What is the most likely outcome of bulimia nervosa if left untreated?

If bulimia nervosa is left untreated, it can lead to a wide variety of complications. According to the Mayo Clinic, some of the most common bulimia nervosa side effects include: Severe tooth decay. Gum disease.

What are the health consequences of bulimia?

  • Dehydration.
  • Electrolyte imbalances.
  • Irregular heartbeat.
  • Heart failure.
  • Tooth decay.
  • Acid reflux.
  • Inflammation and rupture of esophagus.
  • Intestinal distress and irritation.

What are 3 effects of bulimia?

Bulimia signs and symptoms may include: Being preoccupied with your body shape and weight. Living in fear of gaining weight. Repeated episodes of eating abnormally large amounts of food in one sitting.

What is the most serious consequence of bulimia?

Health Consequences of Bulimia Nervosa Electrolyte imbalances that can lead to irregular heartbeats and possibly heart failure and death. Electrolyte imbalance is caused by dehydration and loss of potassium, sodium and chloride from the body as a result of purging behaviors.

What can long term bulimia cause?

Throat Damage Other long-term consequences of bulimia include damage to the kidneys, increased risk of kidney stones and kidney failure, diabetes, high cholesterol, hormonal imbalances, fertility problems, chronic dehydration, chronic fatigue, and electrolyte imbalances.

What are 5 physical effects of bulimia?

  • anemia.
  • low blood pressure and irregular heart rate.
  • dry skin.
  • ulcers.
  • decreased electrolyte levels and dehydration.
  • esophageal ruptures from excessive vomiting.
  • gastrointestinal problems.
  • irregular periods.

What are 5 characteristics of bulimia?

  • Usually a normal or above average body weight.
  • Recurrent episodes of binge eating and fear of not being able to stop eating.
  • Self-induced vomiting (usually secretive)
  • Excessive exercise.
  • Excessive fasting.
  • Peculiar eating habits or rituals.
  • Inappropriate use of laxatives or diuretics.

What are two physical consequences of bulimia nervosa?

Frequent purging may also cause issues throughout the digestive system. Many people with bulimia experience digestive problems, including acid reflux and stomach pain. The sphincter controlling the esophagus may become weaker, allowing acid to back up into the esophagus and causing gastrointestinal symptoms.

What are the long term effects of vomiting?

Continued vomiting may cause severe dehydration that can be life-threatening. Call your doctor if you or your child is showing symptoms of dehydration, such as: Excess thirst or dry mouth. Less urination.

How does bulimia affect the brain?

By studying the brain scans of women with and without bulimia, researchers have discovered that their brains react differently to food cues. They found that, in women with bulimia, there is less blood flow in a part of the brain that is linked to self-thinking.

What are 3 physiological changes that occur with bulimia nervosa?

Physiological effects of bulimia nervosa on the gastrointestinal tract include dental caries and enamel erosion; enlargement of the parotid gland; esophagitis; changes in gastric capacity and gastric emptying; gastric necrosis; and alterations of the intestinal mucosa.

Which of the following is a symptom of bulimia?

Behavioral and Emotional Symptoms of Bulimia Eating excessive amounts of food. Self-induced vomiting. Abuse of laxatives and diuretics. Excessive exercising.

What are the two types of bulimia?

Specifically, there are two types of bulimia: Purging Type – When the binge episode is followed by self-induced vomiting or misuse of laxatives or diuretics. This is the most common form of bulimia. Non-Purging Type – When the binge episode is followed by excessive exercise or fasting.

What are habits of bulimia?

Repetitive inappropriate self-induced compensated behaviors such a vomiting, diuretic use, laxative use, and extreme exercise (purging) in order to avoid weight gain potentially causes by the bingeing episodes. These behaviors occur at least once a week for at least three months in duration.

Which medical complications are associated with the diagnosis of bulimia nervosa?

Bulimia nervosa can lead to a variety of general medical complications, including metabolic alkalosis, dehydration, constipation, and cardiac arrhythmias.

What are the risk factors of bulimia?

  • Social isolation.
  • Change in mood or personality.
  • Refusing to eat in front of people.
  • Constantly talking about weight or food.
  • Impulsive behaviors.
  • Excessive or new substance or alcohol use.
  • Striving for perfectionism.
  • Intense fear of weight gain.

What does bulimia do to your face?

“Chipmunk Cheeks”: A Common Sign of Bulimia One of the telltale signs of bulimia is the appearance of swollen cheeks – colloquially known as “chipmunk cheeks” – on the sides of the face. Caused by the enlargement of the parotid glands (one of the salivary glands), the medical term for this phenomenon is sialadenosis.

What are 3 diseases that can cause vomiting?

  • foodborne illnesses (food poisoning)
  • indigestion.
  • bacterial or viral infections, like viral gastroenteritis, which is often referred to as a “stomach bug”
  • motion sickness.
  • chemotherapy.
  • migraine headaches.
  • medications, like antibiotics, morphine, or anesthesia.

What are the dangers of bulimia is not corrected?

  • Cardiac complications (irregular heartbeat and heart failure stemming from electrolyte imbalances such as potassium, sodium, and chloride)
  • Dehydration.
  • Edema (stemming from periods of purging cessation)
  • Ulcers, pancreatitis.

Can bulimia cause memory loss?

There are three particular diagnoses of eating disorders that have been linked to memory impairments: anorexia nervosa (AN), bulimia nervosa (BN), and binge eating disorder (BED).

What are 5 physical effects of anorexia?

  • Extreme weight loss or not making expected developmental weight gains.
  • Thin appearance.
  • Abnormal blood counts.
  • Fatigue.
  • Insomnia.
  • Dizziness or fainting.
  • Bluish discoloration of the fingers.
  • Hair that thins, breaks or falls out.

What type of addiction is bulimia?

Considering bulimia as a form of “food addiction” Resisting the urge to binge, like resisting an urge to use drugs, can feel intensely horrible despite knowing that such resistance would ultimately feel better down the road. New research published this month analyzes the similarities between bulimia and drug addiction.

When does bulimia typically begin?

The typical age of onset for bulimia nervosa is late adolescence or early adulthood, but onset can and does occur at any time throughout the lifespan. Bulimia nervosa typically begins in adolescence or early adulthood although it can strike at any age.

What are 3 treatments for bulimia?

The primary treatment for bulimia often combines psychotherapy, antidepressants, and nutritional counseling. It is helpful to find a psychologist or psychiatrist experienced in dealing with eating disorders.

How does bulimia affect the heart?

Conclusions and Relevance This study’s findings suggest that bulimia nervosa may be associated with the long-term risk of any cardiovascular disease, such as ischemic cardiac events and conduction disorders, as well as with death among women.

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