Anorexia is more common among girls and women than boys and men. Anorexia is also more common among girls and younger women than older women. On average, girls develop anorexia at 16 or 17. Teen girls between 13 and 19 and young women in their early 20s are most at risk.
Which is true about the prevalence of anorexia nervosa?
The lifetime prevalence of anorexia nervosa in adults was 0.6%. Lifetime prevalence of anorexia nervosa was three times higher among females (0.9%) than males (0.3%).
Which of the following is the best definition of anorexia nervosa?
Anorexia (an-o-REK-see-uh) nervosa — often simply called anorexia — is an eating disorder characterized by an abnormally low body weight, an intense fear of gaining weight and a distorted perception of weight.
Which of the following is a characteristic of people with anorexia nervosa?
Anorexia nervosa is characterized by emaciation, a relentless pursuit of thinness and unwillingness to maintain a normal or healthy weight, a distortion of body image and intense fear of gaining weight, a lack of menstruation among girls and women, and extremely disturbed eating behavior.
What type of personality do people with anorexia typically have?
People who suffer from anorexia nervosa tend to have high levels of harm avoidance, a personality trait characterized by worrying, pessimism, and shyness, and low levels of novelty seeking, which includes impulsivity and preferring new or novel things (Fassino et al., 2002).
What is the mortality rate of anorexia nervosa?
5-10% of anorexics die within 10 years after contracting the disease and 18-20% of anorexics will be dead after 20 years. Anorexia nervosa has the highest death rate of any psychiatric illness (including major depression).
Which of the following symptoms confirm anorexia nervosa?
- Purging for Weight Control. Share on Pinterest.
- Obsession With Food, Calories and Dieting.
- Changes in Mood and Emotional State.
- Distorted Body Image.
- Excessive Exercise.
- Denial of Hunger and Refusal to Eat.
- Engaging in Food Rituals.
- Alcohol or Drug Abuse.
Which of the following is the most serious consequence of anorexia nervosa?
What are the Health Risks of Anorexia? Anorexia nervosa is a serious medical condition that can affect every organ system of the body. The most serious health risk of anorexia is increased mortality.
What is the literal meaning of anorexia nervosa?
Anorexia is a term of Greek origin: an- (ἀν-, prefix denoting negation) and orexis (ὄρεξις, “appetite”), translating literally to “a loss of appetite”; the adjective nervosa indicating the functional and non-organic nature of the disorder.
What is the main characteristic of anorexia nervosa quizlet?
Anorexia nervosa is a life-threatening eating disorder characterized by the client’s refusal or inability to maintain a minimally normal body weight, intense fear of gaining weight or becoming fat, significantly disturbed perception of the shape or size of the body, and steadfast inability or refusal to acknowledge the …
What are some characteristics of anorexia nervosa quizlet?
What are some characteristics of anorexia nervosa? Extreme weight loss, distorted body image, and irrational fear of weight gain.
What happens to the body in anorexia nervosa?
Untreated, anorexia nervosa can lead to: Damaged organs, especially the heart, brain, and kidneys. Drop in blood pressure, pulse, and breathing rates. Loss of hair.
Which of the following people is most likely to suffer from anorexia nervosa quizlet?
White females ages 15-24 represent the greatest risk for being diagnosed with anorexia. The restrictive type of anorexia is related to higher risk of substance use disorders and greater likelihood of suicidal ideation and attempts than with the binge-eating/purging type of anorexia.
What are some risk factors of anorexia?
These include a family history of anorexia nervosa,1-3 obesity,4 eating and weight concerns,5 affective disorder,1,6-12 substance abuse,9-11,13 and obsessive-compulsive disorder11,12,14; a history of exposure to adverse events and circumstances15-18; and the presence of certain traits such as perfectionism, …
Which of the following is one of the diagnostic criteria for anorexia nervosa?
To be diagnosed with anorexia nervosa according to the DSM-5, the following criteria must be met: Restriction of energy intake relative to requirements leading to a significantly low body weight in the context of age, sex, developmental trajectory, and physical health.
Which patient type is considered the most likely to suffer from anorexia nervosa?
While eating disorders can occur in both men and women, females are as much as ten times more likely to develop anorexia or bulimia and 2.5 times more likely to experience binge eating disorder. This means simply that women and girls are at a higher risk for developing an eating disorder.
Which psychological problem is often associated with anorexia nervosa?
Additionally, low self-esteem is also known to be one of the main causes of anorexia nervosa. These feelings often trigger individuals to obsess over how their bodies look to others, another symptom listed under the disorder.
When treating a person with an eating disorder The first priority is?
The first priority in treating an eating disorder is to evaluate if the individual is healthy enough to receive outpatient therapy or if he/she needs to be hospitalized as an inpatient until weight can be stabilized. Once stable, an individual can seek outpatient therapy to assist in the treatment of the disorder.
How long is recovery from anorexia?
Brain Recovery After Anorexia Parents of patients with anorexia report a range of time, from six months to two-plus years for full “brain healing” to occur.
How does anorexia develop?
The causes that may contribute to a person developing anorexia nervosa include: Psychological factors, such as a high level of perfectionism or obsessive-compulsive personality traits, feeling limited control in life and low self-esteem, a tendency towards depression and anxiety and a poor reaction to stress.
What mental disorder has the highest death rate?
Anorexia nervosa (AN) is a common eating disorder with the highest mortality rate of all psychiatric diseases.
What are the three essential diagnostic features of anorexia nervosa?
- Restriction of calorie consumption leading to weight loss or a failure to gain weight resulting in a significantly low body weight based on that person’s age, sex, height and stage of growth.
- Intense fear of gaining weight or becoming “fat.”
- Having a distorted view of themselves and their condition.
Which of the following is a goal for a person with anorexia nervosa?
Goals of eating disorder treatment include: Restoring patients to a healthy body weight. Stabilizing accompanying symptoms and medical conditions of the eating disorder. Reducing or eliminating negative behaviors including bingeing, purging, and compulsive exercise.
What is the perceived body image of a person suffering from anorexia nervosa?
Individuals suffering from anorexia nervosa perceive their bodies as being larger than they are and this disturbed body representation affects their movements, according to new research.
What are three long term effects of anorexia?
- Bone weakening (osteoporosis).
- Thyroid problems.
- Lack of vitamins and minerals.
- Low potassium levels in the blood.
- Decrease in white blood cells.
- Amenorrhea (absence of menstruation in females).