Which of the following is a diagnostic criteria for anorexia nervosa in DSM?

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Refusal to maintain body weight at or above a minimally normal weight for age and height (eg, weight loss or failure to gain weight that leads to a body weight less than 85 percent of that expected for age and height). Intense fear of gaining weight or becoming fat, even though underweight.

What are 5 physical characteristics of anorexia?

  • Extreme weight loss or not making expected developmental weight gains.
  • Thin appearance.
  • Abnormal blood counts.
  • Fatigue.
  • Insomnia.
  • Dizziness or fainting.
  • Bluish discoloration of the fingers.
  • Hair that thins, breaks or falls out.

What are the key characteristics of anorexia nervosa?

Anorexia nervosa is characterized by emaciation, a relentless pursuit of thinness and unwillingness to maintain a normal or healthy weight, a distortion of body image and intense fear of gaining weight, a lack of menstruation among girls and women, and extremely disturbed eating behavior.

What are 6 symptoms of anorexia?

  • Purging for Weight Control. Share on Pinterest.
  • Obsession With Food, Calories and Dieting.
  • Changes in Mood and Emotional State.
  • Distorted Body Image.
  • Excessive Exercise.
  • Denial of Hunger and Refusal to Eat.
  • Engaging in Food Rituals.
  • Alcohol or Drug Abuse.

What are the characteristics of anorexia nervosa and bulimia?

Bulimia nervosa is a cycle of binge eating followed by compensatory behaviors, such as self-induced vomiting, excessive exercise, or severely restricting food intake. Anorexia nervosa is characterized by severe food restriction. This could be limiting the amount of food or types of food.

What are five warning signs of anorexia?

  • You don’t eat enough, so you’re underweight.
  • Your self-esteem is based on the way your body looks.
  • You are obsessed with and terrified of gaining weight.
  • It’s hard for you to sleep through the night.
  • Dizziness or fainting.
  • Your hair is falling out.
  • You no longer get your period.
  • Constipation.

What is the main difference between anorexia and anorexia nervosa?

“Anorexia” describes a simple inability or aversion to eating, whether caused by a medical problem or a mental health issue. “Anorexia nervosa,” however, is the name for the clinical eating disorder, the main symptom of which is self-starvation.

How is someone diagnosed with anorexia?

These exams and tests generally include: Physical exam. This may include measuring your height and weight; checking your vital signs, such as heart rate, blood pressure and temperature; checking your skin and nails for problems; listening to your heart and lungs; and examining your abdomen. Lab tests.

What is a prominent characteristic of individuals with eating disorders?

Anorexia Nervosa (AN): An eating disorder, the main features of which include a refusal to maintain a minimal body weight, a pathological fear of gaining weight and a distorted body image in which sufferers continue to insist they are overweight.

What types of people have anorexia?

Anorexia is more common among girls and women than boys and men. Anorexia is also more common among girls and younger women than older women. On average, girls develop anorexia at 16 or 17. Teen girls between 13 and 19 and young women in their early 20s are most at risk.

What is the primary characteristic of anorexia nervosa quizlet?

According to the DSM, anorexics 1) refuse to maintain body weight at or above a minimally normal weight for their age and height, 2) experience intense fear of gaining weight or becoming fat, even though they are underweight, 3) misunderstand the seriousness of their weight loss, provide undue influence of body weight …

What are some warning signs a person with anorexia might display?

  • Extreme weight loss.
  • Emaciated appearance.
  • Yellowing skin.
  • Brittle nails.
  • Irregular heartbeat.
  • Frequent abdominal pain.
  • Dizziness.
  • Fatigue.

How can you tell if someone has ED?

Eating disorders may also look different in children. Disappearance of food (which may indicate binge eating) Frequent dieting behavior and/or preoccupation with dieting. Frequent weight fluctuations, significant weight loss, or being significantly underweight.

Which is a characteristic of a person with restricting type anorexia nervosa?

Restricting Type: during the current episode of Anorexia Nervosa, the person has not regularly engaged in binge-eating or purging behavior (i.e., self-induced vomiting or the misuse of laxatives, diuretics, or enemas).

What are red flags for anorexia?

If you are concerned that you or someone you know has anorexia, watch for these red flags that may indicate the need for anorexia treatment: Frequent comments about feeling fat or overweight, despite weight loss. Consistent excuses to avoid mealtimes or situations involving food. Lying about how much food has been …

What are 3 statistics related to anorexia nervosa?

There are over 2,600 additional deaths per year from anorexia nervosa in the US. 50 – 80% of the risk for anorexia is genetic. 33 – 50% of anorexia patients have a comorbid mood disorder, such as depression. Mood disorders are more common in the binge/purge subtype than in the restrictive subtype.

What are 3 warning signs of bulimia?

  • Episodes of binge eating.
  • Self-induced vomiting.
  • Smelling like vomit.
  • Misuse of laxatives and diuretics.
  • Complaining about body image.
  • Expressing guilt or shame about eating.
  • Depression.
  • Irritability.

What are the symptoms of not eating?

Some of the initial symptoms are a result of the body not having enough sugar and include shakiness, irritability, nausea, and more. In most cases, eating resolves these symptoms. If a person continues not to eat, they can have slurred speech, confusion, syncope (fainting), or seizures.

Why is it called anorexia nervosa?

Anorexia is a term of Greek origin: an- (ἀν-, prefix denoting negation) and orexis (ὄρεξις, “appetite”), translating literally to “a loss of appetite”; the adjective nervosa indicating the functional and non-organic nature of the disorder.

What assessment is used for anorexia nervosa?

Nutritional, weight, and eating behaviour assessment.

What are two subtypes of anorexia nervosa?

There are two subtypes of anorexia nervosa known as the restricting type and the bing-eating/purging type. Most individuals associate anorexia with the restricting subtype, which is characterized by the severe limitation of food as the primary means to lose weight.

What blood tests are done for anorexia?

  • Complete blood count (CBC)
  • Checks for levels of albumin (a liver protein)
  • Measure of electrolytes.
  • Kidney function tests.
  • Liver function tests.
  • Measure of total protein.
  • Thyroid function tests.

What is an eating disorder describe the characteristics?

Eating disorders are serious conditions related to persistent eating behaviors that negatively impact your health, your emotions and your ability to function in important areas of life. The most common eating disorders are anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa and binge-eating disorder.

What is anorexia neurosis?

Anorexia nervosa is a life-threatening eating disorder and a serious mental illness. It causes severe weight loss. Having an eating disorder is not about vanity. People with anorexia nervosa commonly have an unhealthy focus on food, weight or body shape.

What are two possible causes of anorexia?

  • Perfectionistic personality.
  • Difficulty communicating negative emotions.
  • Difficulty resolving conflict.
  • Low self-esteem.
  • Maternal encouragement of weight loss and negatively expressed emotion from the individual’s mother.
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