Which of the following are factors associated with adolescent anorexia or bulimia?

Factors that increase the risk for the onset of eating disorders in adolescents are: genetics, body changes during puberty, the vulnerability of adolescents to the ideals of thinness, social pressures to be thin, body image dissatisfaction, restrictive diet, depression and low self-esteem.

What does anorexia nervosa and bulimia mean?

Some people who have anorexia binge and purge, similar to individuals who have bulimia. But people with anorexia generally struggle with an abnormally low body weight, while individuals with bulimia typically are normal to above normal weight.

Is bulimia nervosa and anorexia nervosa the same condition?

The main difference between diagnoses is that anorexia nervosa is a syndrome of self-starvation involving significant weight loss of 15 percent or more of ideal body weight, whereas patients with bulimia nervosa are, by definition, at normal weight or above.

What do anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa have in common?

Bulimia vs Anorexia: Common Symptoms Symptoms for both disorders may show behaviorally, physically, or both. Behavioral symptoms include: Being preoccupied with food, body size, and/or dieting. Being unusually focused on body size or weight.

What is bulimia nervosa also called?

Bulimia nervosa, also known as simply bulimia, is an eating disorder characterized by binge eating followed by purging, and excessive concern with body shape and weight.

Is anorexia nervosa a psychiatric disorder?

Anorexia Nervosa. Anorexia nervosa is characterized by self-starvation and weight loss resulting in low weight for height and age. Anorexia has the highest mortality of any psychiatric diagnosis other than opioid use disorder and can be a very serious condition.

What is the main difference between anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa quizlet?

The main difference between diagnoses is that anorexia nervosa is a syndrome of self-starvation involving significant weight loss of 15 percent or more of ideal body weight, whereas patients with bulimia nervosa are, by definition, at normal weight or above.

Can someone have both anorexia and bulimia?

One-third of those with an intake diagnosis of anorexia nervosa experienced crossover to bulimia nervosa; while crossover from restricting-type anorexia nervosa to bulimia nervosa was unlikely, just over one-half of those with an intake diagnosis of binge eating/purging-type anorexia nervosa experienced crossover to …

Which statement represents a similarity between anorexia and bulimia quizlet?

Which statement represents a similarity between anorexia and bulimia? They both most commonly affect women. Early intervention ______ the likelihood of recovery for a person with an eating disorder.

When is bulimia nervosa or anorexia nervosa most likely to begin?

They are often diagnosed in teenagers and young adults, but many people are first diagnosed with an eating disorder in later adulthood. Sometimes the first signs and symptoms develop at a much younger age. Many changes occur in our bodies during adolescence. These changes can be very difficult for some youth.

Which of the following appear to be the main cause of anorexia and bulimia?

Genetic Factors However, twin study research, which can isolate the role of genetics, has confirmed that approximately 40% to 60% of the risk for anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa, and binge eating disorder arises from genetic influence.

Which characteristic is very common in individuals with anorexia nervosa?

People who suffer from anorexia nervosa tend to have high levels of harm avoidance, a personality trait characterized by worrying, pessimism, and shyness, and low levels of novelty seeking, which includes impulsivity and preferring new or novel things (Fassino et al., 2002).

Which psychological problem is often associated with anorexia nervosa?

Mental health problems may include depression and substance abuse. Other things that may play a role in anorexia are: Social attitudes.

Is bulimia a mental disease?

Bulimia nervosa (commonly known as bulimia) is an eating disorder and serious mental health problem. Someone with bulimia might feel parts of their lives are out of control and use purging to give them a sense of control. Bulimia is a serious condition that can cause long-term damage, but help is available.

What is bulimia nervosa characterized by?

Bulimia is an eating disorder. It is characterized by uncontrolled episodes of overeating, called bingeing. This is followed by purging with methods such as vomiting or misuse of laxatives. Bingeing is eating much larger amounts of food than you would normally eat in a short period of time, usually less than 2 hours.

What is a common result of bulimia nervosa?

Bulimia may cause numerous serious and even life-threatening complications. Possible complications include: Negative self-esteem and problems with relationships and social functioning. Dehydration, which can lead to major medical problems, such as kidney failure.

Is anorexia nervosa a chronic illness?

Bulimia nervosa and anorexia nervosa are frequently chronic, unremitting conditions associated with significant morbidity and mortality.

Is anorexia a form of depression?

For those suffering from anorexia, the undernourishment in the body cause changes in the brain, often causing a negative shift in mood which leads to depression. Additionally, negative body image and low self-esteem can stir feelings of anxiety and depression.

What are the names of the eating disorders?

  • Anorexia Nervosa.
  • Bulimia Nervosa.
  • Muscle Dysmorphia.
  • Binge Eating Disorder (BED)
  • Other Specified Feeding or Eating Disorder (OSFED)
  • Compulsive Over Eating (COE)
  • Prader Willi Syndrome.
  • Diabulimia.

Which option is a primary difference between anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa?

The primary difference between the conditions is that a person with anorexia may use strategies to lose or avoid gaining weight. A person with bulimia typically uses strategies to “purge” the food from their system following episodes of binge eating.

Which of the following is characteristic of anorexia nervosa but not of bulimia nervosa?

However, unlike bulimia, anorexia nervosa is also characterized by the significant restriction of energy intake, leading to significantly low body weight for a person’s age, sex, and overall health.

How do you diagnose bulimia nervosa?

  1. Talk to you about your eating habits, weight-loss methods and physical symptoms.
  2. Do a physical exam.
  3. Request blood and urine tests.
  4. Request a test that can identify problems with your heart (electrocardiogram)
  5. Perform a psychological evaluation, including a discussion of your attitude toward your body and weight.

Does bulimia cause weight loss?

“Purging” is an unhealthy way to rid your body of those extra calories. (1) People with bulimia sometimes make themselves vomit to eliminate the calories they consume. The bingeing and purging cycle isn’t even an effective way to lose weight. Indeed, many people with bulimia actually gain weight over time.

Can you have bed and bulimia?

Although BED and bulimia nervosa health risks differ slightly, anyone with either of these eating disorders is at a high risk of suffering medical complications which might require extensive hospitalization. Some medical complications could result in chronic problems demanding lifelong treatment.

Which of the following is a similarity between anorexics and bulimics?

As a generalized look at the similarities, they both: Are emotional disorders centered around using (or not using) food as a means of control and coping. Affect people who feel that their lives are out of control. Suffer from body image issues.

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