Which of the following problems is a possible medical complication of anorexia nervosa?

Other complications of anorexia include: Anemia. Heart problems, such as mitral valve prolapse, abnormal heart rhythms or heart failure. Bone loss (osteoporosis), increasing the risk of fractures.

What is a likely long term consequence of anorexia nervosa?

In severe cases, the long-term health risks of anorexia may result in suffering nerve damage that affects the brain and other parts of the body. As a result, these nervous system conditions can include: Seizures. Disordered thinking. Numbness or tingling in the hands or feet (peripheral neuropathy)

Can stress cause eating disorders and depression?

Chronic stress may be expressed emotionally (anxiety, anger, depression), physiologically (physical decline and illness) and behaviorally resulting in impaired social functioning and maladaptive behaviors, and may result not only in the development of an eating disorder but in its maintenance as well.

How do you cope with anorexia nervosa?

  1. Set Goals You Can Meet. Your biggest goal is to stick with the treatment plan that you and your doctor create.
  2. Practice Smart Eating Habits.
  3. Wear Clothes You Like.
  4. Pamper Yourself.
  5. Ask for Emotional Support.
  6. Help Others.
  7. Give Your Mind a Rest.

Which personality characteristic has been associated with anorexia?

Individuals with anorexia nervosa are known to have high levels of harm avoidance, a personality trait that is characterized by worry, pessimistic thinking, doubt, and shyness.

What other disorders might occur along with anorexia nervosa?

  • Anxiety.
  • Depression.
  • Substance abuse/alcohol.
  • Self-injury.
  • Borderline personality disorder (BPD)
  • Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD)

When does anorexia become irreversible?

The first victim of anorexia is often the bones. “You’re supposed to be pouring in bone, and you’re losing it instead.” Such bone loss can set in as soon as six months after anorexic behavior begins, and is one of the most irreversible complications of the disease.

When does anorexia become serious?

The disorder is diagnosed when a person weighs at least 15% less than their normal/ideal body weight. Extreme weight loss in people with anorexia nervosa can lead to dangerous health problems and even death.

What are two long-term effects of anorexia?

Many individuals who struggle with anorexia have some form of osteopenia or osteoporosis, creating an increased risk of breaks and fractures. Yet other long-term effects for women include loss of normal menstruation, difficulties conceiving, infertility and more.

Does depression lead to anorexia?

While there is no one exact cause of an eating disorder, we do know that depression can be a risk factor. Research shows that 32-39% of people with anorexia nervosa, 36-50% of people with bulimia nervosa, and 33% of people with binge eating disorder are also diagnosed with major depressive disorder.

Is clinical depression associated with eating disorders?

Depression and Eating Disorders. Major Depressive Disorder is one of the most common mental health diagnoses to co-occur with eating disorders [1]. Between 50% to 75% of those that struggle with an eating disorder will also experience symptoms of depression [2].

Can Undereating cause depression?

Depression: Mood is badly affected by under-eating. Many of the nutrients in food affect the emotional centres of our brain and reducing these nutrients or affecting their balance has an adverse effect on mood. Under-eaters generally feel depressed, low, and prone to be easily irritated or enraged.

What is the first treatment objective when treating a patient with anorexia nervosa?

The first goal of treatment is getting back to a healthy weight. You can’t recover from anorexia without returning to a healthy weight and learning proper nutrition. Those involved in this process may include: Your primary care doctor, who can provide medical care and supervise your calorie needs and weight gain.

Which of the following is a goal for a person with anorexia nervosa?

The goals of treatment for anorexia include: Stabilizing weight loss. Beginning nutrition rehabilitation to restore weight. Eliminating binge eating and/or purging behaviors and other problematic eating patterns.

Can anorexia be fully cured?

Many Patients with Anorexia Nervosa Get Better, But Complete Recovery Elusive to Most. Three in four patients with anorexia nervosa – including many with challenging illness – make a partial recovery. But just 21 percent make a full recovery, a milestone that is most likely to signal permanent remission.

What type of person is most likely to be affected by anorexia nervosa?

Anorexia is more common among girls and women than boys and men. Anorexia is also more common among girls and younger women than older women. On average, girls develop anorexia at 16 or 17. Teen girls between 13 and 19 and young women in their early 20s are most at risk.

What are the three essential diagnostic features of anorexia nervosa?

Anorexia nervosa is an eating disorder characterized by weight loss (or lack of appropriate weight gain in growing children); difficulties maintaining an appropriate body weight for height, age, and stature; and, in many individuals, distorted body image.

What personality traits do people with eating disorders tend to possess?

Personality traits commonly associated with eating disorder (ED) are high perfectionism, impulsivity, harm avoidance, reward dependence, sensation seeking, neuroticism, and obsessive-compulsiveness in combination with low self-directedness, assertiveness, and cooperativeness [8-11].

What is the most common comorbid disorder with anorexia?

The most common comorbidities for the eating disorder group were anxiety disorders (71.4%), attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (47.9%), disruptive/impulse control disorders (45.0%), mood disorders (29.6%), and obsessive-compulsive disorder (28.8%), largely in line with previous research.

Which of the following can co exist with anorexia nervosa?

Three common personality disorders that may accompany anorexia and bulimia include Histrionic Personality Disorder, Borderline Personality Disorder, and Obsessive-Compulsive Personality Disorder.

Which disorders are often comorbid with eating disorders?

  • depression.
  • bipolar disorder.
  • panic and anxiety disorders.
  • post-traumatic stress disorder(PTSD)
  • obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD)
  • obsessive compulsive personality disorder (which is different from OCD)
  • borderline personality disorder.
  • sleep disorders.

What happens to your brain when you have anorexia?

Parts of the brain undergo structural changes and abnormal activity during anorexic states. Reduced heart rate, which could deprive the brain of oxygen. Nerve-related conditions including seizures, disordered thinking, and numbness or odd nerve sensations in the hands or feet.

How long will AN anorexic live?

5-10% of anorexics die within 10 years after contracting the disease and 18-20% of anorexics will be dead after 20 years. Anorexia nervosa has the highest death rate of any psychiatric illness (including major depression).

What is the survival rate for anorexia?

Results: The crude rate of mortality due to all causes of death for subjects with anorexia nervosa in these studies was 5.9% (178 deaths in 3,006 subjects). The aggregate mortality rate was estimated to be 0.56% per year, or approximately 5.6% per decade.

What is the most successful treatment for anorexia?

1. In the majority of clinical trials, Enhanced Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT-E) has been shown to be the most effective treatment for adult anorexia, bulimia and binge eating disorder. Enhanced CBT (CBT-E) was designed specifically for eating disorders.

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