In female athletes, a higher incidence of osteoporosis is due to a decreased rate of bone accretion in youth, often as a result of hormonal deficiency and/or excessive exercise.
How does female athlete triad affect bone density?
The original definition of the female athlete triad consisted of eating disorders, irregular menstrual cycles, and reduced bone mineral density (weakened bone strength that can lead to osteoporosis). Malnutrition led to abnormalities in the menstrual cycle, which in turn affected bone density.
What term is given to a female athlete who has an eating disorder and develops amenorrhea and osteoporosis?
The female athlete triad is a serious syndrome comprising 3 interrelated components: (i) disordered eating; (ii) amenorrhoea; and (iii) osteoporosis. The female athlete triad is a syndrome that can be prevented.
What should a female athlete eat to avoid osteoporosis?
Obtain adequate calcium and vitamin D to promote optimal bone density and prevent osteoporosis, a condition of weak and fragile bones. Consume calcium-rich foods such as milk, yogurt, cheese, broccoli, and leafy greens. Vitamin D is necessary for calcium absorption.
Why is the female athlete triad so harmful to females long term?
It can increase your risk of fractures, breaks, and other injuries. Your organs also can sustain damage due to a lack of nutrients. Without treatment, the female athlete triad can cause long-term health problems. When combined with a low body weight, it can even lead to death.
Which athletes are at greatest risk of osteoporosis?
Osteoporosis in athletes is sports specific; there is a much greater incidence in appearance sports, such as diving, figure skating, gymnastics, synchronised swimming, and ballet. Endurance sports, which involve distance running, particularly in marathon runners.
What is the result of the condition referred to as female athlete triad?
The female athlete triad (the triad) is an interrelationship of menstrual dysfunction, low energy availability (with or without an eating disorder), and decreased bone mineral density; it is relatively common among young women participating in sports.
Which is a potential symptom of the female athlete triad?
Article Sections. The female athlete triad is defined as the combination of disordered eating, amenorrhea and osteoporosis. This disorder often goes unrecognized.
What are the three components of female athlete triad?
The female athlete triad was recognized in 1992 and is defined as a spectrum disorder of three interrelated components: (1) low energy availability due to disordered eating, eating disorder, or lack of nutrition relative to caloric expenditure; (2) menstrual dysfunction; and (3) low bone mineral density (BMD).
How is female athlete triad treatment?
Treatment of the Triad includes adequate caloric consumption to restore a positive energy balance; this is often the first step in successful management of the Triad. In addition, determining the cause of menstrual dysfunction (MD) and resumption of menses is very important.
What is osteoporosis discuss any two factors which may lead to osteoporosis in female athlete?
Low estrogen levels and poor nutrition, especially low calcium intake, can lead to osteoporosis. Osteoporosis is a weakening of the bones due to the loss of bone density and improper bone formation. This condition can ruin a female athlete’s career because it may lead to bone fractures and other injuries.
The impact of the triad is not limited to menstrual function and bone health. Complications from low EA and the additional consequences can span many of the bodily systems and can have psychological implications. Low EA has specifically been linked to depression, low self‐esteem, and anxiety disorders.
Can you reverse osteoporosis?
The short answer is no, osteoporosis cannot be completely reversed and is not considered curable, but there are a number of health and lifestyle adjustments you can make to improve bone loss. Your provider may also prescribe you medications to help rebuild and slow down bone loss.
The link between anorexia nervosa and osteoporosis Extremely low body weight in females can cause the body to stop producing estrogen, resulting in a condition known as amenorrhea, or absent menstrual periods. Low estrogen levels contribute to significant losses in bone density.
What food helps with osteoporosis?
- Milk, cheese, and yogurt. Remember those “Got milk?” commercials?
- Oranges and orange juice. Rich in vitamin C, oranges and orange juice help your body produce the things it needs for strong bones.
- Leafy greens.
- Nuts and seeds.
- Cruciferous veggies.
Can you recover from female athlete triad?
Main Purpose of Treatment The optimal treatment for the triad needs to address the low energy availability or nutritional status of the athlete . Nutritional counseling and increased diet and meal plan to restore normalization of body weight is essential for resumption of menses and improved bone health.
What are long term consequences of Triad?
Clinically, these conditions can manifest as disordered eating behaviors, menstrual irregularity, and stress fractures.
Why do female athletes have eating disorders?
Three risk factors are thought to particularly contribute to a female athlete’s vulnerability to developing an eating disorder: social influences emphasizing thinness, performance anxiety, and negative self-appraisal of athletic achievement.
Why is osteoporosis more common in females?
Women are more at risk of developing osteoporosis than men because the hormone changes that happen at the menopause directly affect bone density. The female hormone oestrogen is essential for healthy bones. After the menopause, oestrogen levels fall. This can lead to a rapid decrease in bone density.
What are 3 common causes of osteoporosis?
- Estrogen Deficiencies in Women. Women typically suffer estrogen deficiencies during perimenopause and menopause.
- Calcium Deficiencies. Bones are constantly losing and replacing minerals.
- Inactive Lifestyle.
What are 5 symptoms of osteoporosis?
- Fragility-related fractures. These occur when even mild impact causes a fracture of the wrist, back, hip or other bones.
- Height loss. More than two inches in height can be lost over time.
- Receding gums.
- A curved, stooped shape to the spine.
- Lower back pain.
How long does it take for amenorrhea to affect bone density?
Untreated hypothalamic amenorrhea is associated with progressive bone loss during the first 5 yr of amenorrhea, after which the rate of bone loss may significantly decline, as demonstrated by Biller et al.
Why do female athletes have amenorrhea?
Amenorrhoea is the absence of menstrual periods. Women who are elite athletes or who exercise excessively on a regular basis are at risk of developing athletic amenorrhoea. Causes are thought to include low levels of body fat and the effects of exercise-related hormones on the menstrual cycle.
What are the three components of the female athlete triad quizlet?
What is the female athlete triad? The interrelationship between energy availability, menstrual function, and bone mineral density.
What is amenorrhea in female athlete triad?
Amenorrhea means that you stop having your period for 3 months or longer. If you haven’t had your first period by age 16, this is also considered amenorrhea. Check with your doctor to find out what’s going on. Not having your period is a sign that something is wrong with your hormone balance (or you’re pregnant!).