Because patients with bulimia typically induce vomiting multiple times a day, they are forced to produce excess amounts of saliva which causes their parotid salivary glands to become over-stimulated.
Does bulimia cause swollen salivary glands?
Swelling in the lymph nodes and salivary glands in the face/neck area is definitely one of the side effects of continual binging and purging associated with bulimia.
What is the cause of enlarged parotid glands in clients with eating disorders?
Enlargement of the salivary glands can occur in patients with anorexia nervosa (AN). This enlargement appears to be related to both the nutritional deficiencies and the bizarre eating habits (particularly the bulimia and vomiting) characteristic of these patients.
What are 3 physiological changes that occur with bulimia nervosa?
Physiological effects of bulimia nervosa on the gastrointestinal tract include dental caries and enamel erosion; enlargement of the parotid gland; esophagitis; changes in gastric capacity and gastric emptying; gastric necrosis; and alterations of the intestinal mucosa.
What is the most common cause of parotid swelling?
Parotitis is a painful swelling of your parotid glands, which are salivary glands located between the ear and jaw. The most common cause is a virus, such as mumps, herpes, or Epstein-Barr. Bacterial infections, diabetes, tumours or stones in the saliva glands, and tooth problems also may cause parotitis.
What causes salivary glands to enlarge?
Viral infections such as mumps, flu, Coxsackie viruses, echovirus and cytomegalovirus can make the salivary glands enlarge. Cysts can develop in the salivary glands after injuries, infections, stones or tumors.
What are 3 complications of bulimia?
Possible complications include: Negative self-esteem and problems with relationships and social functioning. Dehydration, which can lead to major medical problems, such as kidney failure. Heart problems, such as an irregular heartbeat or heart failure. Severe tooth decay and gum disease.
What is parotid hypertrophy?
Enlargement of the parotid gland.
Does bulimia cause swollen jaw?
Swelling of the jaw or face during bulimic behaviors is often caused by the dehydration that the body is experiencing. Our bodies naturally try to retain as much water as they can during periods of extreme dehydration.
What causes inflammation of the parotid salivary glands?
The most common causes of acute salivary gland infections are bacteria, especially Staphylococcus aureus, or staph. Viruses and fungi can also cause infection in the glands. (Mumps is an example of a viral infection of the parotid glands.)
Which medical complications are associated with the diagnosis of bulimia nervosa?
Bulimia nervosa can lead to a variety of general medical complications, including metabolic alkalosis, dehydration, constipation, and cardiac arrhythmias.
What disorder is known for infected swollen parotid glands?
Salivary gland infections are somewhat common, and they can return in some people. Viral infections, such as mumps, often affect the salivary glands. (Mumps most often involves the parotid salivary gland).
What are 5 characteristics of bulimia?
- Usually a normal or above average body weight.
- Recurrent episodes of binge eating and fear of not being able to stop eating.
- Self-induced vomiting (usually secretive)
- Excessive exercise.
- Excessive fasting.
- Peculiar eating habits or rituals.
What are 5 physical effects of bulimia?
- low blood pressure and irregular heart rate.
- dry skin.
- decreased electrolyte levels and dehydration.
- esophageal ruptures from excessive vomiting.
- gastrointestinal problems.
- irregular periods.
What is the most significant feature of bulimia?
Bulimia nervosa is a serious, potentially life-threatening eating disorder characterized by a cycle of bingeing and compensatory behaviors such as self-induced vomiting designed to undo or compensate for the effects of binge eating.
What are the signs and symptoms of parotitis?
- Face pain.
- Sore throat.
- Loss of appetite.
- Swelling of the parotid glands (the largest salivary glands, located between the ear and the jaw)
- Swelling of the temples or jaw (temporomandibular area)
Can stress cause parotid gland swelling?
The results suggest that the cause of the parotid hyperplasia may be an elevated sympathetic influence, possibly due to stress. Enlargement of the salivary glands is a common feature of various gland disorders such as sial- adenitis, tumours, obstruction to secretion, and sialosis.
How long does a swelling parotid gland last?
When a salivary gland becomes inflamed, it can stop functioning. Sialadenitis usually goes away in about a week. But if you develop severe symptoms, such as difficulty breathing or swallowing, call 911.
What is the difference between parotid gland and salivary gland?
Salivary glands are located in the mouth. There are three pairs of large salivary glands. Parotid glands are found in front of and just below each ear.
How is a swollen parotid gland diagnosed?
You may need additional testing to determine if the condition is caused by an abscess, salivary stone, or tumor. Your healthcare professional may take a biopsy to test for bacteria or viruses. In some cases, they may use an ultrasound, MRI, X-ray, or CT scan to make an accurate diagnosis.
What is the difference between sialadenitis and Sialadenosis?
Submandibular sialadenitis is inflammation of the submandibular gland, which is caused by salivary stasis that leads to retrograde seeding of bacteria from the oral cavity. Sialadenosis is a benign,non-inflammatory swelling of salivary glands usually associated with metabolic conditions.
What are 2 health problems caused by bulimia?
- Cardiac complications (irregular heartbeat and heart failure stemming from electrolyte imbalances such as potassium, sodium, and chloride)
- Edema (stemming from periods of purging cessation)
- Ulcers, pancreatitis.
What is the most serious medical consequence of bulimia?
Those with bulimia are at heightened risk for dehydration because water volume can drop so quickly during a purging episode. If too much water is purged from the body, it can result in serious medical complications including hypovolemic (low blood volume) shock, seizures and kidney or heart failure.
What is a common complication of bulimia nervosa?
Many different complications can occur due to bulimia nervosa including: Throat and stomach ulcers. Tooth decay and cavities. Esophagus inflammation (esophagitis) and tears. Damage to your intestines and stomach damage.
Why does bulimia cause swollen face?
Puffy face People with bulimia nervosa may develop swollen parotid glands because of their repeated purging. These glands are just in front of the ears and may cause swelling in the face.