Excessive exercise aimed at weight loss or at preventing weight gain is common in both anorexia nervosa and in bulimia.
What is the diagnostic criteria for anorexia?
To be diagnosed with anorexia nervosa according to the DSM-5, the following criteria must be met: Restriction of energy intake relative to requirements leading to a significantly low body weight in the context of age, sex, developmental trajectory, and physical health.
What are the criteria for the diagnosis of bulimia?
- Recurrent episodes of binge eating.
- Recurrent inappropriate compensatory behavior in order to prevent weight gain, such as self-induced vomiting, misuse of laxatives, diuretics, or other medications, fasting, or excessive exercise.
What is the DSM-5 code for anorexia?
01) (F50. 02) Anorexia nervosa is a DSM-5 (Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th ed.)
How can a health professional usually distinguish between anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa?
Bulimia nervosa is a cycle of binge eating followed by compensatory behaviors, such as self-induced vomiting, excessive exercise, or severely restricting food intake. Anorexia nervosa is characterized by severe food restriction. This could be limiting the amount of food or types of food.
Can someone have both anorexia and bulimia?
Research has shown that about one-third of those with anorexia cross over to bulimia and 14 percent of those with bulimia cross over to anorexia (Eddy, Dorer, Franko, et al., 2008).
What are the three essential diagnostic features of anorexia nervosa?
- Restriction of calorie consumption leading to weight loss or a failure to gain weight resulting in a significantly low body weight based on that person’s age, sex, height and stage of growth.
- Intense fear of gaining weight or becoming “fat.”
- Having a distorted view of themselves and their condition.
What are the three essential features of bulimia nervosa?
Bulimia Nervosa The essential features are binge eating and inappropriate compensatory behavior such as fasting, vomiting, using laxatives, or exercising to prevent weight gain.
What is the main difference between anorexia and anorexia nervosa?
“Anorexia” describes a simple inability or aversion to eating, whether caused by a medical problem or a mental health issue. “Anorexia nervosa,” however, is the name for the clinical eating disorder, the main symptom of which is self-starvation.
What is the DSM-5 definition of bulimia?
Bulimia nervosa is a DSM-5 (Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th ed.) diagnosis assigned to individuals who recurrently overeat and use inappropriate measures to prevent weight gain afterwards, such as purging, fasting or exercising excessively.
What is the classification of anorexia?
In the DSM-IV, anorexia nervosa is further classified into restrictive and binge-eating/purging subtypes according to the presence of bingeing and purging behaviours.
What is the central feature in anorexia nervosa?
The core psychological feature of anorexia nervosa is the extreme overvaluation of shape and weight. People with anorexia also have the physical capacity to tolerate extreme self imposed weight loss. Food restriction is only one aspect of the practices used to lose weight.
What are the two specifiers for anorexia nervosa?
The DSM-5 includes severity specifiers (i.e., mild, moderate, severe, extreme) for anorexia nervosa (AN), bulimia nervosa (BN), and binge-eating disorder (BED), which are determined by weight status (AN) and frequencies of binge-eating episodes (BED) or inappropriate compensatory behaviors (BN).
Which of the following is a diagnostic criterion for anorexia nervosa in DSM IV TR?
Refusal to maintain body weight at or above a minimally normal weight for age and height (eg, weight loss or failure to gain weight that leads to a body weight less than 85 percent of that expected for age and height). Intense fear of gaining weight or becoming fat, even though underweight.
Is eating disorder in the DSM V?
According to the DSM-5, the category of other specified feeding or eating disorder (OSFED) is applicable to individuals who are experiencing significant distress due to symptoms that are similar to disorders such as anorexia, bulimia, and binge-eating disorder, but who do not meet the full criteria for a diagnosis of …
In what ways are the symptoms of anorexia and bulimia similar?
- severe weight loss.
- weakness and fatigue.
- dizziness and fainting.
- thinning and breaking hair.
- bluish tinge to the fingers.
Which of the following is characteristic of anorexia nervosa but not of bulimia nervosa?
However, unlike bulimia, anorexia nervosa is also characterized by the significant restriction of energy intake, leading to significantly low body weight for a person’s age, sex, and overall health.
Which of the following is a way that anorexia nervosa is different from bulimia nervosa?
Which of the following is a way that anorexia nervosa is different from bulimia nervosa? Anorexia is associated with binge eating, and bulimia is associated with starvation.
What is diagnostic crossover?
Diagnostic crossover is defined as longitudinal changes in feeding and eating disorder symptoms that result in movement within or between feed- ing and eating disorder subtypes or diagnoses over time.
Which statement represents a similarity between anorexia and bulimia quizlet?
Which statement represents a similarity between anorexia and bulimia? They both most commonly affect women. Early intervention ______ the likelihood of recovery for a person with an eating disorder.
What is bulimia face?
When a person has been engaging in self-induced vomiting regularly and they suddenly stop engaging in the behaviour, their salivary glands in front of their ears (cheeks) may begin to swell. This makes their cheeks look swollen.
What are 4 characteristics of anorexia nervosa?
Anorexia nervosa is characterized by emaciation, a relentless pursuit of thinness and unwillingness to maintain a normal or healthy weight, a distortion of body image and intense fear of gaining weight, a lack of menstruation among girls and women, and extremely disturbed eating behavior.
Which of the following characteristics is common to individuals with anorexia?
According to the DSM, anorexics 1) refuse to maintain body weight at or above a minimally normal weight for their age and height, 2) experience intense fear of gaining weight or becoming fat, even though they are underweight, 3) misunderstand the seriousness of their weight loss, provide undue influence of body weight …
What labs are abnormal with bulimia?
Endocrine studies in patients with bulimia nervosa may exhibit the following abnormal findings: Decreased follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH), leuteinizing hormone (LH), and estradiol levels. Prolactin levels: Studies have documented both increased and decreased basal serum prolactin in association with bulimia nervosa.
What is the most insignificant characteristic of a person with bulimia?
What is the most insignificant characteristic of a person with bulimia? The person is close to her ideal body weight. Bulimia nervosa is more prevalent than anorexia nervosa in both women and men. What is not a risk of being underweight?