likelihood of recovery for a person with an eating disorder.
What is anorexia nervosa in simple words?
Anorexia (an-o-REK-see-uh) nervosa — often simply called anorexia — is an eating disorder characterized by an abnormally low body weight, an intense fear of gaining weight and a distorted perception of weight.
What does anorexia and bulimia have in common?
Bulimia vs Anorexia: Common Symptoms Symptoms for both disorders may show behaviorally, physically, or both. Behavioral symptoms include: Being preoccupied with food, body size, and/or dieting. Being unusually focused on body size or weight.
What are 4 characteristics of anorexia nervosa?
Anorexia nervosa is characterized by emaciation, a relentless pursuit of thinness and unwillingness to maintain a normal or healthy weight, a distortion of body image and intense fear of gaining weight, a lack of menstruation among girls and women, and extremely disturbed eating behavior.
What are 3 characteristics of bulimia?
- Being preoccupied with your body shape and weight.
- Living in fear of gaining weight.
- Repeated episodes of eating abnormally large amounts of food in one sitting.
- Feeling a loss of control during bingeing — like you can’t stop eating or can’t control what you eat.
What’s a primary characteristic of bulimia?
The diagnostic criteria for bulimia in the DSM are: 1) recurrent episodes of binge eating with a sense of lack of control occurring at least twice per week for at least three months, 2) recurrent, inappropriate compensatory behavior, such as vomiting, in order to prevent weight gain 3) and self-evaluation that is …
What are five warning signs of anorexia?
- Constant worry about dieting, food, calories, and weight.
- You complain a lot about being “fat”
- You refuse to eat whole groups of food, like carbohydrates.
- You pretend you’re not hungry when really you are.
- You stick to a difficult exercise schedule.
What are the most obvious signs of anorexia?
- Fluctuations in weight.
- Complaints of coldness or bluish coloration of the extremities.
- Recurring sickness and difficulty healing due to reduced immune response.
- Muscle weakness and fatigue.
- Hair loss.
- Heart palpitations, syncope (fainting) and other cardiac problems.
How can you tell if someone has ED?
Disappearance of food (which may indicate binge eating) Frequent dieting behavior and/or preoccupation with dieting. Frequent weight fluctuations, significant weight loss, or being significantly underweight. Poor body image.
What is the most significant characteristic of a person with bulimia quizlet?
What is the most insignificant characteristic of a person with bulimia? The person is close to her ideal body weight. Bulimia nervosa is more prevalent than anorexia nervosa in both women and men. You just studied 15 terms!
What is a key distinction between bulimia and binge eating disorder?
The most obvious difference is that people diagnosed with binge eating disorder do not force themselves to throw up (purge) the food they have just eaten. Alternately, people struggling with bulimia nervosa will eat and immediately empty the contents of their stomach.
What are the primary characteristics of anorexia nervosa quizlet?
What is the primary characteristic of anorexia nervosa? binge eating. have a distorted body image and do not perceive their appearances accurately.
Which of the following is a similarity between anorexics and bulimics?
As a generalized look at the similarities, they both: Are emotional disorders centered around using (or not using) food as a means of control and coping. Affect people who feel that their lives are out of control. Suffer from body image issues.
Which characteristic is very common in individuals with anorexia nervosa?
People who suffer from anorexia nervosa tend to have high levels of harm avoidance, a personality trait characterized by worrying, pessimism, and shyness, and low levels of novelty seeking, which includes impulsivity and preferring new or novel things (Fassino et al., 2002).
Which eating disorder has the highest mortality?
Background. Anorexia nervosa (AN) is a common eating disorder with the highest mortality rate of all psychiatric diseases.
What is the main difference between anorexia and anorexia nervosa?
“Anorexia” describes a simple inability or aversion to eating, whether caused by a medical problem or a mental health issue. “Anorexia nervosa,” however, is the name for the clinical eating disorder, the main symptom of which is self-starvation.
Does bulimia cause weight loss?
“Purging” is an unhealthy way to rid your body of those extra calories. (1) People with bulimia sometimes make themselves vomit to eliminate the calories they consume. The bingeing and purging cycle isn’t even an effective way to lose weight. Indeed, many people with bulimia actually gain weight over time.
Why do people have anorexia?
The causes that may contribute to a person developing anorexia nervosa include: Psychological factors, such as a high level of perfectionism or obsessive-compulsive personality traits, feeling limited control in life and low self-esteem, a tendency towards depression and anxiety and a poor reaction to stress.
In what ways are the symptoms of anorexia and bulimia similar?
- poor self-esteem and body image.
- irritability, agitation, or other mood changes.
- social isolation.