The most common age of onset is between 12-25. Although much more common in females, 10 percent of cases detected are in males.
What is a common characteristic of a person with bulimia?
Being preoccupied with your body shape and weight. Living in fear of gaining weight. Repeated episodes of eating abnormally large amounts of food in one sitting. Feeling a loss of control during bingeing — like you can’t stop eating or can’t control what you eat.
What are 3 warning signs of bulimia?
- Episodes of binge eating.
- Self-induced vomiting.
- Smelling like vomit.
- Misuse of laxatives and diuretics.
- Complaining about body image.
- Expressing guilt or shame about eating.
How does bulimia nervosa begin?
Bulimia, also called bulimia nervosa, tends to start in late childhood or early adulthood. You usually binge and purge in secret. You feel disgusted and ashamed when you binge, and relieved once you purge. People with bulimia usually weigh within the normal range for their age and height.
What are the risk factors of bulimia?
- Social isolation.
- Change in mood or personality.
- Refusing to eat in front of people.
- Constantly talking about weight or food.
- Impulsive behaviors.
- Excessive or new substance or alcohol use.
- Striving for perfectionism.
- Intense fear of weight gain.
Who is most affected by bulimia?
The majority of people diagnosed with bulimia nervosa are female, adolescent, and of normal or high weight. An estimated 1 to 4 percent of adolescent and young adult females in the United States are reported to have bulimia nervosa.
What are five effects that bulimia nervosa may have on the body?
- low blood pressure and irregular heart rate.
- dry skin.
- decreased electrolyte levels and dehydration.
- esophageal ruptures from excessive vomiting.
- gastrointestinal problems.
- irregular periods.
What is the most significant characteristic of a person with bulimia quizlet?
Bulimia nervosa, often simply called bulimia, is an eating disorder characterized by recurrent episodes of binge eating followed by inappropriate compensatory behaviors to avoid weight gain, such as purging, fasting, or excessively exercising.
What are some characteristics of bulimia nervosa quizlet?
The person regularly engages in either self-induced vomiting, use of laxatives or diuretics, strict dieting or fasting, or vigorous exercise to prevent weight gain.
Do people with bulimia smell like vomit?
The bathroom or even the person may smell like vomit. They may try to cover up the smell with mouthwash, perfume, air freshener, gum, or mints. Excessive exercising after eating.
What can long term bulimia cause?
Throat Damage Other long-term consequences of bulimia include damage to the kidneys, increased risk of kidney stones and kidney failure, diabetes, high cholesterol, hormonal imbalances, fertility problems, chronic dehydration, chronic fatigue, and electrolyte imbalances.
What are the behavioral signs of bulimia nervosa?
- Depression, anxiety.
- Extreme fear of gaining weight.
- Low self-esteem and dissatisfaction with one’s appearance.
- Social withdrawal.
- A lack of self-control.
- Denial of binging, purging and other harmful behavior.
When is bulimia considered severe?
Severe bulimia nervosa (BN) is defined as 8–13 binge/purge episodes per week), and extreme bulimia nervosa involves 14 or more binge/purge episodes per week. Unhealthy preoccupation with weight loss, body weight and shape; significant body image distortions.
What is bulimia face?
When a person has been engaging in self-induced vomiting regularly and they suddenly stop engaging in the behaviour, their salivary glands in front of their ears (cheeks) may begin to swell. This makes their cheeks look swollen.
How can you help someone with bulimia?
- Remind them that you believe in them and their ability to recover.
- Spend time together and give the person the opportunity to talk.
- Organise activities that give them a chance to enjoy themselves.
Who is most likely to have an eating disorder?
Teenage girls and young women are more likely than teenage boys and young men to have anorexia or bulimia, but males can have eating disorders, too. Although eating disorders can occur across a broad age range, they often develop in the teens and early 20s.
How does bulimia affect the brain?
By studying the brain scans of women with and without bulimia, researchers have discovered that their brains react differently to food cues. They found that, in women with bulimia, there is less blood flow in a part of the brain that is linked to self-thinking.
What organs are affected by bulimia?
Kidneys may suffer serious damage from dehydration caused by bulimia. That can lead to kidney failure. Severe dehydration can cause seizures or brain damage. Severe, untreated dehydration can be fatal.
What happens to your body when you stop bulimia?
Clearer skin (this is often experienced once the body has adjusted to hormonal and dietary changes as skin issues may be experienced during the initial stages of recovery) A decrease in anxiety and stress. Stabilised emotions and mood. Improvement in self-esteem.
How can you tell if someone is purging?
- Frequently weighs themselves.
- Often judges their appearance in the mirror.
- Won’t eat at restaurants.
- Always on a new diet.
- Doesn’t eat at regular mealtimes.
- Keeps large amounts of food around the house.
- Large amounts of food suddenly disappear.
Why does bulimia cause puffy face?
Puffy face People with bulimia nervosa may develop swollen parotid glands because of their repeated purging. These glands are just in front of the ears and may cause swelling in the face.
Which of the following symptoms would indicate that a patient has binge eating disorder?
Eating rapidly during binge episodes. Eating until you’re uncomfortably full. Frequently eating alone or in secret. Feeling depressed, disgusted, ashamed, guilty or upset about your eating.
Which of the following is a symptom of night eating syndrome?
A strong urge to eat between dinner and sleep. Insomnia four or five nights a week. A belief that eating is necessary to get to sleep or get back to sleep. A depressed mood that gets worse during evening hours.
Which psychological problem often occurs with bulimia nervosa group of answer choices?
Anxiety, particularly social anxiety, is often present in those with bulimia nervosa.
When treating a person with an eating disorder The first priority is?
The first priority in treating an eating disorder is to evaluate if the individual is healthy enough to receive outpatient therapy or if he/she needs to be hospitalized as an inpatient until weight can be stabilized. Once stable, an individual can seek outpatient therapy to assist in the treatment of the disorder.