Which of the following is the best definition of anorexia nervosa?

Anorexia nervosa is an eating disorder characterized by weight loss (or lack of appropriate weight gain in growing children); difficulties maintaining an appropriate body weight for height, age, and stature; and, in many individuals, distorted body image.

What is the medical definition for anorexia?

(a-nuh-REK-see-uh) An abnormal loss of the appetite for food. Anorexia can be caused by cancer, AIDS, a mental disorder (i.e., anorexia nervosa), or other diseases.

What is the literal meaning of anorexia nervosa?

Definition of anorexia nervosa : a serious disorder in eating behavior that is characterized especially by a pathological fear of weight gain leading to faulty eating patterns, malnutrition, and usually excessive weight loss and that occurs most commonly in young women in their teens and early twenties.

What is the main difference between anorexia and bulimia quizlet?

The main difference between diagnoses is that anorexia nervosa is a syndrome of self-starvation involving significant weight loss of 15 percent or more of ideal body weight, whereas patients with bulimia nervosa are, by definition, at normal weight or above.

What is the main difference between anorexia and anorexia nervosa?

But there are differences between the two. Anorexia nervosa doesn’t cause loss of appetite. People with anorexia nervosa purposely avoid food to prevent weight gain. People who suffer from anorexia (loss of appetite) unintentionally lose interest in food.

What happens to the body in anorexia nervosa?

This eating disorder can cause the heart to beat too fast or too slow. It also can cause heart failure. Anorexia causes bones to weaken and thin. That can lead to osteoporosis, a bone disease.

What are the 5 symptoms of anorexia?

The progression of anorexia can cause many changes and affect virtually all body organs. Symptoms may include fatigue, constipation, feeling cold, brittle hair and dry skin.

What are 4 characteristics of anorexia nervosa?

Anorexia nervosa is characterized by emaciation, a relentless pursuit of thinness and unwillingness to maintain a normal or healthy weight, a distortion of body image and intense fear of gaining weight, a lack of menstruation among girls and women, and extremely disturbed eating behavior.

Is anorexia a mental or physical?

Like other eating disorders, anorexia is both a mental and a physical illness. It is a complex medical and psychiatric illnesses that can have serious health, personal and relational consequences.

What is one of the main difference between bulimia nervosa and anorexia nervosa?

People with bulimia will eat large amounts of food and overcompensate by purging what they’ve eaten. In contrast, people with anorexia will reduce their calories to lose weight or maintain their ideal weight.

Which option is a primary difference between anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa?

The primary difference between the conditions is that a person with anorexia may use strategies to lose or avoid gaining weight. A person with bulimia typically uses strategies to “purge” the food from their system following episodes of binge eating.

Which of the following is a way that anorexia is different from bulimia?

Defining Bulimia and Anorexia Bulimia nervosa is a cycle of binge eating followed by compensatory behaviors, such as self-induced vomiting, excessive exercise, or severely restricting food intake. Anorexia nervosa is characterized by severe food restriction. This could be limiting the amount of food or types of food.

Why do people have anorexia?

The causes that may contribute to a person developing anorexia nervosa include: Psychological factors, such as a high level of perfectionism or obsessive-compulsive personality traits, feeling limited control in life and low self-esteem, a tendency towards depression and anxiety and a poor reaction to stress.

How is someone diagnosed with anorexia?

These exams and tests generally include: Physical exam. This may include measuring your height and weight; checking your vital signs, such as heart rate, blood pressure and temperature; checking your skin and nails for problems; listening to your heart and lungs; and examining your abdomen. Lab tests.

Which of these is a symptoms of anorexia nervosa?

The symptoms of anorexia often include the following: Rapid weight loss over several weeks or months. Continuing to diet/limited eating even when thin or when weight is very low. Having an unusual interest in food, calories, nutrition, or cooking.

Can I have anorexia if I’m not underweight?

A person does not need to be underweight to have anorexia. Larger-bodied individuals can also have anorexia. However, they may be less likely to be diagnosed due to cultural stigma against fat and obesity. In addition, someone can be underweight without having anorexia.

What is it called when you don’t like eating?

Anorexia. If you get an anorexia diagnosis (known as anorexia nervosa), you’re not eating enough food.

What are three long term effects of anorexia?

  • Bone weakening (osteoporosis).
  • Anemia.
  • Seizures.
  • Thyroid problems.
  • Lack of vitamins and minerals.
  • Low potassium levels in the blood.
  • Decrease in white blood cells.
  • Amenorrhea (absence of menstruation in females).

What are common behaviors of anorexia?

believing you’re fat when you’re a healthy weight or underweight. taking medicine to reduce your hunger (appetite suppressants) your periods stopping (in women who have not reached menopause) or not starting (in younger women and girls) physical problems, such as feeling lightheaded or dizzy, hair loss or dry skin.

How long will an anorexic live?

5-10% of anorexics die within 10 years after contracting the disease and 18-20% of anorexics will be dead after 20 years. Anorexia nervosa has the highest death rate of any psychiatric illness (including major depression).

What happens at the beginning of anorexia?

Warning Signs of Anorexia Constant worry about dieting, food, calories, and weight. You complain a lot about being “fat” You refuse to eat whole groups of food, like carbohydrates. You pretend you’re not hungry when really you are.

Can anorexia be fully cured?

Many Patients with Anorexia Nervosa Get Better, But Complete Recovery Elusive to Most. Three in four patients with anorexia nervosa – including many with challenging illness – make a partial recovery. But just 21 percent make a full recovery, a milestone that is most likely to signal permanent remission.

What are red flags for anorexia?

If you are concerned that you or someone you know has anorexia, watch for these red flags that may indicate the need for anorexia treatment: Frequent comments about feeling fat or overweight, despite weight loss. Consistent excuses to avoid mealtimes or situations involving food. Lying about how much food has been …

When does anorexia nervosa typically begin?

Anorexia nervosa typically begins between the ages of 13 and 18. Bulimia nervosa typically begins in late adolescence or early adulthood. Eating disorders can begin at any age, however. If untreated, eating disorders may last for many years.

How many types of anorexia nervosa are there?

Anorexia nervosa may be divided into 2 subtypes: Restricting, in which severe limitation of food intake is the primary means to weight loss. Binge-eating/purging type, in which there are periods of food intake that are compensated by self-induced vomiting, laxative or diuretic abuse, and/or excessive exercise.

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