Which of the following characteristics describe someone with anorexia nervosa?

According to the DSM, anorexics 1) refuse to maintain body weight at or above a minimally normal weight for their age and height, 2) experience intense fear of gaining weight or becoming fat, even though they are underweight, 3) misunderstand the seriousness of their weight loss, provide undue influence of body weight …

What is anorexia nervosa AP Psychology?

Anorexia nervosa: A disorder characterized by a strong desire to lose weight, a low BMI, and habitually restrictive eating.

What is the primary characteristic of anorexia nervosa group of answer choices?

Anorexia nervosa is a serious and potentially life-threatening — but treatable — eating disorder. It’s characterized by extreme food restriction and an intense fear of gaining weight.

What happens to the body in anorexia nervosa?

Untreated, anorexia nervosa can lead to: Damaged organs, especially the heart, brain, and kidneys. Drop in blood pressure, pulse, and breathing rates. Loss of hair.

Which patient type is considered the most likely to suffer from anorexia nervosa?

Teen girls between 13 and 19 and young women in their early 20s are most at risk.

Which of the following is not considered a personality disorder?

Which of the following is not considered a personality disorder? Explanation: Obsessive-compulsive disorder is an anxiety disorder, not a personality disorder.

What is bulimia characterized by?

Bulimia is an eating disorder. It is characterized by uncontrolled episodes of overeating, called bingeing. This is followed by purging with methods such as vomiting or misuse of laxatives. Bingeing is eating much larger amounts of food than you would normally eat in a short period of time, usually less than 2 hours.

What is the most common type of current treatment for patients with abnormal behavior?

The two most common types of treatment are psychotherapy and pharmacological treatment. Psychotherapies come in a variety of theoretical orientations and formats.

What are 4 characteristics of anorexia nervosa?

Anorexia nervosa is characterized by emaciation, a relentless pursuit of thinness and unwillingness to maintain a normal or healthy weight, a distortion of body image and intense fear of gaining weight, a lack of menstruation among girls and women, and extremely disturbed eating behavior.

How is someone diagnosed with anorexia?

These exams and tests generally include: Physical exam. This may include measuring your height and weight; checking your vital signs, such as heart rate, blood pressure and temperature; checking your skin and nails for problems; listening to your heart and lungs; and examining your abdomen. Lab tests.

Which psychological problem is often associated with anorexia nervosa?

Additionally, low self-esteem is also known to be one of the main causes of anorexia nervosa. These feelings often trigger individuals to obsess over how their bodies look to others, another symptom listed under the disorder.

What are common behaviors of anorexia?

Behavioral symptoms of anorexia may include attempts to lose weight by: Severely restricting food intake through dieting or fasting. Exercising excessively. Bingeing and self-induced vomiting to get rid of food, which may include the use of laxatives, enemas, diet aids or herbal products.

What are five warning signs of anorexia?

  • You don’t eat enough, so you’re underweight.
  • Your self-esteem is based on the way your body looks.
  • You are obsessed with and terrified of gaining weight.
  • It’s hard for you to sleep through the night.
  • Dizziness or fainting.
  • Your hair is falling out.
  • You no longer get your period.
  • Constipation.

What are 5 physical effects of anorexia?

Medical complications resulting from semistarvation and overexercising affect virtually every organ system. Common signs and symptoms include loss of subcutaneous fat tissue, orthostatic hypotension, bradycardia, impaired menstrual function, hair loss, and hypothermia.

At what age does anorexia typically begin?

Anorexia nervosa typically begins between the ages of 13 and 18. Bulimia nervosa typically begins in late adolescence or early adulthood. Eating disorders can begin at any age, however. If untreated, eating disorders may last for many years.

Why do people have anorexia?

The causes that may contribute to a person developing anorexia nervosa include: Psychological factors, such as a high level of perfectionism or obsessive-compulsive personality traits, feeling limited control in life and low self-esteem, a tendency towards depression and anxiety and a poor reaction to stress.

How long does anorexia last on average?

How long do eating disorders last? Research carried out in Australia suggests that the average duration of anorexia is eight years and five years for bulimia. However, these illnesses can also become severe and enduring, lasting for many years and having a hugely debilitating effect on the sufferers and their families.

What can be confused with narcissism?

Based on overlapping symptoms, Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD) and Narcissistic Personality Disorder (NPD) are often mistaken for one another. The two personality disorders even have a rate of co-occurrence of about 25 percent, according to the National Alliance on Mental Illness (NAMI).

What personality disorders are similar to narcissism?

Cluster B personality disorders are characterized by dramatic, overly emotional or unpredictable thinking or behavior. They include antisocial personality disorder, borderline personality disorder, histrionic personality disorder and narcissistic personality disorder.

What are the first signs of a personality disorder?

  • Enjoying being the center of attention and often uncomfortable if they’re not.
  • Manipulating others.
  • Dressing provocatively.
  • Sensitive to constructive criticism or in general.
  • Showing a lack of concern for others.
  • Suicidal tendencies.
  • Strong opinions, with a lack of evidence to support beliefs.

What other disorders might occur with anorexia nervosa?

  • Anxiety.
  • Depression.
  • Substance abuse/alcohol.
  • Self-injury.
  • Borderline personality disorder (BPD)
  • Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD)

What are 3 warning signs of bulimia?

  • Episodes of binge eating.
  • Self-induced vomiting.
  • Smelling like vomit.
  • Misuse of laxatives and diuretics.
  • Complaining about body image.
  • Expressing guilt or shame about eating.
  • Depression.
  • Irritability.

What is the perceived body image of a person suffering from anorexia nervosa?

Individuals suffering from anorexia nervosa perceive their bodies as being larger than they are and this disturbed body representation affects their movements, according to new research.

What are the two most common mood disorders?

Mood disorders can cause changes in your behavior and can affect your ability to perform routine activities, such as work or school. Two of the most common mood disorders are depression and bipolar disorder.

Is a form of mental disability?

Mood disorders: These disorders, also called affective disorders, involve persistent feelings of sadness or periods of feeling overly happy, or fluctuations from extreme happiness to extreme sadness. The most common mood disorders are depression, bipolar disorder, and cyclothymic disorder.

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