By studying the brain scans of women with and without bulimia, researchers have discovered that their brains react differently to food cues. They found that, in women with bulimia, there is less blood flow in a part of the brain that is linked to self-thinking.
Which of the following is a characteristic of people with anorexia nervosa?
Anorexia nervosa is characterized by emaciation, a relentless pursuit of thinness and unwillingness to maintain a normal or healthy weight, a distortion of body image and intense fear of gaining weight, a lack of menstruation among girls and women, and extremely disturbed eating behavior.
Which of the following is the most serious consequence of anorexia nervosa?
What are the Health Risks of Anorexia? Anorexia nervosa is a serious medical condition that can affect every organ system of the body. The most serious health risk of anorexia is increased mortality.
Which disorder is characterized by an unwillingness to maintain a healthy weight?
Symptoms of anorexia nervosa include: A relentless pursuit of thinness and unwillingness to maintain a normal or healthy weight.
What are 4 characteristics of anorexia nervosa?
Frequently skipping meals or refusing to eat. Denial of hunger or making excuses for not eating. Eating only a few certain “safe” foods, usually those low in fat and calories. Adopting rigid meal or eating rituals, such as spitting food out after chewing.
What is the main characteristic of anorexia nervosa quizlet?
Anorexia nervosa is a life-threatening eating disorder characterized by the client’s refusal or inability to maintain a minimally normal body weight, intense fear of gaining weight or becoming fat, significantly disturbed perception of the shape or size of the body, and steadfast inability or refusal to acknowledge the …
What are some consequences of anorexia nervosa?
Muscle loss and weakness. Severe dehydration, which can result in kidney failure. Fainting, fatigue, and overall weakness. Dry hair and skin; hair loss is common.
What are two physical consequences of anorexia nervosa?
With weight loss, those with anorexia experience nutritional deprivation, resulting in physical changes in their hair, skin and nails. As starvation occurs, blood flow slows, resulting in intolerance to cold temperatures and a bluish tint in the tips of fingers and ears (Brown & Mehler, 2017).
What are three long term effects of anorexia?
- Bone weakening (osteoporosis).
- Thyroid problems.
- Lack of vitamins and minerals.
- Low potassium levels in the blood.
- Decrease in white blood cells.
- Amenorrhea (absence of menstruation in females).
What part of the brain is affected by anorexia?
Most fMRI studies performed in patients with anorexia nervosa focused on food, taste, physical appearance and social cognition. Although very different in terms of the study protocol, the most common findings are increased activation of the amygdala and altered activation of the cingulate cortex.
Which of the following is one of the main characteristics of people suffering from anorexia?
The typical characteristics of a person with anorexia nervosa include: Low body mass index (
Do Anorexics have different brains?
They reveal that people with anorexia demonstrate ‘sizeable reductions’ in three critical measures of the brain: cortical thickness, subcortical volumes and cortical surface area. Reductions in brain size are significant because they are thought to imply the loss of brain cells or the connections between them.
Which of the following is not associated with anorexia nervosa quizlet?
The correct answer is C. Anorexia nervosa is a life-threatening eating disorder that causes a person to have an extremely low body weight due to his/her fear of gaining weight and having a distorted body image. In this case, binge eating is not a behavior that is associated with this condition.
Which of the following is a physiological change often associated with anorexia nervosa?
Which of the following is a physiological change often associated with anorexia nervosa? fever, diarrhea, and vomiting.
Which criterion is not required for a diagnosis of anorexia nervosa quizlet?
All of these features are required for a diagnosis of anorexia nervosa EXCEPT: intense fear of gaining weight and being fat.
What are the three essential diagnostic features of anorexia nervosa?
- Restriction of calorie consumption leading to weight loss or a failure to gain weight resulting in a significantly low body weight based on that person’s age, sex, height and stage of growth.
- Intense fear of gaining weight or becoming “fat.”
- Having a distorted view of themselves and their condition.
What is an example of anorexia?
You may see yourself as fat even though you have a very low body weight. With anorexia, you may use unusual eating habits to cope with stress, anxiety, and low self-esteem. Limiting food may give you a sense of control over your life. This problem affects more women than men.
Which behaviors occur in anorexia nervosa restricting type?
A person with the restricting subtype of anorexia nervosa severely restricts energy intake and weight loss occurs primarily through dieting, fasting and/or excessive exercise. Recurrent episodes of binge eating or purging behaviour have not been observed in the past three months.
Which one of the following is most closely associated with anorexia nervosa?
mental idea about his or her body. Which one of the following is most closely associated with anorexia nervosa? alternating binge eating and purging through vomiting, laxatives, or diuretics.
What are warning signs that a person may be suffering from anorexia nervosa quizlet?
- Rapid weight loss over several weeks or months.
- Continuing to diet/limited eating even when thin or when weight is very low.
- Having an unusual interest in food, calories, nutrition, or cooking.
- Intense fear of gaining weight.
- Strange eating habits or routines, such as eating in secret.
Which patient type is considered the most likely to suffer from anorexia nervosa?
Teen girls between 13 and 19 and young women in their early 20s are most at risk.
What are some risk factors of anorexia?
These include a family history of anorexia nervosa,1-3 obesity,4 eating and weight concerns,5 affective disorder,1,6-12 substance abuse,9-11,13 and obsessive-compulsive disorder11,12,14; a history of exposure to adverse events and circumstances15-18; and the presence of certain traits such as perfectionism, …
Why do people become anorexic?
The causes that may contribute to a person developing anorexia nervosa include: Psychological factors, such as a high level of perfectionism or obsessive-compulsive personality traits, feeling limited control in life and low self-esteem, a tendency towards depression and anxiety and a poor reaction to stress.
What is the prognosis for anorexia nervosa?
The prognosis of anorexia nervosa is guarded. Morbidity rates range from 10-20%, with only 50% of patients making a complete recovery. Of the remaining 50%, 20% remain emaciated and 25% remain thin. The remaining 10% become overweight or die of starvation.
What is the progression of anorexia nervosa?
Progression of Anorexia Nervosa (Self-Starvation, Malnutrition, Severe Weight Loss, Extreme Weight Loss) The age of onset of anorexia in women is usually between 10 and 30 years of age, seldom occurring after the age of 30 years.