Bulimia nervosa and anorexia nervosa may seem like polar opposites. After all, bulimia nervosa involves binge eating, while anorexia nervosa involves food restriction. When it comes to bulimia vs anorexia, the two disorders have more in common than you might think.
What is the onset of bulimia?
The eating disorders anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa, respectively, affect 0.5 percent and 2-3 percent of women over their lifetime. The most common age of onset is between 12-25. Although much more common in females, 10 percent of cases detected are in males.
How does bulimia nervosa begin?
The exact cause of bulimia is unknown. Many factors could play a role in the development of eating disorders, including genetics, biology, emotional health, societal expectations and other issues.
What are binges usually caused by?
Triggers for bingeing can include stress, poor body self-image and the availability of preferred binge foods.
What is a common result of bulimia nervosa?
You may experience depression, anxiety, or obsessive-compulsive behaviors. Moodiness and irritability may occur due to lack of vitamins or behaviors that come along with bulimia. For example, constant monitoring of food and weight can become an obsession.
What are warning signs of bulimia?
- Episodes of binge eating.
- Self-induced vomiting.
- Smelling like vomit.
- Misuse of laxatives and diuretics.
- Complaining about body image.
- Expressing guilt or shame about eating.
When does anorexia nervosa typically begin?
Anorexia nervosa typically begins between the ages of 13 and 18. Bulimia nervosa typically begins in late adolescence or early adulthood. Eating disorders can begin at any age, however. If untreated, eating disorders may last for many years.
Which of the following is a form of purging in bulimia nervosa?
5) In Bulimia Nervosa, the purging sub-type, vomiting is the most common form of purging.
What are the risk factors of bulimia?
- Social isolation.
- Change in mood or personality.
- Refusing to eat in front of people.
- Constantly talking about weight or food.
- Impulsive behaviors.
- Excessive or new substance or alcohol use.
- Striving for perfectionism.
- Intense fear of weight gain.
What happens to your body when you binge eat?
Gastrointestinal Effects They may experience bloating, abdominal pain, and nausea. Binge eating overloads a person’s system, which may result in low energy, sleepiness, and sluggishness. Eating large amounts of food in a short period of time also may result in acid reflux, cramping, heartburn, and diarrhea.
Which disease is caused by overeating?
People who binge eat are more likely to get type 2 diabetes, studies show. Diabetes can be a lifelong disease that requires ongoing treatment. If you have this condition, binge eating can make your blood sugar harder to control.
Which activity is an example of binging?
An example of binge eating would be eating a large amount of food in a short amount of time and feeling as if you were out of control. In general, binge eaters tend to eat more often than those who experience the occasional bout of overeating.
Does bulimia cause weight loss?
(1) People with bulimia sometimes make themselves vomit to eliminate the calories they consume. The bingeing and purging cycle isn’t even an effective way to lose weight. Indeed, many people with bulimia actually gain weight over time. Your body starts absorbing calories from the moment you put food in your mouth.
What does it mean when your body purges?
It refers to the act of compensating for or expelling food intake to influence body weight or “make up for” consuming calories. Purging is most commonly associated with self-induced vomiting but also includes the misuse of laxatives, diet pills, and diuretics, as well as excessive exercise.
Why is anorexia harder than bulimia?
Unlike anorexia nervosa, which is easily discernible given low body weight, the variance in weight presentation among bulimics makes this condition more difficult to diagnose.
What does bulimia do to your face?
“Chipmunk Cheeks”: A Common Sign of Bulimia One of the telltale signs of bulimia is the appearance of swollen cheeks – colloquially known as “chipmunk cheeks” – on the sides of the face. Caused by the enlargement of the parotid glands (one of the salivary glands), the medical term for this phenomenon is sialadenosis.
What is the most insignificant characteristic of a person with bulimia?
What is the most insignificant characteristic of a person with bulimia? The person is close to her ideal body weight. Bulimia nervosa is more prevalent than anorexia nervosa in both women and men. What is not a risk of being underweight?
Do people with bulimia smell like vomit?
The bathroom or even the person may smell like vomit. They may try to cover up the smell with mouthwash, perfume, air freshener, gum, or mints. Excessive exercising after eating.
What can long term bulimia cause?
Other long-term consequences of bulimia include damage to the kidneys, increased risk of kidney stones and kidney failure, diabetes, high cholesterol, hormonal imbalances, fertility problems, chronic dehydration, chronic fatigue, and electrolyte imbalances.
How do you diagnose bulimia?
- Talk to you about your eating habits, weight-loss methods and physical symptoms.
- Do a physical exam.
- Request blood and urine tests.
- Request a test that can identify problems with your heart (electrocardiogram)
- Perform a psychological evaluation, including a discussion of your attitude toward your body and weight.
What is the peak age for onset of anorexia nervosa quizlet?
The peak age of onset for anorexia nervosa is: between 14 and 20 years of age.
What is the youngest case of anorexia?
Such was the case with Mary Polan, who was diagnosed with an eating disorder at the age of 10 when her pediatrician noticed she wasn’t gaining weight.
Which patient type is considered the most likely to suffer from anorexia nervosa?
Anorexia is more common in girls and women. However, boys and men have increasingly developed eating disorders, possibly related to growing social pressures. Anorexia is also more common among teenagers. Still, people of any age can develop this eating disorder, though it’s rare in those over 40.
Which of the following is an example of purging?
Purging refers to ridding the body of food and/or calories consumed in order to lose weight or prevent weight gain. Self-induced vomiting, laxative abuse, diuretic abuse, enemas and excessive exercise are well-known purging behaviors.
Is purging disorder the same as bulimia nervosa?
While bulimia and purging disorder can both share purging behaviors, the main difference between the two is that there’s a compulsion to binge eat with bulimia. Purging disorder is defined as engaging in purging behaviors without it being in response to a binge-eating episode.