- very restricted eating habits.
- being underweight compared with others of a similar height and age.
- a fear of gaining weight, even when already underweight.
- an obsession with being thinner.
- a distorted view of the body.
- basing self-esteem on body weight or shape.
What is a common characteristic of anorexia nervosa?
Frequently skipping meals or refusing to eat. Denial of hunger or making excuses for not eating. Eating only a few certain “safe” foods, usually those low in fat and calories. Adopting rigid meal or eating rituals, such as spitting food out after chewing.
What is a common feature of anorexia nervosa quizlet?
Anorexia nervosa is a life-threatening eating disorder characterized by the client’s refusal or inability to maintain a minimally normal body weight, intense fear of gaining weight or becoming fat, significantly disturbed perception of the shape or size of the body, and steadfast inability or refusal to acknowledge the …
Which is a characteristic of a person with restricting type anorexia nervosa?
A person with anorexia nervosa restricts their energy intake, has a distorted body image and an intense fear of gaining weight.
What are the three essential diagnostic features of anorexia nervosa?
Anorexia nervosa is an eating disorder characterized by weight loss (or lack of appropriate weight gain in growing children); difficulties maintaining an appropriate body weight for height, age, and stature; and, in many individuals, distorted body image.
What personality traits do people with eating disorders have?
Personality traits commonly associated with eating disorder (ED) are high perfectionism, impulsivity, harm avoidance, reward dependence, sensation seeking, neuroticism, and obsessive-compulsiveness in combination with low self-directedness, assertiveness, and cooperativeness [8-11].
Which one of the following is most closely associated with anorexia nervosa?
mental idea about his or her body. Which one of the following is most closely associated with anorexia nervosa? alternating binge eating and purging through vomiting, laxatives, or diuretics.
What are warning signs that a person may be suffering from anorexia nervosa quizlet?
- Rapid weight loss over several weeks or months.
- Continuing to diet/limited eating even when thin or when weight is very low.
- Having an unusual interest in food, calories, nutrition, or cooking.
- Intense fear of gaining weight.
- Strange eating habits or routines, such as eating in secret.
What is characteristic for both anorexia and bulimia nervosa?
Both anorexia nervosa and bulimia are characterized by an overvalued drive for thinness and a disturbance in eating behavior.
What is the primary difference between anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa?
People with bulimia will eat large amounts of food and overcompensate by purging what they’ve eaten. In contrast, people with anorexia will reduce their calories to lose weight or maintain their ideal weight.
What is a common characteristic of a person with bulimia?
Living in fear of gaining weight. Repeated episodes of eating abnormally large amounts of food in one sitting. Feeling a loss of control during bingeing — like you can’t stop eating or can’t control what you eat. Forcing yourself to vomit or exercising too much to keep from gaining weight after bingeing.
What are the characteristics of individuals who are more likely to develop anorexia nervosa?
People who suffer from anorexia nervosa tend to have high levels of harm avoidance, a personality trait characterized by worrying, pessimism, and shyness, and low levels of novelty seeking, which includes impulsivity and preferring new or novel things (Fassino et al., 2002).
Which of the following is one of the main characteristics of people suffering from anorexia nervosa quizlet?
Which of the following is one of the characteristics of people suffering from anorexia nervosa? Their life revolves around food.
What other disorders might occur with anorexia nervosa?
- Substance abuse/alcohol.
- Borderline personality disorder (BPD)
- Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD)
What are the two types of anorexia nervosa?
Anorexia nervosa may be divided into 2 subtypes: Restricting, in which severe limitation of food intake is the primary means to weight loss. Binge-eating/purging type, in which there are periods of food intake that are compensated by self-induced vomiting, laxative or diuretic abuse, and/or excessive exercise.
How is someone diagnosed with anorexia?
These exams and tests generally include: Physical exam. This may include measuring your height and weight; checking your vital signs, such as heart rate, blood pressure and temperature; checking your skin and nails for problems; listening to your heart and lungs; and examining your abdomen. Lab tests.
What are the two subtypes of anorexia nervosa?
There are two subtypes of anorexia nervosa known as the restricting type and the bing-eating/purging type. Most individuals associate anorexia with the restricting subtype, which is characterized by the severe limitation of food as the primary means to lose weight.
What personality type is most likely to have an eating disorder?
The Prevalence of Personality Disorders in Eating Disorders For anorexia nervosa, binge-eating purging type, the most common personality disorder was borderline personality disorder, with a prevalence rate of about 25 percent.
Do people with anorexia have insight?
Patients with anorexia nervosa may be particularly impaired by poor insight (Arbel et al., 2013), as this disorder is characterized by distorted cognitions about body weight and shape and ambivalence about and variability in motivation to recover (Vitousek et al., 1998).
When treating a person with an eating disorder The first priority is?
The first priority in treating an eating disorder is to evaluate if the individual is healthy enough to receive outpatient therapy or if he/she needs to be hospitalized as an inpatient until weight can be stabilized. Once stable, an individual can seek outpatient therapy to assist in the treatment of the disorder.
Which behaviors are likely indications of disordered eating habits?
- Frequent dieting, anxiety associated with specific foods or meal skipping.
- Chronic weight fluctuations.
- Rigid rituals and routines surrounding food and exercise.
- Feelings of guilt and shame associated with eating.
Does bulimia cause weight loss?
“Purging” is an unhealthy way to rid your body of those extra calories. (1) People with bulimia sometimes make themselves vomit to eliminate the calories they consume. The bingeing and purging cycle isn’t even an effective way to lose weight. Indeed, many people with bulimia actually gain weight over time.
What is a potential health consequence specific to bulimia?
Some of the health consequences of bulimia nervosa include: Electrolyte imbalances that can lead to irregular heartbeats and possibly heart failure and death. Electrolyte imbalance is caused by dehydration and loss of potassium, sodium and chloride from the body as a result of purging behaviors.
What is the perceived body image of a person suffering from anorexia nervosa?
Individuals suffering from anorexia nervosa perceive their bodies as being larger than they are and this disturbed body representation affects their movements, according to new research.
Can you have anorexia without being underweight?
But unlike people with anorexia nervosa, those with atypical anorexia aren’t underweight. Their body weight tends to fall within or above the so-called normal range. Over time, people with atypical anorexia can become underweight and meet the criteria for anorexia nervosa.