Anorexia nervosa is a serious and potentially life-threatening — but treatable — eating disorder. It’s characterized by extreme food restriction and an intense fear of gaining weight.
Which is a characteristic of a person with restricting type anorexia nervosa?
The restricting type of anorexia involves eating very little food and losing weight through self-starvation or excessive exercise. The number of calories consumed by restricting individuals is insufficient to support bodily functions and normal activities.
Who among the following is most likely to be suffering from anorexia nervosa?
Anorexia is more common among girls and women than boys and men. Anorexia is also more common among girls and younger women than older women. On average, girls develop anorexia at 16 or 17. Teen girls between 13 and 19 and young women in their early 20s are most at risk.
Which of the following is most likely to be a health consequence of anorexia nervosa?
Health Consequences of Anorexia Nervosa The risk for heart failure rises as the heart rate and blood pressure levels sink lower and lower. Reduction of bone density (osteoporosis), which results in dry, brittle bones. Muscle loss and weakness. Severe dehydration, which can result in kidney failure.
What is the main characteristic of anorexia nervosa quizlet?
Anorexia nervosa is a life-threatening eating disorder characterized by the client’s refusal or inability to maintain a minimally normal body weight, intense fear of gaining weight or becoming fat, significantly disturbed perception of the shape or size of the body, and steadfast inability or refusal to acknowledge the …
What are 3 characteristics of anorexia?
Extreme weight loss or not making expected developmental weight gains. Thin appearance. Abnormal blood counts. Fatigue.
Who is most likely to have an eating disorder?
Teenage girls and young women are more likely than teenage boys and young men to have anorexia or bulimia, but males can have eating disorders, too. Although eating disorders can occur across a broad age range, they often develop in the teens and early 20s.
What age group is most affected by anorexia nervosa?
The eating disorders anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa, respectively, affect 0.5 percent and 2-3 percent of women over their lifetime. The most common age of onset is between 12-25.
What groups are more at risk for developing eating disorders?
- Genetics. People with first degree relatives, siblings or parents, with an eating disorder appear to be more at risk of developing an eating disorder, too.
- Peer Pressure.
- Emotional Health.
Which of the following is not associated with anorexia nervosa quizlet?
The correct answer is C. Anorexia nervosa is a life-threatening eating disorder that causes a person to have an extremely low body weight due to his/her fear of gaining weight and having a distorted body image. In this case, binge eating is not a behavior that is associated with this condition.
What is the perceived body image of a person suffering from anorexia nervosa?
Results: Patients with anorexia nervosa overestimated their bodies on the body fat dimension. Patients with bulimia nervosa wished to have a body with less fat. Fathers of both groups of patients perceived their own bodies correctly but wished to have less body fat and to be more muscular.
What are the 5 symptoms of anorexia?
- You don’t eat enough, so you’re underweight.
- Your self-esteem is based on the way your body looks.
- You are obsessed with and terrified of gaining weight.
- It’s hard for you to sleep through the night.
- Dizziness or fainting.
- Your hair is falling out.
- You no longer get your period.
What happens to the body in anorexia nervosa?
Untreated, anorexia nervosa can lead to: Damaged organs, especially the heart, brain, and kidneys. Drop in blood pressure, pulse, and breathing rates. Loss of hair.
What are some risk factors of anorexia?
These include a family history of anorexia nervosa,1-3 obesity,4 eating and weight concerns,5 affective disorder,1,6-12 substance abuse,9-11,13 and obsessive-compulsive disorder11,12,14; a history of exposure to adverse events and circumstances15-18; and the presence of certain traits such as perfectionism, …
What are two physical consequences of anorexia nervosa?
With weight loss, those with anorexia experience nutritional deprivation, resulting in physical changes in their hair, skin and nails. As starvation occurs, blood flow slows, resulting in intolerance to cold temperatures and a bluish tint in the tips of fingers and ears (Brown & Mehler, 2017).
Which is a common characteristic of anorexia?
Purging for Weight Control Purging is a common characteristic of anorexia. Purging behaviors include self-induced vomiting and the over use of certain medications like laxatives or diuretics. It can also include the use of enemas.
Which of the following characteristics is common to individuals with anorexia?
The typical characteristics of a person with anorexia nervosa include: Low body mass index (
How do people become anorexic?
The exact causes of anorexia nervosa are unknown. However, the condition sometimes runs in families; young women with a parent or sibling with an eating disorder are likelier to develop one themselves. Then there are psychological, environmental, and social factors that may contribute to the development of anorexia.
How many types of anorexia nervosa are there?
Anorexia nervosa may be divided into 2 subtypes: Restricting, in which severe limitation of food intake is the primary means to weight loss. Binge-eating/purging type, in which there are periods of food intake that are compensated by self-induced vomiting, laxative or diuretic abuse, and/or excessive exercise.
What does the word nervosa mean?
The definition of nervosa in the dictionary is nervous.
What typically causes eating disorders?
Much of the earlier research on eating disorders examined environmental risk factors. As a result, they are frequently blamed for causing eating disorders. Environmental factors include events and influences in an individual’s life, such as diet culture, the media, trauma, and weight teasing.
What is the most common eating disorder in both males and females?
Binge eating disorder is the most common eating disorder in the U.S., according to the National Eating Disorders Association. It’s characterized by episodes of eating large amounts of food, often quickly and to the point of discomfort.
Which gender is more likely to have an eating disorder?
Eating disorders are much more common among women than men. Now, a new study may have uncovered a neurological explanation for this disparity. Researchers find that women are more likely than men to experience brain activity relating to negative body perception.
What is one of the most common eating disorder in adolescence?
Types Of Eating Disorders. The most common eating disorders among adolescents are Anorexia Nervosa, Bulimia Nervosa and Binge-Eating Disorder. Even patients that do not meet all of the clinical criteria for an eating disorder can be at serious risk and should seek medical treatment.
Which behavior is characteristic of a person in the later stages of anorexia nervosa?
The following are indications that an individual is engaging in severe restrictive behaviors indicative of anorexia nervosa: Increased mood disturbance such as depression, anxiety, suicidality, etc. Slow brain processing and delayed thinking and reaction-speed. Hyperfixation on the body, food, and/or exercise.