Anemia. Heart problems, such as mitral valve prolapse, abnormal heart rhythms or heart failure. Bone loss (osteoporosis), increasing the risk of fractures. Loss of muscle.
What are 4 risks factors associated with anorexia nervosa?
These include a family history of anorexia nervosa,1-3 obesity,4 eating and weight concerns,5 affective disorder,1,6-12 substance abuse,9-11,13 and obsessive-compulsive disorder11,12,14; a history of exposure to adverse events and circumstances15-18; and the presence of certain traits such as perfectionism, …
Typically, heart disease is the major cause of death in people with severe anorexia nervosa. One of the most common negative effects of anorexia is Bradycardia. Bradycardia is an abnormal slowness of the heart rhythms, below 60 beats per minute.
What health risks are associated with anorexia Why are people with anorexia unlikely to ask for health?
what health risks are associated with anorexia? Why are people with anorexia unlikely to ask for help? Health risks include starving to death. People with anorexia don’t ask for help because they deny that there is a problem.
What are three long term effects of anorexia?
- Bone weakening (osteoporosis).
- Thyroid problems.
- Lack of vitamins and minerals.
- Low potassium levels in the blood.
- Decrease in white blood cells.
- Amenorrhea (absence of menstruation in females).
What other disorders might occur with anorexia nervosa?
- Substance abuse/alcohol.
- Borderline personality disorder (BPD)
- Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD)
What are the 5 symptoms of anorexia?
The progression of anorexia can cause many changes and affect virtually all body organs. Symptoms may include fatigue, constipation, feeling cold, brittle hair and dry skin.
What happens to the body in anorexia nervosa?
Untreated, anorexia nervosa can lead to: Damaged organs, especially the heart, brain, and kidneys. Drop in blood pressure, pulse, and breathing rates. Loss of hair.
Which is a characteristic of an individual who suffers from anorexia nervosa?
Anorexia Nervosa is characterized by the National Institute of Mental Illness as individuals that have “a significant and persistent reduction in food intake leading to extremely low body weight; a relentless pursuit of thinness; a distortion of body image and intense fear of gaining weight; and extremely disturbed …
Which of the following is not associated with anorexia nervosa quizlet?
The correct answer is C. Anorexia nervosa is a life-threatening eating disorder that causes a person to have an extremely low body weight due to his/her fear of gaining weight and having a distorted body image. In this case, binge eating is not a behavior that is associated with this condition.
What are potential risk factors that may lead to eating disorders?
- Low self-esteem.
- Difficulty expressing emotions.
- Feelings of inadequacy and helplessness.
- Difficult personal relationships.
- History of physical or sexual abuse.
- History of bullying, particularly due to weight or physical appearance.
Which of the following is most likely to be a risk factor for eating disorders?
Perfectionism. One of the strongest risk factors for an eating disorder is perfectionism, especially a type of perfectionism called self-oriented perfectionism, which involves setting unrealistically high expectations for yourself.
Which of the following is a physiological change often associated with anorexia nervosa?
Which of the following is a physiological change often associated with anorexia nervosa? fever, diarrhea, and vomiting.
Does anorexia cause liver damage?
Anorexia nervosa is an eating disorder predominantly affecting young women and characterized by an intense fear of gaining weight and becoming fat. Liver injury with mild elevation of hepatic enzymes is a frequent complication, and steatosis of the liver is thought to be the major underlying pathology.
What is the main difference between anorexia and anorexia nervosa?
“Anorexia” describes a simple inability or aversion to eating, whether caused by a medical problem or a mental health issue. “Anorexia nervosa,” however, is the name for the clinical eating disorder, the main symptom of which is self-starvation.
What is the most common comorbid disorder with anorexia?
The most common comorbidities for the eating disorder group were anxiety disorders (71.4%), attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (47.9%), disruptive/impulse control disorders (45.0%), mood disorders (29.6%), and obsessive-compulsive disorder (28.8%), largely in line with previous research.
What disorders are often seen along with eating disorders?
There are three main types of eating disorders: anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa and binge eating disorder. Eating disorders often co-occur with other psychiatric disorders most commonly mood and anxiety disorders, obsessive compulsive disorder and alcohol and drug abuse problems.
Which disorders are often comorbid with eating disorders?
- bipolar disorder.
- panic and anxiety disorders.
- post-traumatic stress disorder(PTSD)
- obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD)
- obsessive compulsive personality disorder (which is different from OCD)
- borderline personality disorder.
- sleep disorders.
What are the most obvious signs of anorexia?
- Fluctuations in weight.
- Complaints of coldness or bluish coloration of the extremities.
- Recurring sickness and difficulty healing due to reduced immune response.
- Muscle weakness and fatigue.
- Hair loss.
- Heart palpitations, syncope (fainting) and other cardiac problems.
There are over 2,600 additional deaths per year from anorexia nervosa in the US. 50 – 80% of the risk for anorexia is genetic. 33 – 50% of anorexia patients have a comorbid mood disorder, such as depression. Mood disorders are more common in the binge/purge subtype than in the restrictive subtype.
What happens at the beginning of anorexia?
Irritability, over-sensitivity to criticism, perfectionism, compulsiveness, depression, unprovoked anxiety, and a desire to be alone are just a few of the indicators that often accompany the onset of anorexia or bulimia, and if any of these personality characteristics are manifesting at the same time as a food …
Why do people have anorexia?
The causes that may contribute to a person developing anorexia nervosa include: Psychological factors, such as a high level of perfectionism or obsessive-compulsive personality traits, feeling limited control in life and low self-esteem, a tendency towards depression and anxiety and a poor reaction to stress.
How is someone diagnosed with anorexia?
These exams and tests generally include: Physical exam. This may include measuring your height and weight; checking your vital signs, such as heart rate, blood pressure and temperature; checking your skin and nails for problems; listening to your heart and lungs; and examining your abdomen. Lab tests.
Which characteristic is associated with anorexia nervosa quizlet?
Anorexia nervosa is a life-threatening eating disorder characterized by the client’s refusal or inability to maintain a minimally normal body weight, intense fear of gaining weight or becoming fat, significantly disturbed perception of the shape or size of the body, and steadfast inability or refusal to acknowledge the …
What is a complication resulting from anorexia nervosa that is considered irreversible?
Bone loss. A serious and possibly irreversible complication of AN that correlates with the presence of sarcopenia is the loss of bone mineral density and a proclivity toward early development of osteopenia and osteoporosis, even in adolescent patients.